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Food and Australian Settlement

Information about food and australian settlement
by

Cathy Wyatt

on 2 August 2010

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Transcript of Food and Australian Settlement

Food for Australia's early settlers The First Fleet arrived
in Australia on the
25th January 1788. They arrived with
2 bulls
6 cows
44 sheep
pigs
goats
poultry
salted beef and pork
grains
and a variety of food producing plants Upon arrival in Australia, the early
settlers were confronted by a landscape
and range of plants and animals that
were largely foreign to them. In many places, even fresh
water was scarce, especially
in comparison to the
rain-soaked fields of Britain and Ireland.
What do you think the main
issues would have been for the
people of the first fleet when you
examine the food they bought with them? Name some of the
animals and plants that
they would not have recognised There were some familiar animals;
wild swans,
ducks,
geese
and pigeons that were similar to their European cousins. The oceans and rivers were
full of fish and eels that were
not too dissimilar from the
European varieties. Some settlers were driven
by curiosity or necessity to
hunt and eat the native mammals. Stuffed wombat and
fried echidna were
on the menu in early
settlements in Van Diemen's
Land, as Tasmania was known in those times.
But largely, the early settlers set their hands to producing European crops and raising European herd animals for food. Over the years, they introduced
European game animals such as
deer and rabbits for hunting. What are some of the
problems that have occured
due to the introduction of
European game animals? Many of these animals thrived
in their new home and have
since become pests to Australian
farmers and environmentalists. Flour was a staple item
of the early settler's diet.
It was usually made into
bread or damper
(a dense, thick bread).

The available meat
was usually beef,
pork or mutton
(the meat of adult sheep). As there was no refrigeration,
it was usually salted or dried
to preserve it.
How does salting or drying preserve meat? Tea was the staple drink and considered a necessity, even when other items were scarce.

Salt was highly prized for flavour and for preserving meat.

The settlers brought rum with them, and the fledgling colonies soon developed the capacity to produce it themselves. Rum was such a valued commodity that it became the key currency in the early years of settlement.
But other game was
foreign and challenging
to their British tastes.
What do you already know about
the early settlers? Key Words
During this presentation record
key words about the food of the Early Settlers in your book. You should have your key
words recorded in your book.
Choose 15 - 20 of your key words
to turn into a word cloud - What's a word cloud?. . .
Full transcript