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Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

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Liam Badwolf

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Rosh Hashanah & Yom Kippur

Jewish New Year Rosh Hashanah Meaning Meaning Yom Kippur Day of Atonement Origins Practices Prayers Food Origin Yom Kippur originated from the biblical passage Leviticus 23:27.

27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation to you; and you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. 28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. Food Since Yom Kippur is a day dedicated to atoning for their sins, Jewish people devote themselves to this and refrain from eating in order to concentrate solely on the meaning of the holiday.
Those who are physically capable fast from the previous sunset to the next, whereas some children and elderly people may eat earlier. Prayers A few examples of prayers, hymns and biblical passages of Yom Kippur are:
Yizkot (a memorial prayer),
the reading of the book of Jonah
Unetaneh Tokef
Al Het (a prayer of confession)
Ne'ilah (the closing chant) Customs The customs of Yom Kippur are to give an increase to charity. Also at home the children are blessed before leaving for the service. Practices The practices of Yom Kippur are repentance and fasting for 25 hours. Most of the day is spent in a Synagogue. Yom Kippur is perceived by many, to be the most important holiday of the year.
It occurs on the tenth day of the seventh month (Tishri), ten days after Rosh Hashanah.
On this holiday, Jewish people dedicate themselves to atoning for their sins in the past year. In Hebrew, Rosh Hashanah literally means, "head of the year" or "first of the year". It is more commonly referred to/ known as the Jewish New Year.
The Bible also refers to Rosh Hashanah as the "Day of the Sounding of the Ram's Horn" During Rosh Hashanah no work is permitted, and most of the day is spent in the synagogue. They spend time:
listening to the sounding of the Shofar (ram's horn),
lighting festival candles,
saying special prayers and readings
eating sweet food. The specialty food that is eaten during Rosh Hashanah is generally sweet. It is usually sweet to wish those eating it a sweet new year. Some examples are apples dipped in honey, and bread dipped in honey. They also will indulge in a round challah bread to represent the circle of life and the cycle of the new year. By: Liam, Isabella, Emily and Samantha Rosh Hashanah's origins are from biblical times. It was an enthronement ritual and was adopted to be the start to the High Holidays. The special prayers and services done for Rosh Hashanah are:
candle lighting (where candles are lite for specific time)
Evening Kiddush (which is recited while holding a cup of wine, or other liquor)
Unetaneh Tokef
the blessing of apples and honey. Customs Aside from the food based customs previously mentioned, it is also customary on Rosh Hashanah to:
wear white and have a white curtain across the ark in the synagogue
send cards
perform Tashlich
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