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Transcript of Quannah Parker
The son of Comanche Chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker
He had a white mother
He was the last chief of the Quahada Comanches Limited the southern Plains Indians to a reservation, promising to clothe the Indians and turn them into farmers 1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty Personal Life Continued He was half-white, half-Comanche and struggled with his mixed blood
His home had twenty-two rooms for his seven wives and twenty-five children.
Member of the peyote-eating Native American Church
Quanah's Later Years Quanah means "fragrant"
He has served as a judge in a tribal court
Was once believed to be the wealthiest Native American in the U.S.
Considered a good friend to President Theodore Roosevelt
Despite Parker's beliefs, his son, White Parker, was a Methodist minister
Over 2,000 people from all over the U.S. attended his funeral
He was buried with many valuables such as silver dollars, gold bands and other pricey items Fun Facts http://www.lnstar.com/mall/texasinfo/quanah.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peyote Bibliography Chief of the Quahada (Antelopes) Comanche
Refused the 1867 Treaty of Medicine Lodge
Also a leader of the Native American Church
Known as an "accomplished horseman" and became a great leader.
Peyote Small, spineless cactus
Used by the Native American Church
Used for its psychoactive and/or curative properties "The White Man goes into his church and talks about Jesus. The Indian goes into his Tipi and talks with Jesus."
Personal Life Both of his parents and sister died when he was young, leaving him an orphan
After his parent's death, he adapted well to his new family and tribe, the Quahada.
They were considered the most warlike of all of the tribes
He wanted vengeance against the "white-man" for the death of his parents and sister
Colonel MacKenzie sent Jacob Sturm, a doctor and an interpreter to seek Quanah's surrender. After learning Sturm was out for him, Quanah Parker rode to a mesa, where he had an encounter with a wolf. The wolf howled and trotted away to the northeast. As the wolf left, an eagle flew overhead flapping its wings in the direction of Fort Sill. Quanah took these as signs and on June 2, 1875, he and his band surrendered at Fort Sill in present-day Oklahoma.
After that, Quanah settled with the "white-man" and traded his traditional Comanche attire for a business suit. But he refused to cut his braids, give up his Native American beliefs or gave up any of his seven wives.
He fit in well with the "white-man" and even became fairly rich and popular among his people
Died February 23, 1911 from illness; however, the illness was never diagnosed Quanah and His Tribe For several years, Quanah and his tribe roamed Texas plains and raided travelers, military bases, and campsites
His tribe racked up alliances from other Native American tribes such as Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Kiowas, and Comanches
A disastrous raid at Adobe Wall led the alliance to crumble
Being badly wounded, Quanah and his tribe began the trek to Fort Sill in the Leased District in the Indian Territory. The band of Comanches arrived at Fort. Sill and under a white flag surrendered to Colonel McKenzie
Hunger problems and the persistent government forced the tribe onto a reservation Adobe Wall On June 27, 1874, an alliance made up of 700 Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Kiowas, and Comanches attacked twenty-eight hunters and one woman housed at Adobe Wall
Their surprise attack was ruined and the hunter's firearms caused the raid to be a disaster
Fifteen Indians were killed, several were wounded, including Quanah, while only one hunter died While most Native Americans struggled, Quanah and his people made the best they could living on the reservation
Parker supported ranching, agriculture and education on reservations
He supported the construction of schools and the creation of a ranching industry on the reservations
Also, he supported the establishment of a Comanche police force
Life on a Reservation Known For: