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Hopewell

American Indian Tribe
by

Cris Cappelli

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Hopewell

Hopewell Tribe a native american tribe general info origins mound builders politics and history artwork early history decline The Hopewell culture peaked circa A.D. 500. Then they rapidly fell into decline. Archaeologists believe that it's possible that their trade routes collapsed. After 500 A.D. the number of mounds started to decrease, and the craftsmanship in them began to decline a well. The Hopewell culture is an ancient American Indian civilization that started in Ohio and other parts of eastern North America during the Middle Woodland Period, maybe as early as 100 BC. It is characterized by gigantic mounds and earthen enclosures in a variety of shapes, great works of art crafted from raw materials brought to Ohio from great distances, and particular styles of stone tools and pottery unique to this time and region. The Hopewell inherited from their Adena ancestors an basic social stratification. This increased social stability and reinforced sedentism, social stratification, specialized use of resources, and, probably, population growth. Hopewell societies cremated most of their deceased and reserved burial for only the most important people. In some sites, it seems that hunters had a higher status in the community because their graves were more elaborate and contained more status goods. The Hopewell tribe was full of people who built mounds
as burial sites. These mounds suggest that organized labor was important in that society. Inside the mounds were things like pottery and ornaments. Daggers of obsidian from the Rocky Mountains and shells from the Gulf of Mexico show that the Hopewell had an extensive trade network. Specialists say that the exact Hopewell origins are still under discussion, but most of the Hopewell population came from Western New York. They then moved to into Ohio. Other specialists say that some of the Hopewell population comes from Western Illinois, and spread through diffusion, to Southern Ohio. Also, the Havana Hopewell tradition is said to have traveled up the Illinois River, and into Southern Michigan. The Hopewell also made some of the finest artwork of the Americas. Most of their art work had some sort of religious significance. Pieces of art like ornate carvings and necklaces were put in people's graves. They used exotic materials to make their art. Hopewell Story of how the earth was formed
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