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Transcript of Skinheads
Ashley Christopher, Aaron Day,
Alaina Potter, and Rachel Torres
Three important things
Financial- making money
Feelings- If you get in any problems
Aryan Brotherhood comes
first above all things
Above your own life,
They prepare them for battles,
instilling in the warrior mentality.They even
study graze anatomy so they would know
where, and how to kill.
source of income
K-Greek Kuklos= Circle
K- Scottish Clan= Family
Founded in 1800
Now is found in 39 states
Dozen chapters overseas
34 chapters in US
You must be a free white male or female of European descent,
at least 18 years of age. (we do verify age)
2. You must be a Protestant able to profess faith
in Jesus Christ as personal Savior
3. You must not be married to or date people of other races,
nor have mixed race dependents, this includes adopted children.
4. You must agree to conform to the rules of this order, and be
willing to swear you will NOT conspire to commit any crime while an associate.
5. You must not join us with mercenary intent, or under secret evasion of any sort.
6. Under NO circumstances will we accept for associate ship: homosexuals, atheists, or those who have been found mentally insane. We will not accept candidates that have been convicted of treason, or espionage against the United States of America.
7. You must be a U.S. citizen and have a U.S. address. we do not accept foreign nationals, or have foreign associates.
8. You must not be on probation or parole. (Those on probation or parole are NOT free men).
Fortunately, most skinhead groups are not well organized
and lack the leadership structure found in the majority of street gangs
engaged in “for-profit” criminal activities.
However, the Western Hammerskins group has a stronger
leadership hierarchy than most skinhead groups, and
it boasts a very active recruitment program.
Potential members receive a recruitment package, which includes
swastika armband, a T-shirt with white supremacist slogans, white
supremacist literature and band stickers, and other supremacist materials.
Recruiters also pass out business cards embossed with the Western
Hammerskins’ logo and the recruiter’s name and telephone number.
The group’s higher educational level may explain the sophistication
of its recruitment techniques.
Hate Motivated vs.
Criminally motivated skinhead groups spend most of their time engaged in for-profit criminal activities, such as drug sales and burglaries.
Incidental to their criminal activity, they commit hate crimes.
The San Fernando Valley Peckerwoods (SVP) in California was a criminally motivated skinhead group.
SVP members primarily sold meth-amphetamines and committed residential burglaries. Periodically, SVP members attacked minorities with weapons and, on one occasion, placed packages resembling bombs near an apartment complex where African-Americans lived.
Members intended for the fake bombs to frighten current residents to relocate and to discourage other African-American families from moving into the complex.
Conversely, hate-motivated skinhead groups dedicate the majority of their time to hate crimes.
Incidental to hate crimes, these hard-core skinheads commit petty thefts or sell small amounts
of narcotics to support daily needs, such as food, cigarettes, and alcohol and other drugs.
The Nazi Low Riders (NLR) skinhead group located in Lancaster, California, exemplifies a
hate-motivated skinhead group.
At one time, NLR members spent their time prowling the streets of Lancaster looking for minorities
The NLR matured to the point where their members routinely beat and stabbed minorities, and, in one
instance, murdered an African-American.
Haters cannot stop hating without exposing their personal insecurities.
For example, at the onset of the FBI investigation, FBI authorities told hard-core members of the NLR
that they would arrest them if their hate violence continued; yet, the hate violence persisted.
The FBI similarly warned the members of the SVP who, however, stopped or were more surreptitious
concerning criminal activities, and their hate violence ceased.
Criminally motivated skinheads identified themselves as criminals first and haters second.
They also expressed a degree of personal security in their status as criminals.
The criminally motivated skinheads possess a certain sense of self-worth; hence, they have less insecurity.
However, this was not the case with hate-motivated skinheads.
The explanation by one 15-year-old NLR member typified the thought process of hate-motivated skinheads.
He said, in effect, “I dropped out of school in the eighth grade, but I stopped learning midway through the
sixth grade. I covered my body with hate tattoos. I couldn’t get a good job if I wanted to. No one would hire
me. Once, I tried to get a job at a fast food restaurant, but the manager refused to hire me because the
restaurant served multiracial customers. If I quit being a skinhead, I have nothing. I am nothing. I have no
choice but to be a skinhead. I expect to die a young, violent death.”
Skinheads converge, get drunk, take drugs, and, at some point, spontaneously seek out hate targets
They conduct little, if any, planning before committing hate crimes.
One hate-motivated skinhead put it best when he stated, “We don’t look for trouble but somehow
trouble always finds us, and we’re ready to deal with it when it comes.”
The Hate Model
Stage 1: The Haters Gather
Irrational haters seldom hate alone.
They feel compelled, almost driven, to entreat others to hate as they do.
Peer validation bolsters a sense of self-worth and, at the same time, prevents introspection, which reveals personal insecurities.
Individuals otherwise ineffective become empowered when they join groups, which also provide anonymity and diminished accountability.
Stage 2: The Hate Group Defines Itself
Hate groups form identities through symbols, rituals, and mythologies, which
enhance the members’ status and, at the same time, degrade the object of their hate.
For example, skinhead groups may adopt the swastika, the iron cross, the
Confederate flag, and other supremacist symbols.
Group-specific symbols or clothing often differentiate hate groups.
Group rituals, such as hand signals and secret greetings, further fortify members.
Hate groups, especially skinhead groups, usually incorporate some form of
self-sacrifice, which allows haters to willingly jeopardize their well-being
for the greater good of the cause.
Giving one’s life to a cause provides the ultimate sense of value and worth to life.
Skinheads often see themselves as soldiers in a race war.
The Hate Model
Stage 3: The Hate Group
Disparages the Target
Hate is the glue that binds haters to one another and to a common cause.
By verbally debasing the object of their hate, haters enhance their self-image, as well as their group status.
In skinhead groups, racist song lyrics and hate literature provide an environment wherein hate flourishes.
The Hate Model
Stage 4: The Hate Group
Taunts the Target
Hate, by its nature, changes incrementally.
Time cools the fire of hate, thus forcing the hater to look inward.
To avoid introspection, haters use ever-increasing degrees of rhetoric and violence to maintain high levels of agitation.
Taunts and offensive gestures serve this purpose.
In this stage, skinheads typically shout racial slurs from moving cars or from afar.
Nazi salutes and other hand signals often accompany racial epithets.
Racist graffiti also begins to appear in areas where skinheads loiter.
Most skinhead groups claim turf proximate to the neighborhoods
in which they live.
The Hate Model
Stage 5: The Hate Group Attacks
the Target Without Weapons
Hate groups become more aggressive in this stage, prowling their turf
seeking vulnerable targets.
Violence blends hate groups and further isolates them from mainstream society.
Skinheads, almost without exception, attack in groups and target single victims.
In addition to physical violence, the element of thrill seeking is introduced in
60 percent of hate offenders were “thrill seekers.”
The adrenaline “high” intoxicates the attackers.
The initial adrenaline surge lasts for several minutes; however, the effects of
adrenaline keep the body in a state of heightened alert for up to several days.
Each successive anger-provoking thought or action builds on residual
adrenaline and triggers a more violent response than the one that originally
initiated the sequence.
Anger builds on anger.
The adrenaline high combined with hate becomes a deadly combination.
Hard-core skinheads keep themselves at a level where the slightest
provocation triggers aggression.
The Hate Model
Stage 6: The Hate Group
Attacks the Target with Weapons
A large number of bias attacks involve weapons.
Some attackers use firearms to commit hate crimes, but skinheads prefer weapons, such as broken bottles, baseball bats, blunt objects, screwdrivers, and belt buckles.
These types of weapons require the attacker to be close to the victim, which further demonstrates the depth of personal anger.
Attackers can discharge firearms at a distance, thus precluding personal contact.
Close-in onslaughts require the assailants to see their victims eye-to-eye and to become bloodied during the assault.
Hands-on violence allows skinheads to express their hate in a way a gun cannot.
Personal contact empowers and fulfills a deep-seated need to have dominance over others.
