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The U.S. Constitution
Transcript of The U.S. Constitution
It creates things like the Presidency, the Congress, and the Supreme Court. The Basics The Constitution was written in 1787 by group of men that included James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington.
Before it became law, it had to be approved by the thirteen original states. History To make it possible to change the Constitution, the original writers added an amendment process.
Amendment -- a change that can add to the Constitution or change an older part of it.
Today there are 27 amendments to the constitution. The first ten amendments are known as the Bill of Rights.
Bill of Rights -- a list of rights that belong to the people that the government is not allowed to break. The Bill of Rights The constitution sets up three main branches of government: the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judiciary.
The role of the Legislature is to make the law.
The role of the Executive is to make sure the law is carried out.
The role of the Judiciary is to interpret the law. How it all Works First Amendment -- religion, speech, press, assembly, petition
Second Amendment -- right to bare arms
Third Amendment -- quartering of troops
Fourth Amendment -- search and seizure
Fifth Amendment -- grand jury, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, due process
Sixth Amendment -- criminal prosecutions -- jury trial, right to confront and to counsel
Seventh Amendment -- common law suits -- jury trial
Eighth Amendment -- excess bail or fines, cruel and unusual punishment
Ninth Amendment -- non-enumerated rights
Tenth Amendment -- rights reserved to states