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Love Through The Ages QUOTES BY ERA

A relatively short and hopefully somewhat exhaustive summary of the key points of each of the eras within "Love Through The Ages" (AQA A-level English Literature Examination). Key historical events, people and quotes.

Daria Sviridova

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Love Through The Ages QUOTES BY ERA

Love Through The Ages
The Renaissance
Meaning "rebirth"
Passion for knowledge, reinvention, experimentation
Awakening from the long slumber of the Dark Ages
New found power and progress of England creates bold, sweeping, innovative literature
Poetry and Drama dominate literature
Influence of the English court life (need for patronage)
Creation of the printing press circa 1440 (literature no longer a rarefied, privileged domain; novelty of silent reading)
Marriage was used to create ties between families, giving power. Women were seen as possessions
Important Playwrights and Poets:
Daniel Defoe - "Robinson Crusoe",. "Moll Flanders"
Jonathan Swift - "Corinna", "Daphne"
Alexander Pope - "The Rape of The Lock"
William Blake - "Broken Love", "A Little Boy Lost"
The Enlightenment
a.k.a. The Age of Reason; new ideas, progress, egalitarianism
Golden age of satire
Scientific and industrial advances become more influential than the Church's teachings
Industrial Revolution - more reading material available to the general public
Restrictions of freedom and religious interference attacked
Critical examination of ethics, politics, and society
New genre of novel with Defoe - early 1700s
Writers, Playwrights and Poets:
William Wordsworth - "Lyrical Ballads" (1798) '[poetry is] the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings'
Edgar Allan Poe - "Annabel Lee"
Jane Austen - "Pride and Prejudice"
John Keats - selection of letters, "The Eve of St Agnes", "La Belle Dame Sans Merci"
P. Shelley - "Defence of Poetry": ' poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world', Selected poems
The Victorian Era
A transcending aspect to Victorian life was change and upheaval
"laissez-faire" attitude of the government
Widened gap between the rich and the poor
Direct address to pressing social problems - social consciousness and immediate relevancy evident in the writings of this period
Philosophy of female emancipation becomes a rallying point
Emerging importance of essayists and novelists - novel overtakes poem
Major Writers, Playwrights, Poets:
Christina Rosetti - Selected Poems
Charlotte & Emily Brontë - "Jane Eyre", "Wuthering Heights"
Oscar Wilde - "The Picture of Dorian Gray", "The Importance of Being Earnest"
Henrik Ibsen - "A Doll's House"
Thomas Hardy - "Tess of the D'Urbervilles"
The horror of World War One - upheaval and questioning of all aspects of life, brekdown of traditional values and cultural restraints
New genres of sci-fi and psychological novel (Freud)
Stream of conciousness, instability, untrustworthiness of narrator mysticism and use of symbols in literary works
A visceral reaction against the Victorian culture and aesthetic
More liberal, controversial literary works
A rejection of the single, authoritative, omniscient point of view for a narrative. The representation of the self as diverse, contradictory, ambiguous, multiple. Use instead of discontinuous fragments, "moment time," a-chronological leaps in time, contrapuntal multiple plots, open unresolved endings.
Major Playwrights and Poets:
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) - Selected Sonnets , "Hamlet", "Othello", "Romeo and Juliet", "Antony and Cleopatra" etc.
John Webster - "The Duchess of Malfi"
Edmund Spenser - "The Faerie Queene"
Aphra Behn - "The Rover"
The Romantic Era
Imagination, Creation, Dreams, Emotions, Exoticism, Supernatural (Gothic Romance), Nature
Rebellion against reason, logic and rationality - individual vs. society
Loss of rules and regulation made way for freedom of artistic expression
Radically different to the Age of Reason
Yearning for an idealized, simpler past (Industrial Revolution)
The Romantic Movement was marked by introversion and abstraction
~1650 - 1800
~1770 - 1860
~1837 - 1901
~1910 - 1965
~1965 - today
Important Writers of the Period:
Virginia Woolf - "Mrs Dalloway", "To The Lighthouse"
T.S. Eliot
W. H. Auden - "Funeral Blues"
F. Scott Fitzgerald - "The Great Gatsby"
A reaction against Romanticism
A stress on reason and positivism
A faith in the power of the artist to show reality
A literary movement seeking to depict life as accurately as possible, without artificial distortions of emotion, idealism, and literary convention.
Henry VII 1509-47; Elizabeth I 1559-1603; James I 1603-25; Charles I 1625-49; Charles II 1660-85
Anne, George I and II 1700-60; George III 1760-1820
Randomness, discontinuity and contradiction
Reflection on the writer-character-reader relationship
Struggle for identity and individualisation, an understanding of the inner self
Fragmentation, paradox, questionable narrators
Represents a break from 19th century realism, in which a story was told from an objective or omniscient point of view.
Intertextuality: the relationship between one text and another. Lack of originality and reliance on clichés.
Author is a character, blurs reality and fiction, comments on its own bookishness, plays with language, and disrupts/plays with form.
Victoria 1837-1901
George V 1910-36; George VI 1936-52
George IV 1820-37
Writers, Playwrights, Poets:
Ian McEwan - "Enduring Love", "On Chesil Beach"
Sylvia Plath - "The Bell-Jar"
Phillip Larkin - "Talking in Bed"
Carol Ann Duffy - "Before You Were Mine", "Valentine", "Anne Hathaway"
Ted Hughes - "Lovesong"
John Green - "The Fault In Our Stars"
Quotes: Renaissance
Quotes: The Enlightenment
Quotes: Romantic Era
Quotes: Victorian Era
Quotes: Modern
Quotes: Post Modern
ROMANTIC: "Thy eternal summer shall not fade"(Sonnet 18), "When he shall die,/Take him and cut him out in little stars,/And he will make the face of heaven so fine/That all the world will be in love with night/And pay no worship to the garish sun."(Romeo&Juliet)
PLATONIC: "I was his soul, he lived not but in me."(All For Love), "Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet prince,/And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest."(Hamlet)
PARENT/CHILD: "I pray thee, look thou givst my little boy/Some syrup for his cold,"(Duchess)
SEXUAL: "There is no satiety of love in thee;/Enjoyed, thou still art new."(All For Love), "Thy lodging sweetheart, thy lodging or I’m a dead man!"(The Rover)

ROMANTIC: "This day (the year I dare not tell)/Apollo play'd the midwife's part;/Into the world Corinna fell,/And he endued her with his art."(Corinna)
ROMANTIC: "I have now been married ten years. I know what it is to live entirely for and with what I love best on earth. I hold myself supremely blest—blest beyond what language can express; because I am my husband’s life as fully as he is mine."(Jane Eyre)
PARENT/CHILD: "There they are! There they are! [She runs]"(A Doll's House)
UNREQUITED: "I feel that I have given away my whole soul to someone who treats it as if it were a flower to put on his coat, a bit of decoration to charm his vanity, an ornament for a summer's day."(Dorian Gray)
SEXUAL: "I have longed for nothing but you"(A Doll's House)
LOVE OF MATERIAL THINGS: "You must do me a drawing of Sybil, I should like to have something more of her than a memory of a few kisses and some broken pathetic words."(Dorian Gray)
FORBIDDEN: "I had not intended to love him;
ROMANTIC: "We loved with a love that was more than love" (Annabel Lee)
ROMANTIC: "He was consumed with wonder at her presence"(GG)
PLATONIC: "They're a rotten crowd...you're worth the whole damn bunch thrown together."(GG) "But I have made him my friend, and now he is unique in all he world.", "You - only you - will have stars that can laugh! And when your sorrow is comforted, you will be content that you have known me. You will always be my friend. ...It will be as if, in place of stars, I have given you a great number of little bells that know how to laugh..."~(Little Prince)
PARENT/CHILD: "Then she added irrelevantly: "You ought to see the baby.", "She's asleep. She's three years old."(GG)
SELFISH/SELF-SACRIFICING: "...he stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling...a single green light, minute and far away"(GG)
SEXUAL: "Daisy comes over often - in the afternoons"(GG)
MONEY: "Her voice is full of money - that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it,...high in a white palace the king's daughter, the golden girl..."(GG)
ROMANTIC: "Hazel is different. She walks lightly, old man. She walks lightly upon the earth. ... I love her. I am so lucky to love her."(TFIOS)
FAMILIAL: "The news of the baby's death cut her down. I have never witnessed such disabling grief."(E.L.) "If you have a sister and she dies, do you stop saying you have one? Or are you always a sister, even when the other half of the equation is gone?"(My Sister's Keeper)
UNREQUITED: "I adore you. I live for you. I love you. Thank you for loving me, thank you for accepting me, thank you for recognising what I am doing for our love. Send me a new message soon, and remember - faith is joy."(E.L.)
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