The Hate Model
Stage 7: The Hate Group Destroys the Target
The ultimate goal of haters is to destroy the object of their hate.
Mastery over life and death imbues the hater with godlike power and omnipotence, which, in turn, facilitate further acts of violence.
With this power comes a great sense of self-worth and value, the very qualities haters lack. However, in reality, hate physically and psychologically destroys both the hater and the hated.
Skinheads are not all racists and can be divided into both racist and non-racist subgroups. The racist skinheads advocate white supremacy but the non-racist skinheads have a multiracial membership. They are rivals and often engage in violent confrontations.
There are a number of different "types" of skinhead falling into three main categories suggested by common usage.
1. Traditional (Trad), Trojan Skinheads (after the Trojan Records label), or Original Skins - Unlike the other categories, traditional skinheads do not regard attitudes toward racism as central to the subculture. Instead, they identify with the original skinhead movement ("The Spirit of 69") in music, style, culture and working class pride.
2. Nazi-Skinheads (Neo-Nazi Skins, sometimes called White Power or Boneheads) - Racist and highly political. Despite the common moniker, some racist skinheads have no connection to Nazism. The White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan was considered the most militant as well as the most violent Ku Klux Klan in history. The White Knights were responsible for many bombings, church burnings, beatings, and murders.
Throughout its existence, the KKK has lived up to its moniker "The Invisible Empire," its members hiding their faces and their deeds behind hoods and masks.
3. SHARP (Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice), Aggressively anti-racist and political. The moniker "SHARP skinheads" is commonly used for all anti-racist skinheads, even if they aren't members of a SHARP organization.
This is the name of a specific neo-Nazi skinhead organization. The many local Hammerskin chapters in the U.S. and abroad are united by an ideology that focuses on white pride and white power music. Crossed hammers are the basic component in the group’s symbol, which is adapted and localized for each chapter. The hammers are often placed on a background that represents the area where the chapter is located, such as a national flag. HFFH stands for "Hammerskins forever, forever Hammerskins."
Alludes to the Aryan or White Power Fist. The letters "S-K-I-N" tattooed on the fingers is currently popular among racist skinheads.
The swastika was adopted by Germany’s Nazi Party. Prior to the Nazis co-opting this symbol, it was known as a good luck symbol and was used by various religious groups. Hitler made the Nazi swastika unique to his party by reversing the normal direction of the symbol so that it appeared to spin clockwise. Today, it is widely used, in various incarnations, by Neo-Nazis, racist skinheads and other white supremacist groups
Lightning bolts-The symbol is frequently seen in Neo-Nazi tattoos and graffiti and characterizes the beliefs of Neo-Nazis and racist skinheads- violence, anti-Semitism, white supremacy and fascism
Odins cross- This is one of the most popular symbols for Neo-Nazis and white supremacists. First popularized by the Ku Klux Klan, the symbol was later adopted by the National Front in England and other racists to represent international "white pride."
Tattoos are common appearing on the face, neck, and inside of the lips
The swastika tattoo was a very significant symbol.
These groups resembled other gangs in that they identified with
Sometimes they marked parks as their turf and used graffiti “tags” to identify themselves.
Skinhead graffiti is similar to that of other gangs, with the addition or racial and political orientation.
This numeral represents the
phrase "14 words," the number
of words in an expression that has become the battle cry and rallying slogan for the white supremacist movement: "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children."
The eighth letter of the alphabet is "H." Eight two times signifies "HH, " shorthand for the Nazi greeting, "Heil Hitler."
The first letter of the alphabet is A; the eighth letter of the alphabet is H. Thus, 1 plus 8, or 18, equals AH, an abbreviation for Adolf Hitler.
Thirty-three is 3 times 11. Since the
eleventh letter of the alphabet is K, three Ks
signify KKK or Ku Klux Klan. The "6" signifies the sixth or current era of the Klan. 33/6 is also used as a greeting by Klan members.
