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Transcript of Medieval Times!
Homes and Living and conditions
-Most homes were built of wood, some were built of brick or stone.
-They could be up to 4 stories tall and were often very narrow.
-Some poor people might only have one room, in which they cooked, ate and slept.
-The houses floors were strewn with rushes, straw or on special occasions herbs and wild flowers.
-Most roofs were made of thatched which caught on fire very often.
-In 1221, there was a law that passed prohibiting the use of thatch
- Peasant homes ranged from a tiny one room cottage to high ceiling long houses divided into four or five sections.
-They usually only had one window which had shutters but no glass.
- They had no bathrooms. Some went far away from there houses, others dug a whole in their yard and went in there.
-Worn on the head, the wrap up was made of white linen.
-Wealthy people wore gold nets over their braids, instead of a wrap up.
-Women would usually wear a woolen kirtle, that was kind of like a dress.
-A leather purse serves as a pocket.
-On their feet, they wore stoking up to their knees.
-Buckled leather shoes with thin soles were worn over the stockings.
-They had little furniture
- They had meals at a trestle table- a board laid over supports- which they had to take down every night
- They also had no beds, they slept on thin, straw-filled mattress on the floor.
- The village house were often rebuilt every thirty to forty years due to them sag cause of the wood or the fires
- there were no chimneys, just a stone hearth in the center of the room
- wood began to sag, sometimes leaned so badly the top of the house on opposites sides of a street almost touched
-Peasants usually wore a straw hat to protect their head on hot days while working in the field.
-On their body they wore a brown wool jacket lined with linen.
-Underneath that they wore a white linen shirt.
-Peasants also wore a cheap pewter badge for good luck.
-A leather flask, also known as a costrel, was used for carrying ale into the fields.
-On their feet, they wore leather working boots.
Upper class Entertainment
- There were many occupations in the medieval times. Some of them were:
- Clergy: Was some one who cared for someones souls
-Nobles: Were to govern others and dispense justices, providing safe life on their land
- Specialists: People who have developed special skills like armorer, baker, gold smith, medicine ,etc
- Serf: Like a peasant but they have to live on the lords land and they can not move away
Upper class people played indoor games and had many types of entertainment such as ...
Chess was widely known around the 12 century
Checkers was played all the time during any spare time
Dancing was a fun activity that higher class people in the middle ages did a lot during party's and balls
-On their heads, soldiers would wear what's called a 'shallet.'
-On their armor, they would have chain splints to keep swords from slicing through their arm.
-Gauntlets were worn on the wrists and hands to protect them as well.
-Worn inside the gauntlet, was a sheepskin mitten
- When a noble boy is seven years old he is sent to another noble family to serve as a page
- Black smith : Makes and repairs iron objects
-Cobbler: Makes and repairs shoes and other leather goods for ordinary people
- Pope: Head of the church, has more power than any king, second only to god
Lower class entertainment
Lower class people played more outdoor games such as ...
-They would have a small fist shield for punching.
-But for hand to hand combat, they would have a single handed sword.
Hockey was played with wooden sticks.
Stick ball now a days is known as Baseball or softball.
Soccer was a popular game played among children.
Kings & Queens
-The kings and queens clothes were comfortable and stylish, at the time.
-Their outfits were usually bright, colorful and vibrant.
-Royalty was usually found wearing longer clothes, because this symbolizes reign over the social structure.
-For women, the pointier the shoe, the more important the woman.
-Kings actually really cared about clothes and how they looked. This was because they liked to intimidate the lower class, to make sure they know that their in charge.
-Peasants generally bathed once a week,if their lucky. And when they bathed, it was most likely to be in a public bath. One very big problem with these was that when your in the bath, a thief might steal your stuff.
-With barely bathing once a week, their was lots of bedbugs, lice and fleas crawling around in peoples homes.
-If you owned any animals during these times, it was most likely at night you would bring them into your home so no one would steal them, or no other animals would eat them.
-The streets were unpaved, muddy, smelly and foul.
There were many out door sports that people played in the middle ages these are just a few
- Colf (Golf)
- Gameball (football)
- hammer throw
- Skittles (Handball)
-On their heads, they wore what was called a 'borrelais' hat, which was derived from a hood that was worn the wrong way.
-As for accessories, they had a decorated leather purse and their very own personal eating knife.
-On their body, they would wear a fine woolen coat made with a large amount of material top show a sign of wealth.
-The guild master would also wear a codpiece, known today as the fly, and it became popular after the 1450's.
-On their feet they would wear expensive mid-calf leather boots.
