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Acquiring knowledge for L2 use

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Dannita Herrera

on 24 April 2015

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Transcript of Acquiring knowledge for L2 use

Acquiring knowledge for L2 use
Academic and Interpersonal Experience
According to the interest of the learning of l2 we have:


Academic Competence

Interpersonal Competence
Receptive Activities
Productive Activities
Competence and Use
Communicative competence

Linguistic competence
Encyclopedic cultural knowledge

Pragmatic competence




When you are learning a new language, you are using techniques that you acquired while learning your L1.
Written Oral

Receptive Reading Listening

Productive Writing Speaking
Classification of activities involving language use
Components of Language Knowledge
Language can be divided into 6 components
Vocabulary
Lexicon
There is a specific amount of basic vocabulary that has to be learned, but it grows depending on your goal.
Academic Competence: technical terms
Interpersonal Competence:
- Interactional
-Transactional
For effective use of context for vocabulary learning:

-Linguistic knowledge
-World knowledge
-Strategic knowledge

Morphology
word structure
Important for
Vocabulary development
and
Grammatical accuracy
Inflectional Morphology
Phonology
sound system
It is not that necessary for Academic purposes, but it is for Interpersonal ones.

Critical Period Hypothesis

Convergence distinction
Divergent distinction
New phonemes
Similar phonemes

L2 learners tend to perceive pronunciation
with their L1 phonemes, because
it had already been established







Syntax
grammar
Every language has specific limits and requirements on the possible orders and arrangements of the elements that conform sentences.
S + V+ O
V + S + O
In English
Non-Verbal Structures
Corporal language

It is really common among L2 learners
Discourse
Ways to connect sentences and organize information; uses all linguistic resources for creating cohesion, and unification (indicators and logical connectors).

Sequential indicators
Genres:
Academic and Interpersonal
Contrastive Rhetoric
Conventional features

Hi!
My
Self
myself
TOP- DOWN
Culture Knowledge
Content
Context
TEXT
Vocabulary
Morphology
Phonology
Syntax
Discourse Structure
Language knowledge
Bottom-up
Reading
One of the most important activities for learning L2

Types of knowledge involved:
1.Automatic Recognition
2.Vocabulary and structural knowledge
3.Formal discourse structural knowledge
4.Content/word background knowledge
5.Synthesis and evaluation processes
6.Metacognitive knowledge and comprehension monitoring

Functions for reading in academic test:
-To find information
-To general understanding
-To learn
-To critique and evaluate
Beginning L2 reading
Academic reading
Listening
Reciprocal
general listening
Non-reciprocal
selective listening
Beginning Listening
Academic Listening
Writing
It is really important for academic purposes; and it is the most dependent on of Linguistic Knowledge
Beginning L2 Writing
Academic Writing
Speaking
Reciprocal
Non-reciprocal
-Speech Acts
-Knowledge of Conversational structure
-Knowledge of Contextualization clues
-Knowledge of Communication Strategies
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