KKK for 3 times 11 since the 11th letter of the alphabet is K
short for brother
a term used for getting into a fight
refers to an attack on
Keeping the faith:
a term for a nights out looking for
someone to attack
a term used to remind ones friend to remain loyal to the movement
a note passed among prisoners
a term for control or power over something
a skinhead way of saying hello or goodbye
refers to a person that is of no use
Making your bones:
this is when you kill someone
to get into the gang
a term for a white female who dates
someone who wants to be a skinhead
but still needs to prove his self
originated among working class in London, England and spread to the UK and later to other countries
In the late 1950s the
post-war economic boom led to an increase in disposable income among many young people.
skinhead culture became so popular around 1969
In the 1970s skinheads started to fade from popular culture, and some of the original skins dropped into new categories
Rude boy Jamaica, “rudeboys” were gaining recognition. Rudeboys were seen as unruly youth who dressed in suits, listened to reggae, and were notorious for their no-nonsense stance in handling anyone who got in their way. Reggae was a rage that reached far beyond Jamaica, and was becoming very popular in Britain, mainly in mod circles. By the mid to late 60’s, many reggae artists migrated to Britain to take advantage of the prosperous market amongst the white working class kids there.
With the new clash of subcultures in Britain, black and white unity was inevitable. White British youth, mainly longshoreman, had to shave or close-crop their heads to prevent lice infestation from handling international freight while the Jamaican immigrants were forced to do the same by immigration officials because their dreadlocks were matted with a mixture containing animal manure. The two groups peacefully intermingled in traditional pubs and modern discos that played reggae and ska. A newer group of individuals arose out of the urban working class who were looking for a tougher image to represent their evolving socio-political views; one more aggressive than the mods were representing. These were the first skinheads. With shorter cropped hair (an advantage in a fight) than mods and passions that included football, reggae, and working class values, skinheads were the perfect hybrid of the two groups. A skinhead did not take shit from anyone, they stood firm on their stance on racial unity and working class pride.
1972 the Punk Skinheads- steel toed boots, blue jeans that were rolled up so the
boot is exposed, suspenders (often the colors that matched their shoelaces), swastika
tattoo, military flight jackets with personalized graffiti, short-cropped hair or shaven head,
and white polo shirts, and the girls wore skirts.
The shaven head was a strong statement to the “hippies”- a sort of in your face protest.
Female skinheads had feathercuts also known as a Chelsea in North America. A feathercut is short on the crown, with fringes at the front, back and sides. Some female skinheads have a shorter punk-style version of the hairstyle. Chelsea originally referred to the girlfriend of a skinhead but has since come to refer to female skinheads in their own right.
If a skinhead boot has been scuffed on the steel tip, he is considered to be tough. The more scuffs on his boot, the tougher he is considered to be.
Skinheads attach significance to the color of their shoe laces and braces using them to advertise their beliefs and affiliations. If he wears white laces in his boot, this means that he withholds white pride while red laces signify hatred for the police or a claim that he has killed a police officer. Red laces show that a skin has drawn serious blood or has murdered. Yellow laces symbolize anarchy. Often the colors of their laces match the color of their braces
If one is seen with the suspenders down this means he is ready to fight. A skinhead with their
braces up means he is neutral or not at war.
Both racist and non-racist skinheads
use specific symbols to identify themselves
with their own subculture, and to help them feel
that they are part of a self-recognized community. Some of these symbols focus on the traditional "look" of skinheads; others glorify the violent
culture often associated with skinheads. Still
others are specific logos of the white
supremacist groups many Neo-Nazi
This symbol is one of the older, more traditional skinhead symbols. Both Neo-Nazi and anti-racist skinheads use the symbol to symbolize the plight of the working class. They also have used it as a threatening message to one another. SHARPs (SkinHeads Against Racial Prejudice) have distributed literature containing the symbol in order to express the difficulties they confront when they are confused with Neo-Nazi skinheads. In some cases, when used as a tattoo, it can also signify that an individual has either served time in prison or committed a murder.
a white person who associates
a person in charge
a skinhead term for blacks
high on crystal meth
1. Preventing race mixing
2. Belief in the superiority of the white race
4. Expounding working class values
5. Eliminating immigration
6. Elimination illegal drug use
Purpose of the movement was to preserve the supremacy of the white race by: