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The Open Boat

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Shivani Patel

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of The Open Boat

By Stephen Crane Setting Plot Overview Characters Themes Off coast of Florida
Before Spanish-American War
Sailing in dinghy
Threatening waves
Strong winds
Mosquito Inlet
Met by seagulls and sharks Nature's Indifference
Human Fate
Man vs. Self
Man vs. Nature
Community/Society Symbolism The Open Boat Four Survivors on a Dinghy
Mocked by Gulls
Find an Empty Lighthouse
People are Seen on the Shore
Remain in Dinghy Overnight
Decide to go to Shore in Morning
Rescued by a Naked Man
Oarsman Dies
Relation Through Psychology "The human back can become the seat of more aches and pains than are registered in books for the composite anatomy of a regiment. It is a limited area, but it can become the theater of innumerable muscular conflicts , tangles, wrenches, knots, and other comforts." Page 393 Stephen Crane Characters represent the people of society Captain- represents leaders in society -keeps others going
-makes the big decisions Cook- represents followers in society -never gives up
-works harder than everyone else
-is taken advantage of
-very fit Connections Video The Oiler's Death Randomness of nature
Indifference of nature toward man
Not deserving but happens anyway
Limit to working together The Poem Correspondent understands his own plight
Situation is like a soldier's
Death is inevitable
Struggle is meaningless "...If I am going to be drowned- if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who rule the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees? Was I brought here merely to have my nose dragged away as I was about to nibble the sacred cheese of life?" Page 392 The Cigars Four wet cigars:
Soaked by heavy forces of nature
Broken and useless
Illustrates the tragedy of the men's spirits
Four dry cigars:
Were deep inside pocket
Something inside the men was untouched Motif Waves: Mentioned throughout story
Forces of nature
Limited control on life
Constantly changing "A singular disadvantage of the sea lies in the fact that, after successfully surmounting one wave, you discover that there is another behind it, just as important and just as nervously anxious to do something effective in the way of swamping boats." Page 388 (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900)
Born to Methodist parents
Youngest of fourteen children, began writing at a very young age
Hired as a journalist, sent to Cuba to cover the uprising against Spain
Ship sank off the coast of Florida Human life swaying along
"Open" -unprotected
Little control of lives
Small compared to the ocean The Boat Romanticism The naked man-hero
Mentions nature
Uses descriptive language involving all the senses Puritanism "When it occurs to a man that nature does not regard him as important, and that she feels she would not maim the universe by disposing of him, he at first wishes to throw bricks at the temple, and he hates deeply the fact that there are no bricks and no temples. Any visible expression of nature would surely be pelleted with his jeers." Page 397 "He thought: 'I am going to drown? Can it be possible? Can it be possible? Can it be possible?'" Page 401 "It would be difficult to describe the subtle brotherhood of men that was here established on the seas. No one said that it was so. No one mentioned it. But it dwelt in the boat, and each man felt it warm him. They were a captain, an oiler, a cook, and a correspondent, and they were friends..." Page 390 "Many a man ought to have a bathtub larger than the boat which here rode upon the sea." Page 386 Age of Reason Correspondent -symbolizes the thinkers and observers in life
-represents Crane
-story is through his mind Oiler/ Billie- workers/everyday people in society Character Actions/Decisions Captain stayed calm and in charge Left first island to go back out to sea -they follow his lead, if he is calm, they will be too
-makes decisions that lead them to safety Questions? -no one would have come if they stayed
-in the long line of events, brought them closer to safety They "saw" people on the island -are they imagining it?
-being stranded may be making them crazy Decided to swim for shore -saved most of their lives
-if stayed on boat, people might have been able to save oiler "The shore grew dusky. The man waving a coat blended gradually into this gloom, and it swallowed in the same manner the omnibus and the group of people." "A conference was held in the boat. 'Well,' said the captain, 'if no help is coming, we might better try a run through the surf right away. If we stay out much longer we will be too weak to do anything for ourselves at all.'" Character Attitudes In Beginning... -all are confused
-Captain is found lying down in a daze
-in mourning because of ship sinking
-argue with each other
-take anger out on birds "None of them knew the color of the sky." First Sentence: In Middle... -gain hope when they see lighthouse, but lose when no one is there
-tired, hurt, possibly going crazy
-correspondent wonders why he hasn't died Presence of God/Good
Presence of Satan/Evil
Always exist together
Adultery in marriage
Brotherhood in terrible situation
Shark surrounded by blue light In the End... -correspondent feels sympathy
-a brotherhood is formed
-they are all changed "When it came night, the white waves paced to and fro in the moonlight, and the wind brought the sound of the great sea's voice to the men on the shore, and they felt that they could then be interpreters." Last Line: Authorial Choices Oiler/Billie is the only one named -makes him stand out
-he dies in the end Doesn't specify if man waving his jacket is real -gives the reader choice to decide themselves Story is dragged on -Realism: this is the way is would feel on the boat "If I am going to be drowned- if I am going to be drowned- if I am going to be drowned, why, in the name of the seven mad gods who rule the sea, was I allowed to come thus far and contemplate sand and trees?" Characters and Realism Vernacular was used -sailor lingo
Ex. swamp, spell me Based on a true story -Crane went through this Characters had naturalist thoughts "A seat in this boar was not unlike a seat upon a bucking bronco, and, by the same token, a bronco is not much smaller. The craft pranced and reared and plunged like an animal." Page 388 "He was naked- naked as a tree in winter; but a halo was about his head, and he shone like a saint." Page402 Questioning of religion
Human brotherhood
Choices based on facts- not God Oiler is the one who dies -is the least deserving to
-universe doesn't care
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