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Transcript of Avoiding plagiarism
Honesty: An academic community of integrity advances the quest for truth and knowledge by requiring intellectual and personal honesty in learning, teaching, research, and service.
Fairness: An academic community of integrity establishes clear standards, practices, and procedures and expects fairness in the interactions of students, faculty, and administrators.
Trust: An academic community of integrity fosters a climate of mutual trust, encourages the free exchange of ideas, and enables all to reach their highest potential.
Respect: An academic community of integrity recognizes the participatory nature of the learning process and honors and respects the work of others and the members of the learning community.
Responsibility: An academic community of integrity upholds personal accountability and depends upon action in the face of wrongdoing.
St. Edward's University Academic Integrity Policy
Understanding respectful use of source material
Avoiding plagiarism =
Citing sources in a format and style that your audience will understand
What is plagiarism?
What is self-plagiarism?
Is it common knowledge?
How do I write a paraphrase?
Keeping track of your research and ideas
What did you find out? Where did you find it? Who said what? Why is this source relevant? What other sources might you consult? How are ideas connected? What do you think about it? What questions do you have?
Create a mind map
Organize ideas spatially
Use online bibliographic tools
Keep an annotated bibliography
Keep a notebook with you at all times
Join the conversation.
Use this method when you want to use the exact words of the source text. Use direct quotes sparingly.
Use this method when you want to rephrase a paragraph or a few sentences of the source text in your own words.
Ways to Integrate Source Material with Grace and Style
Use this method when you want to refer to the main idea in a big chunk of text, such as an entire book, chapter, study, or article.
Cite in the required documentation style (for most New College courses, MLA is required).
Use sources that have integrity.
Be honest about the context of others' ideas.
Even if the paper is just for a class, you are joining the conversation.
Evaluate source ideas objectively.
Plagiarism can be intentional or unintentional. But regardless of intent, the effect is dishonesty, and the offense is serious.
Not citing ideas or words from a source
Not using quotation marks
Not putting paraphrases in your own words
According to Diana Hacker's A Writer's Reference, 6th ed. (p. 359), plagiarism is
Self-plagiarism is passing off your previous work as new—for example, reusing an assignment for another class.
While building on your previous work is acceptable and encouraged, be sure to acknowledge any work done previously. If in doubt about what is acceptable, consult with your professor.
Make sure in-text citations cross reference clearly with the Works Cited page.
Do whatever it takes to be clear about where the ideas come from.
Use signal phrases and attributions in the writing itself (not just in parenthetical citations).
Place a citation in the middle of a sentence if necessary.
But most of all
Explain your source use in the writing.
Cite as much as needed—too much is better than too little.
Plagiarism is passing off the ideas of others as your own.
Other methods of organizing research and ideas
Read the whole thing online at
How to Use NoodleBib
Does the piece of information appear in source after source?
Is the information indisputable?
Will most readers be familiar with the information?
Go ahead and cite your source(s) for the information.
You can consider the information to be common knowledge. It's not necessary to cite a source for this information.
Need more help with source use?
The SEU OWL
handouts, presentations, links to online resources
have an OWL Mentor review your paper in 48-72 hours
Ask any brief question about writing.
Online writing help
The SEU Writing Center
In-person writing help
Make appointments using online scheduler
(Sessions held in Sorin Hall)
Handouts and links to online resources
Chat with a librarian
Course- and subject-specific research guides, NoodleBib, MLA and APA style guides
And never underestimate the vast knowledge and synthesizing power of
The Purdue OWL's resources: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Good old books:
The Little Seagull Manual,
A Writer's Reference,
or whatever writing guide you have access to
To write a paraphrase, you must "close the book." You cannot write a paraphrase while referring to the source.
Paraphrase or plagiarism?
From Studwell, William.
Minor Ballet Composers.
Hoboken, NJ: Routledge. 2012. PDF file.
Be sure you understand any notes or citations in the source. Here, the corresponding note indicates that the author is paraphrasing another author, Haskell.
Not a paraphrase