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Jelena Risteljic

on 28 March 2016

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Transcript of ANIMALS

Throughout the history of the evolution of plant and animal species have emerged and disappeared - some
remained relatively unchanged while others have evolved or are divided into subspecies.
Five most endangered species:
Climate change, in particular ice age, probably are responsible for the development of endemic European subspecies. With the exception of the largest geological or cosmic events (Eg, volcanic eruptions or meteor), the process of decline and the emergence of new species usually takes place gradually and over a long period.

More than eight thousand scientists, members of international organizations for the protection of the environment, announced the Global Environmental Forum list of animals, plants and fungi that will in the near future disappear from the face of the Earth.
Endangered species living in 48 countries around the world, and how sciencists say, their disappearance can be prevented if we urgently take appropriate measures.

1. Manakin birds

Manakin bird is one of the most endangered species, her only appropriate habitat is in South American tropical forests.

City Habitat: Brazil
Number of surviving copies: 779
IV3, 15/16
Jelena Risteljić, Ivana Kašćelan, Aleksandra Bećir
Gimnazija Kotor
Natural ecosystems and biodiversity
Today, as never before, natural ecosystems and biodiversity face
serious dangers:
• About 50,000 biological species become extinct annually. For the first time in the history of the world a single specific species - Man - has become a key factor in the destruction of the ecosystem;
• Tropical rainforests and other natural ecosystems disappear or are damaged due to the spread agricultural land, development of transport, urban development, relocation of river
flows for irrigation and pollution;
• The number of bird species around the world is in decline, while one-quarter of all mammals in serious danger of extinction.
2. Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran rhino is due to the destruction of its natural habitat designated as critically endangered species. Survives only in part of the Malay Archipelago.

Place habitats: Malaysia and Indonesia
Number of surviving copies: 250
The impact of human activity produces drastic changes in the environment. Many of these changes are happening too fast, and kind of do not get adjusted, resulting in a continuous reducing the number of plant and animal species.
A much larger number of species has experienced changes or disappeared on the territory of Europe than in other
parts of the world. For example, 80-90% of the European continent was once covered
trees. THIS this percentage decreased to 30 European rivers are also under
extreme pressure.

The loss of natural habitats, land fragmentation, pollution, over-exploitation
and the introduction of alien species are the greatest threat to biodiversity
3. Pygmy sloth

Among the endangered species is the pygmy sloth trident which is housed on the near Panama.

Place habitats: Panama
Number of surviving copies: 500

4. Scolopacidae

Topping the list is a forest bird scolopacidae, known in English as ‘sandpiper’, who lives in Russia. Currently there are only 100 pairs of these birds, and their number decreases every year for the quarter.

City Habitat: Russia, Bangladesh, Burma
Number of surviving copies: 200
5. snub-nosed monkey

Although this type of monkey new to scientists, it is easily recognizable. Asians argue that the monkey is very easy to find, especially when it is raining because the monkeys have a problem with this type of precipitation, they fall right into a short nose, causing sneezing.

City Habitat: Vietnam
Number of surviving copies: 200
Nature protection and conservation of biodiversity in Montenegro
are facing with frequent changes since the country went through an economic and social transition.
In a very short period after independence (2006), Montenegro has improved protection and conservation of its natural values and sustainable use of biological resources.
The diversity of geology, landscape, climate and soil types in Montenegro, as well as its position on the Balkans and the Adriatic Sea, have created conditions for the development of a very rich biodiversity, making Montenegro one of the "hot spots" of biodiversity in Europe and worldwide.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological and / or cultural values. In Montenegro are identified following field as an internationally Important Bird Areas: Skadar Lake, Ulcinj Saltworks, Sasko Lake, Durmitor and Biogradska gora.
Rare, endangered, endemic and endangered species are forbidden to remove from their habitat any purpose, damage and destroy by any means, as well as selling them or taking out the abroad. Rare, endangered, vulnerable and useful species and their development forms is prohibited haunt, harass, capture or kill them.
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