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Transcript of Judaism
Judaism: The Hall of Tradition
By:Kayla, Alisha, and Daniel
Judaism is a religious tradition dating all the way back to nearly 4000 years ago, in Canaan(present day Israel and Palestine).
Jews can trace their origins back to the Patriarchs of Judaism who were Abraham, Issac, and Jacob.
Even though it was formed in 4000 CE, it did not emerged until the 1st century.
Currently there are about 14 million Jews residing in the world.
Chronology of Judaism
Judaism began in Canaan in 2000 b.c, which is now today known as Israel.In the world today there are 8-14 million jews. Over 6million are in the U.S. Israel hovering around 6 million, then France, the United Kingdom, Russia, Argentina, Germany, Australia, and Brazil are third to tenth. Judaism is the Twelfth major world religion in the world. The numbers of this religion are declining though. This has been hastened by the Holocaust near the mid twentieth century.
Branches and The Star of David.
There are seven branches of Judaism, Conservative, liberal, Orthodox, Reform, modern orthodox, Humanistic, and reconstruction. Modern and reconstruction are at 33% of members in the U.S. Conservative and secular are tied at 4.5 million, reform 3.75 million, and Orthodox at 2 million.
The Star of David was used in the holocaust to identify the jews. It was also used as an ornament, decoration, prayer, and their faith.
Sacred Jewish Art
Sacred Jewish art includes: Old Testament tabernacles, mosaics, paintings, jewelry and religious objects, all of which have remained important in the Jewish faith since the first century.
Jewelry & Religious Objects
Bazalel, a biblical hero to the Jews, was the Jewish artisan appointed specifically by God to build the Tabernacle.
This is known as one of the earliest works of Jewish art.
What is Judaism?
Judaism is a tradition in the religious, ethical, social laws as they are articulated in the Torah which are the first five books of the Hebrew Bible.
Jews refer to the Bible as the Tanakh which is a short acronym for the Torah, Prophets and the Writings.
Jews are often known for their mosaics, and they've been practiced since the ancient days when God gave them inspiration of what images to capture.
These mosaics are often sacred and displayed in Tabernacles.
Jewish folk art has been around as long as the religion itself. Only recently, however, did artisans actually go to school and learn the trade professionally.
"At first glance, any work of 'folk art' may at first seem childish or naïve; what makes it great art is that at second glance, the art reveals depth and substance."
Jewish jewelry is a combination of culture and traditional fashion.
Each piece is religious and symbolic.
Religious objects serve solely for religious purposes and also have biblical and historical meanings
Jewelry & Religious Objects
Judaism is a monotheistic religion. (Believes in one omnipresent God.)
Each Jew connects with God differently, each person's walk through Judaism is unique and personal.
God is seen as powerful and mysterious, but they seek to become closer and gain understanding by studying the Torah, Bible and other religious books.
Life & The Afterlife
While Jews do prefer to focus on the life lived on this Earth, they do believe in an afterlife.
The idea of a "dwelling" during the afterlife leaves a great deal of room for personal opinion, there is no right or wrong concept.
Afterlife is often envisioned similarly to the "Christian heaven" or some believe in the reincarnation of lives and beings.
Marriage & Society
The ideal Jewish marriage first involves finding a "bashert" or "soul mate."
Sometimes, however, if the "bashert" does not turn out to be the right one, divorce and remarriage is permitted.
Each Jew has the right to create a meaningful Jewish lifestyle free from supernatural authority and imposed tradition.
The goal of life is personal dignity and self-esteem.
The secular roots of Jewish life are as important as the religious ones.
Jews believed that there was only one God with whom they shared a covenant.
For all the good that the Almighty God has done for the Israelite, Jews keep God's Laws and use it in every aspect of their lives to venerate Him.