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Bombay as the city of dreams – the world of cinema and cultu

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Abhirami Krishna

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Bombay as the city of dreams – the world of cinema and cultu

Film industry durnig the 90’s
Two significant changes happened at that time; one led by the producer fraternity and the other led by exhibitor fraternity; which changed the face of the Indian film industry
One of the leading production houses called Rajshri Pictures; known for ‘clean family entertainers’ produced a gem of movie which tugged at the hearts of a billion Indians; the film did not feature any ‘star’ actors; had good production values, story line, screenplay and music and was an instant hit.

Indian film industries in the 80’S
For the Indian film industry, the 1980s was a decade in which anything was accepted by the audience: a movie that introduced a Pakistani singer, a patriotic film, an art movie, a man who turns invisible and more.
For eg: one of the most popular Hindi movie ‘Qurbani’ (meaning sacrifice),the songs of the film were produced by a pakistani female singer, Nazia Hassan.
The eighties were a period of electronics – the threat posed by and videos were tremendous in terms of losses to the film industry.
Some of the famous films of this era are: Naseeb, chashme badoor, silsila etc.

Film industry during the 70's
Bombay undeniably is the talent magnet especially for the factual and lesser known India, of not just the ‘Conformist Professional’ category but also of masters in ‘Performing Arts’. First Day/First Show at Bombay and just looking at the audience at Prithvi Theatre makes you realize what power this city has, to capture talent from far & wide. Yes the Monologue Play was commendable too.
The 70s completely changed the way films were made, especially in Hindi film industry. Changing social norms and changing economies influenced movies and the companies that made them. The narrative style changed. The story structure changed. Characters changed. Content changed. Masala films were the demand of the time. The genre promised instant attraction and had great entertainment value.
When did the Bombay film industry make its first film appearance?

Harishchandra Sakharam Bhatwadekar shot a scene of a wrestling match in Bombay’s Hanging Gardens and it became India’s first movie in 1986. Soon after, Dadasaheb Phalke made Raja Harishchandra (1913). After that, there was no turning back. By 1925, Bombay had become India’s film capital, producing film for a national audience. The amount of money invested in about 50 Indian films in 1947 was Rs 756 million. By 1987, the film industry employed 520,000 people.
Most of the people in the film industry were themselves migrants who came from cities like Lahore, Calcutta, Madras and contributed to the national character of the industry. Those who come from Lahore, then in Punjab, were especially important for the development of the Hindi film industry . Many famous writers, like Ismat Chughtai and Saadat Hasan Manto, were associated with Hindi cinema.
Bombay films have contributed in a big way to produce an image of the city as a blend of dreams and reality, of slums and star bungalows.

Film Industries during the 60’S
The mood of the Sixties was romantic. If the Fifties were about social and economic change, the next decade was awash with emotion. It was also a time of technical innovation with sound and light. A century ago, on 3rd May 1913, the legendary Dhundiraj Govind Phalke lovingly known as Dadasaheb Phalke, released India’s first and foremost epochal film Raja Harishchandra. Back then, neither the pioneer movie maker who later was sobriquet as the father of Indian cinema nor the exhibitors realized that this film would be the beginning of a revolutionary mass media entertainment which would embrace lakhs in sway for the subsequent 100 years.
Film industry during the 50's
Many bombay films deal with the arrival in the city of new migrants,and their encounters with the real pressures of daily life,.
After independence from British rule, the desire to domesticate cosmopolitan Bombay within a marathi social and linguistic framework was strongly expressed in the 1950s
Some popular songs from the bombay film industry speak of the contradictory aspects of the city.
n the film CID (1956) the hero’s buddy sings, ‘Ai dil hai mushkil jeena yahan; zara hatke zara bachke,ye hai bambai meri jaan….
A slightly more disillusioned voice sings in guest house (1959):’jiska juta usika sar,dil hai chota bada shabar, are vah re vah teri Bambai…
Many Bombay films deal with the arrival in city of new migrants, and their encounters with the real pressures of daily life. Some popular songs from the Bombay film industry speak of the contradictory aspects of the city.
Bombay as the city of dreams –the world of cinema and culture
This movie was released in only a handful of cinema halls with good infrastructure; with an offer to release in more cinemas if they improved their infrastructure – sound system, seating and air conditioning.

Limited release also helped the producers keep control over piracy. This movie ensured two things –

a) Family audiences started coming back to the theatres realizing
movie viewing was not the same as watching a video at home
b) Every major city in India had at least one theatre with Dolby SR, cushioned push back seating and air
Mintute Test:
When was India's first movie was released in the year?
Who released India's first and foremost epochal Raja Harishchandra?
Some famous writer associated with hindi cinema?
From which year did the indian cinema started progressing?
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