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Compare and Contrast Japanese Internment Camps to Holocaust
Transcript of Compare and Contrast Japanese Internment Camps to Holocaust
Paranoia in the U.S. due to:
December 7th, 1941
President Roosevelt made the order to relocate any Japanese-Americans to internment camps
Settled Japanese-Americans became successful farmers, fruit growers, fishermen, & small business owners
Anti-Japanese hate groups formed
2,335 U.S. servicemen killed
1,143 U.S. wounded
65 Japanese soldiers killed
The attack lead the U.S. into WWII
Families given less than 48 hours to move
Be Our "Guests"
Single-roomed houses with no plumbing
Japanese religions were prohibited
Willing to serve the United States armed forces?
Swear allegiance to the U.S. and denounce ties to Japan?
“…But then the commentator referred to the Japanese internment camps as "concentration camps." I cannot imagine a more offensive way to portray the situation. To compare the Japanese internment camps to the Nazi or communist concentration camps is beyond offensive to the Jewish community and any reasonably intelligent American. While not Jewish myself, I found it to be terribly offensive. Words have meaning and to diminish the term "concentration camps" is reprehensible.”
---Talk of the Nation’s Neal Conan (listener comment)
Hitler's rise to power
Japanese Internment vs. Concentration Camps (Differences)
Designed to exterminate
Motivated by malice and hate
Japanese Internment vs. Concentration Camps
Intended to keep potential threats contained
Motivated by propaganda and distrust
Japanese Internment vs. Concentration Camps (Similarities)
Everything Taken Away
Living in Japanese Internment Camp
Living in Concentration Camps
Lack of Nutrition in
Experienced hunger for the first time
40 to 60 lbs. lost
Internees paid 48 cents for food rationings
The basic diet:
Lack of Nutrition in Concentration Camps
Breakfast was imitation coffee or "herbal" tea
Lunch consisted of watery soup
For dinner, if they were lucky, a small piece of black bread, a tiny piece of sausage or cheese
Japanese-Americans were allowed to return to their homes
Internees' property and businesses had been neglected, vandalized or taken over by others
The government estimated that these people's financial losses amassed to $400,000,000 (in 2009, that's roughly equal to $5,219,852,760.80)
Steven, Koji. "8 Asians." The Difference Between Internment Camps and Concentration Camps. 8 Asians, 24 Aug. 2011. Web. 27 Nov. 2013.
Schumacher-Matos, Edward, and Lori Grisham. "Euphemisms, Concentration Camps And The Japanese Internment." NPR. NPR, 10 Feb. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.
"Patchwork Quilt Series: Spool Pattern." The Archive Web. The Denver Post, 28 Feb. 2013. Web. 27 Nov. 2013.
"Remembering Auschwitz 65 Years after Its Liberation." DW.DE. DW, 27 Jan. 2010. Web. 27 Nov. 2013.
"Nutrition in Japanese-American Internment Camps." The British Medica Journal (1944): n. pag. JSTOR. The BMJ Publishing Group. Web. 28 Nov. 2013.
"Meals and Food in the Concentration Camps." The Holocaust Explained. Jewish Cultural Centre, 2011. Web. 26 Nov. 2013.
"Japanese Internment." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2013.
President Jimmy Carter on the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Incarceration of Japanese-Americans had not been justified.
Official government apology; pay $20,000 to each survivor of the internment; furthermore a public education fund to help ensure that this will not happen again.
President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, into law.
1990, they began to receive individual payments and a letter of apology (Ibid).
Sickness from lack of insulation in rooms
Clothing was ragged or stripped from them
Food was disproportionate and starvation happened
Rooms and cabins built to house them, that were furnished
Given regular meals
Worked for small wages, not to death
Were allowed to join the army and become members of society
Never given a chance to prove loyalty