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Transcript of Taoism
By: Matthew De Luca, Ricardo Arantes and Alan Whipp
Taoism was founded by Lao Tzu
Grew out of many religions and philosophical traditions in ancient China
During the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE, Taosim was first recognized as a religious system.
Began as a formal religion around 142 C.E with the Tao being revealed to Zhang Daoling
Symbols- Yin Yang
Beliefs: Afterlife and Salvation
The YinYang is the most well known Taoist symbol
Also known as Tajiti, which means "diagram of ultimate power"
Black half is Yin and the white half is Yang
The two halves represent the opposites of masculine and feminine energy
The symbol as a whole represents the Tao
One half cannot live without the other.
30,000 in North America.
Philosophical and religious tradition.
Harmonious relationship between nature, humanity, and the divine is emphasized.
Objects that have the power to bring good luck to people.
Protects you from evil spirits.
Strips of paper with words of power and religious symbols on them.
Focuses spiritual energies to purify, heal the sick and drive away demons.
Talismans can only be written by qualified people.
To be qualified you must go through long training and must be in a state of purity.
Lantern Festival- January 15
Qingming Festival- April 4 or 5
Zhongyuan Festival- July 14
Minsuila Festival- October 1
The way of the Celestial Masters
First of the two main events that transformed Taoism.
Zhang Daoling (34-156 CE)
Zhang recieved a revelation from Lord Lao.
Travelled the countryside teaching, healing and establishing places of worship.
Survived until today.
The Yellow Turban Rebellion
Second event that transformed Taoism.
Chang Chiao (184 CE).
All members wore yellow turbans.
Beliefs: Wu Wei
Central belief in Taoism.
Translates to "not doing".
Referring to nature.
Individuals are vitally involved in what is around them.
Known as a form of martial arts.
Sometimes called moving yoga and meditation.
Tai Chi is a sequence of calm and slow movements.
Many practicers see Tai Chi as more of a meditative exercise than martial arts.
Ideas on the afterlife were adopted from Buddhist beliefs.
salvation does not mean to escape the world, but to become in sync with it.
Deities and Divine Beings
Deities and Divine Beings Cont.
Important deities include:
the Queen Mother of the West
the King Father of the East
Taiyi, the Great Unity or Supreme One
the Yellow Emperor
the Jade Emperor
Divine beings include immortals and ancestors
Beliefs: The Tao
The great silent source of harmony.
The force that existed before all things.
The birth of one, two and three.
Important people in Taoism.
A style/art of constructing buildings.
Doorways, staircases, windows, and rooms are placed in specific locations.
idea of balance and the positive flow of energy.
Tao Te Ching and Chuang Tzu are the most sacred books.
Tao Te Ching laid the ground work for Taoism
Chuang Tzu teaches about uniting with Tao by detaching ones' self from society
The Yi Jing is also a popular sacred text
International Taoist Tai Chi Centre
Founded by Master Moy Lin-Shin.
Goal of this centre was to demonstrate health benefits of Tai Chi.
Now over 500 locations including 1 in Toronto.
Three distinct periods of development.
1. Gave Taoism form and indentity.
2. Provided a religious foundation.
3. Saw the end of support for Taoism.
The body is filled with spirits and demons.
A positive attitude toward women, or feminine qualities, has been characteristic of Taoism from the beginning.
The first chapter of the Tao Te Ching and several other chapters refer to Tao as "The Mother of all things."
Chapter 28 opens with the lines, "Know the masculine, Keep to the feminine."
AKA The Three Jewels.
Compassion, Moderation and Humility.
Elements of the traditional Chinese concept of the human body.
Play an important role in Taoist yoga.
painting by Shitao
Many deities belong to the pantheon.
The pantheon differs with every sect and region.
No divine being lasts forever and their ranks are always changing.
Other symbols include the Bagua, I-Ching Coin, the Sacred Tortoise, and
the Big Dipper.