- Bishop: Had lands and proper from the king.
- barber: Cut hairs and bodies: shave beard, pull teethe, set broken bones or bled the patine.
- Bathhouse attendant: carried hot water from the well to the wooden.They would soap and massage their customers, shampoo their hair, and offer extras such as manicures and deodorants
They skated when the lake froze over in the winter
torturer: was a person who caused physical pain, usually in order to force someone to say or do something
vassal: a free man who held land form a lord to whom he paid homage
bailiff: a person of some importance who under took the management of manors.
Homes for the Rich
Travel from one village to another using
horse carriages. When they arrived in a village they would set up little booths for selling items such as Foods clothing and good from across the lands. Trouvadours were hated by Lords and lady's Kings and Queens all over the lands for taking their business.
-Castles were very different from the homes of the peasants.
-Lords, ladies and very wealthy people lived in castles.
-They were built up high, on top of hills.
-Castes are huge, and took my years to construct.
-Castles were most commonly built from 1100's-1500's.
-Most castles had very high protection, and they were built to keep out enemies.
-Castles were originally made of wood, but they were too easy to burn down. So they started to make them out of stone.
-A moat usually surrounded medieval castles, accompanied by a drawbridge to get over to the land.
Types of Food
Milk from sheep, goats, cows,and etc were all from white meats.
Servants made the dough thick, and the other hard cheese was made out of the milk left.
Some castles kept honey bees
Honey was usually used to sweeten foods and drinks.
It was also popular for ingredients in mead which was a strong alcoholic drink.
Castles often kept a small amount of food in the the storage for the whole year.
But when the king came to visit, the servant would start getting commands to fill the storage with sides of salty baron, and heavy sacks of grain and flour.
The steward would also check on the old supplies to check if they were in bad condition, or check on the wine if it was sour or not.
Castles also had a person called a pantler who would look after the supplies in the bread storage area.
The problems with keeping food fresh was that the castle walls were cool because of the walls being stone.
So they would just take the meat and heavily salt it or smoke to keep it last through out the winter.
They also dried vegetables to also keep it last through out the winter.
Special Jobs For Food
They had jobs for their own importance.
The butler took care of the castle's supplies of wine, and made sure the servants kept cleaned the table cloths and napkins.
The both jobs were done by nobleman who were chosen by the lord.
Also another important job was the steward and the pantler.
The Stewards job for the food was to check on the supplies, and check if they were in good or bad condition.
The pantlers job was basically the same as the stewards, but to check on the bread supplies only.
What areas the lords had for food
Larger castles had their own variety of areas to keep their food.
Also they had places to grow their food like fishponds, orchards, and vineyards as well as gardens which had vegetable and herbs.
The farm animals such as cattle ,sheep, and pigs were kept around surrounding farmlands.
The lord would also have hunting parties that brought back deer, wild boar, and pheasant for special feasts.
When the lord was not present, the kitchen was really quiet and didn't have lot of work going on in the kitchen.
The constable might eat alone in his room when the king was gone.
But, when the king was present the kitchen was filled with work.
The cooks would start chopping vegetables, and doing other cooking work.
The worst jobs in the kitchen were done by young boys called scullions.
The jobs they would do were cleaning the cauldron, or fetching water from the well.
What They Ate
Rich People Ate
Meats are roasted on spits over fires, such as deer meat which is called venison, chicken and goose.
In winter they salted meat, often in a stew.
Poor People Ate
The poor people ate a kind of stew called pottage made from peas, beans, and onions that they grew.
The sweets they ate were from forests like berries, nuts, and honey.
The Great Hall
The rich people dined in the great hall.
The lord and the older relatives sat at a higher table, where the servants awaited for them.
The lower rank and the children sat at a smaller tables.
The servants would set all the eating materials like spoons, cups, knives, but except for forks.
The rich people ate from pewter or silver plates and drank from goblets.
Food In The Medieval Times
Feats were prepared outside or in the houses.
Many servants would prepare for the feast.
Meals could include 10 or more meals, maybe even up to 100 or more meals.
The people also drank beer, cider, and wine.
Taking baths was not an everyday thing in the middle ages, a bath only occurred before special occasions.
Monks took baths twice a year at Christmas and Easter.
There were only about 6-8 doctors from 1272-1274 but they were at least 38 people known for practicing medicine illegally.
Dental was used in the middle ages only a bad tooth was pulled without painkillers.
People in the middle ages believed that diseases where spread from odors.
Health conditions weren't as curable in the middle ages do to the limited doctors in the world.