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Woodrow Wilson's Performance Report Card
Transcript of Woodrow Wilson's Performance Report Card
Report Card -Wilson put through Congress three major pieces of legislation. The first was the Underwood Act, which was a lower tariff; included in this was an increased Federal income tax. The passage of the Federal Reserve Act provided the Nation with a more flexible money supply that it desperately needed. Then in 1914 the Federal Trade Commission was established by antitrust legislation and intended to prohibit unfair business practices.
-Then in 1916 Wilson had another push of legislation. One of the new laws prohibited child labor; and another limited railroad workers to an eight-hour day.
-Wilson declared that the United States hoped "to cultivate the friendship and deserve the confidence" of the Latin American states. However, in April of 1914, Wilson ordered the Navy to occupy the port city of Veracruz.
-US Policy Grade = A
-Moral Diplomacy Grade = B
-Combined Grade = A- Commander-in-Chief -Wilson's defense policy was original that the United States should remain militarily neutral, however that soon changed after several successful attacks on the US (both at home and abroad). These attacks lead to the passing of the National Defense Act of 1916, which expanded the size of the military, the National Guard, and created the Reserve Corps.
-While Wilson was in office, he had several small incidents with Mexico, and he had to deal with WWII.
-Despite wanting to remain neutral during the war, it was inevitable that the US would enter.
-Policy Grade = A-
-Military Action Grade = A-
-Combined Grade = A- Chief Executive -Under Wilson, government ran with few bumps in the road, which allowed for him to pass important legislation on labor and taxes.
-William Jennings Bryan was a well known politician that Wilson had appointed as his Secretary of State, however after two years he resigned due to conflicting views with the president.
-Wilson was quite organized, which allowed for him to effectively persuade Congress to pass his chief legislation.
-Functional Government Grade = A
-Noted Appointees Grade = C
-Organization = A
-Combined Grade = B+ Head of State -Wilson presented himself as an intelligent man that wanted a "New Freedom", which was a social and economic renewal that was intended to promote competition.
-Wilson made no major appearances in the US, however in 1919 he traveled to Paris and then took a train directly to Rome. Along the way he was cheered on by villagers.
-Perhaps three of Wilson's most famous speeches are: Declaration of War Against Germany; Fourteen Points for Peace; and Women's Suffrage Amendment.
Presentation Grade = A-
Appearances Grade = C-
Speeches Grade = A
Combined Grade = B Chief of Party -The Democratic party did not win the midterm elections in 1914 and 1918, but rather lost a number of seats (1914: -61 House & +4 Senate; 1918: -22 House & -7 Senate).
-During Wilson's "New Freedom" campaign, he and Theodore Roosevelt engaged in fierce debates/speeches.
-Midterm Grade = C-
-Campaign Grade = A-
- Combined Grade = B- Guardian of the Economy -When Wilson entered the Oval Office, the economy was all over the place. Wealth was held by monopolies that had few regulations or taxes to worry about.
-While he was in office, Wilson had several policy initiatives that allowed for more opportunity for the lower class working men, and eventually women.
-A few of the initiatives are: Underwood-Simmons Act, a flexible money supply and banking system, & Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
-Economy Grade = B+
-Initiatives = A
-Combined Grade = A- Background Before Presidency Woodrow Wilson enrolled at Princeton in 1875 and later in 1879 he enrolled at the University of Virginia, but due to health issues he had to drop out. After recovering, he enrolled at Johns Hopkins University in the hopes of becoming a college professor. In 1890, he gained a professorship at Princeton and soon became a university president. During his time as a university president, Wilson had gained a great deal of press in New Jersey. This press lead to Wilson being offered the Democratic nomination for Governor of NJ, which he accepted and easily won the seat in 1910. Two years later he ran for and won the Presidency. Contents -Background
-Head of State
-Chief of Party
-Guardian of the Economy
-Work Cited Chief Diplomat Final Grade Final Grade = B+ -Wilson had an aggressive moral diplomacy, that resulted in the US Navy being used as a tool to overthrow the Carranza government.
-At the beginning of WWI Wilson wanted to remain neutral in the war, however after the sinking of the Lucitania by a German U-Boat this policy didn't last very long.
-After the war was over, Wilson came up with his 14 Points Plan.
-While Wilson was in office, the US was at war and therefore resulted in few events in the White House, let alone any dignitaries being hosted.
-Policy Grade = B-
-White House Events Grade = C-
-Combined Grade = C+ Questions -Famous Legislation?
-Functionality of Government?
-Presentation to the people?
-Foreign Policy? Work Cited www.millercenter.org