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Transcript of Instructional-Design Theory
What is ID Theory?
"An instructional-design theory is a theory that offers explicit guidance on how to better help people learn and develop."
Design-oriented (how to achieve a set of goals)
Identifies methods of instruction and situations they apply to (which means there are situations where it may not apply)
Probablistic rather than deterministic
Values play a role in the design
Let's look at each of these...
Reigeluth, C., (1999). What is instructional-design theory and how is it changing. In C. Reigeluth (Eds.), Instructional-design theories and models: A new paradigm of instructional theory (5 - 29). USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Design Oriented is
Very different from descriptive theories
Prescriptive in nature as guidelines to practitioners
Not deterministic or positivistic
Preferability versus validity
...everything looks like a nail, but methods and situations are understood with care considering:
The nature of what is to be learned
The nature of the learner
The nature of the learning environment
The nature of instructional development constraints
Methods and Situations
Think of instructional design theory as probablistic, not deterministic. It:
Does not guarantee; only increases the probability of achieving outcomes because it is...
Goal oriented; attaining the highest probability of the desired results.
Values help to decide what goals to pursue and how.
What an ID Theory is NOT
If all you have is a hammer...
Are an important part of instructional-design theory. Values:
The morning calm of Smithville Lake.
Analyze the instructional situation and identify or design the most appropriate instructional methods.
Make design decisions informed by learning theory and within the technology framework.
It is not a learning theory...
...but it is informed by learning theories to help us understand how people learn in given situations.
It is not a process...
...Instructional-design theory is concerned with what the design should be. Other organizational and local processes help us get there.
It is not a curriculum theory...
...which plays an important role on what to teach. ID Theory is concerned with how to teach.