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The Battle of Vicksburg
Transcript of The Battle of Vicksburg
By: Grace Bacon, Malinda Beason, Madison Johnson, Sydney Johnson, and Sami Kalman
Union & Confederacy Strengths & Weaknesses
-Had a steady supply in gunpowder, weapons, etc. from the factories
-They were unfamiliar with the land they were fighting on
-Had to triumph over a large area of land
-Lost moral along the way
Ulysses S. Grant marched the Union Army down the western side of Mississippi, crossed the river that was south of Vicksburg, and bombarded the town from the east.
Grant also captured Jackson, Mississippi to gain control.
The Union Army cut off supply lines so no essential items, like food, would enter the town.
Ulysses sent thousands of men rushing towards the Stockade Redan, a large fortress with Confederate troops inside.
A final strategy the Union used was to come up on the Confederates from behind and push them toward a river.
Role of African Americans and Women
African Americans fought alongside the white men in the Union in the Battle of Vicksburg
Confederates thought that no black men should fight in the army
African American men were included in the fighting when John C. Pemberton surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant
Many slaves from Mississippi and Tennessee were recruited by Grant to join the army in the fall of 1862 and later fought in the Battle of Vicksburg
The battle ended on July 4th, 1863
Confederate Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton surrendered his troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant
806 Union soldiers died
805 Confederate soldiers died
3,940 wounded Union soldiers
1,938 wounded Confederates
29,620 Confederate soldiers went missing or were captured
Only 164 Union soldiers went missing or were captured
Pemberton also gave Grant 50,000 rifles and 172 cannons
The Union ultimately won
Sparked hopes that the Union could win the war
Maj. Ulysses S. Grant -
He was the
leader of the Union in the Battle of Vicksburg. Grant prepared many strategies for the battle. He led the army into Mississippi with one of his strategic plans. From the point on, he held the reins.
Vicksburg is located in Warren County, Mississippi.
The actual Battle of Vicksburg spanned over two months from mid-May to early July, but the plans for it had been in action since December of 1862.
Vicksburg was key because it was a significant area for the Confederates, tempting President Lincoln and the Union to capture it.
Vicksburg was also a key area to capture because it was located on a high bluff, giving a wide visual range of areas nearby.
Ulysses S. Grant was appointed the position of leading the Union Army in the plan to take the town. He attempted five times to get a hold of Vicksburg before he finally succeeded.
The Vicksburg Campaign became one of the most successful in the Civil War.
Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton -
Pemberton was a major Confederate leader in the Battle of Vicksburg. With orders to hold the city at all costs, he threw a large amount of energy into improving defenses along the Mississippi, the fortress, and the city.
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Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
Hughes, Jonathan. "G. Union Advantages/disadvantages - Miss Rich: Civil War." G. Union Advantages/disadvantages - Miss Rich: Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.
"Maps of Vicksburg, Mississippi (1863)." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.
"Roses for Veterans Long Forgotten." Gagas Garden. N.p., 22 May 2013. Web. 09 Mar. 2015.
United States. National Park Service. "Battle Summary: Vicksburg, MS." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2015.
"Vicksburg." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
"Vicksburg Campaign." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.
"Vicksburg During the Civil War (1862-1863): A Campaign; A Siege." Vicksburg During the Civil War (1862-1863): A Campaign; A Siege. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.
Union & Confederate Geography
-Could block off the Union's gunpowder use
-Only needed to play a defense game to win
-Knew the lay of the land
-Already defended themselves for other times against Grant and succeeded
-Had a reason to keep fighting
-Had a lower population than the North
-Did not have the supplies that the North had
-Few railroads to transport troops and supplies
Most of the women that were in involved were Confederates
Southern women were confined to the city of Vicksburg when the Union came
Women tended to the injured men, and some got their first taste of the war during the battle
They took care of the children and home
The women were the initiators of the townspeople camping out in the city's hills
African American Soldier Monument in Vicksburg, Mississippi
General John C. Pemberton was recently named the head of the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana when the battle began.
The Union attacked Vicksburg on five separate times, but the South held strong on four of the attempts.
The Confederates lined their men up around the fortress to protect it.
The army advised Vicksburg civilians to leave their homes for caverns around the city's foothills.
Depiction of the Battle of Vicksburg
Popular Pictures of the Battle