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North Korea & South Korea

Physical and Cultural Geography of the Korean Peninsula

Lyla Ebadtabrizi

on 11 August 2017

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Transcript of North Korea & South Korea

Tale of Two Contrasts
A Divided Peninsula
Population Patterns on the Korean Peninsula
Korea is a peninsula that is land surrounded by water on 3 sides

The Yalu River is a natural boundary that separates North Korea from China
Ancestors of Koreans migrated from North China thousands of years ago

100 BC: China conquered northern Korea

China and Japan have fought each other in order to control the Korean Peninsula

300 AD: Koreans won their independence

1910-1945: Japan controlled the Korean Peninsula
Ancient Korea and Foreign Influences
After WWII, the northern part of Korea was controlled by the Soviet Union and the southern part of Korea was supported by the U.S.

1950: North Korea invaded South Korea
1953: Korean War ended with an armistice (No Winner)
Two Koreas: North & South
Boundary between North Korea and South Korea:
Demilitarization Zone near the 38th Parallel
Is the boundary between North Korea and South Korea artificial or natural?
What happened after World War II?
Chinese Writing
Chinese Influence on Korean Culture
What cultural influences do you see used in the architecture?
What are the cultural influences of North Korea and South Korea?
What cultural influences do you see in the Korean dresses?
People are assigned jobs and the government controls all economic decisions

Production of Military goods are more important than making consumer goods

“Closed off from society”
Communist Influence on North Korea
Korean Writing
Adopted Confucianism
(stressed social order)
Adopted Buddhism
Government of North Korea only allows art that glorifies Communism or folk tradition (inspires unity instead of individualism)
Communist Influence on North Korea
Western Influence on South Korea
Also, South Koreans want a well-educated society so they invest in building schools, funding education programs, and teach all students starting in middle school how to speak English
Christianity is the largest religion in South Korea.

31% of the people in South Korea are Christians.
People are connected to the global community through
cell phones
television and radio broadcasts.
Soccer, baseball and tennis are popular sports
South Korea has more freedoms of speech and expression.
“What you find here, you can find there.”
After WWII, both North Korea and South Korea mobilized large armies.
North Korea has nuclear weapons
North Korea: 1.1 million active military soldiers
South Korea: 687,000 active military soldiers
An Armed Society
Economy of North Korea & South Korea
Before WWII: Agricultural Economy

Today: Industrialized Economy

Lacks natural resources but is one of the most productive economies

South Korea manufactures steel, cars, ships, other heavy machinery and chemicals.
South Korea: Economy

Before WWII: Agricultural Economy

Focuses on government spending on military goods instead of consumer goods.

Large reserve of natural resources

Lacks technology

Closed off from the rest of the world causing for trading between countries very difficult

Government controls economic decisions
North Korea: Economy
Most of the people of North Korea and South Korea live along the coast or in the river valleys

South Korea occupies 45% of the Korean peninsula land area but 66% of the people

Does South Korea have a high population density or a low population density?

What about North Korea’s population density?
Seoul: largest city of South Korea and the capital city of South Korea
Pyongyang: largest city & capital city of North Korea
Full transcript