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SPICESS: 7 Key Concepts of Geography
Transcript of SPICESS: 7 Key Concepts of Geography
7 key concepts
The concept of space is about the significance of location and spatial distribution and ways people organise and manage the space that they live in. A place can be described by its absolute location and relative location
The environment and human characteristics of places are influenced by their location
The concept of place is about the significance of places and what they are like. Place is often described by people's mental images and perception.
Places are parts of the Earth's surface that are identified and given meaning by people. They range in size from a part of a room or garden to a major world region. They can be described by their location, shape , boundaries , features and human characteristics.
The concepts of interconnection emphasises that no object of geographical study can be viewed in isolation
Places and people and organisations in them are interconnected with other places in a variety of ways. These interconnections have significant influences on the characteristics of places.
The concept of change is about explaining geographical phenomena by investigating how they have develop over time
Environmental change can occur over both short and long time frames
The concept of environment is about the significance of the environment in human life, and the important interrelationships between human and the environment.
The environment is the product of geological, hydrological, geomorphic, edaphic (soil), biotic and human processes.
The concept of sustainability is about the capacity of the environment to continue to support our lives and the lives of other living creatures into the future.
Sustainability is both a goal and a way of thinking about how to progress towards that goal.
The concept of scale is out the way that geographical phenomena and problems can be examined at different spatial levels. Scale can be from personal to local to regional, national, international or global.
The concept of scale helps students to explore problems and look for explanations at different levels.
Space are perceived, structured, organised and managed by people and can be designed and redesigned to achieve particular purposes
Students use the concept of space to investigate the effects of location and distance on the characteristics of places, the significance of spatial distributions and the organisation and management of spaces at different scales
Places are important to our security, identity and sense of belonging. They can provide us with the services and facilities to support and enhance our lives
The place in which we live are created, changed and managed by people.
Each place is unique in its characteristics
Students use the concept of interconnections to understand constant change
Environmental, economic, social and technological change is spatially uneven and affect places differently.
An understanding of the current processes of change can be used to predict change in the future.
The environment supports a enriches human and other life b providing raw materials and food, absorbing and recycling wastes, maintaining a safe habitats and being a source of enjoyment and inspiration.
Culture, population density, type of economy, level technology, values and environmental worldviews infuence the different ways in which people perceive, adapt to and use similar environments.
Through the concept of environment students learn about the role of the environment in supporting the physical and emotional aspects of human life, the important interrelationships between people and environments and the range if views about these interrelationships.
Progress towards environmental sustainability depends on the maintenance or restoration of the environmental functions that sustain all life and well-being (economic and social)
By Muhammed Edwars