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maggie welch

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Confucianism

a. What is the point of origin?
China is the point of origin for Confucianism.
b. How did the religion/philosophy spread?
Once neo-Confucianism(sect) was created it replaced Buddhism as the principle form of elite thought, not only in China but in Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. This happened because neo-Confucianism had more intellectual, political, and religious standing in the courts then Buddhism did and the people in the courts wanted the most order as possible.
c. Where is this tradition most influential today?
Confucianism is most influential in China, Singapore, Korea, and Japan.
d. How many followers are there worldwide?
Confucianism has 5 million followers worldwide today.
e. Is this a monotheistic or polytheistic religion?
Confucianism is neither monotheistic nor polytheistic because Confucianism is a philosophy.
f. Who is/are the main/major deity(ies)?
Confucianism doesn't have any deities because it is based on a system of ethics taught by Confucius.
g. Who founded this faith? When?
A man named Kong Qiu later called Confucius founded Confucianism in 500 B.C.
h. What do the followers call their scriptures or holy book(s)?
Analects(Lunyu), the Five Classics(Wujing), the Four Books(Sishu) are the holy books of Confucianism.
i. How is the religious leadership organized?
Confucianism has temples where academic activity takes place. The leader of the study would be a scholar- official with years of education in the classic texts culminated in a rigorous series of examinations.
j. What are the basic beliefs of the religion/ philosophy?
Confucius believed, as humans, should contrate on doing the right thing now and that heaven and afterlife were beyond human capacity to understand. Respect for fellow man is taught in this religion. One should also respect ritual, cultivate wisdom, be trustworthy, and strive to do the right thing in any situation.
k. What sects of the religion/philosophy have developed overtime?
In 220-907 C.E. Buddhism and Taoism flourished and Buddhism became the major religion of China. Some intellectuals mixed their Confucian reflection with Taoist cosmology and metaphysics, called neo-confucianism
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