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Branches of Government
Transcript of Branches of Government
Chief of State
Branches of Government
House of representatives
Must be 35 years old
Natural born citizen
14 year citizen of the United States
President & Vice President
Roles of the President
Chief of State
As the chief of state the President is the symbolic leader of the United States.
The constitution puts the president in charge of the day-to-day operations of the federal government.
Appoint judges and officers
Power to veto legislation
Insures laws are executed
Power to convene Congress
Department of the:
State- John Kerry
Treasury- Neal Wolin
Defense- Chuck Hagel
Justice- Eric H. Holder, Jr.
Interior- Kenneth L. Salazar
Agriculture- Thomas J. Vilsack
Commerce- Rebecca Blank
Labor- Seth Harris
Health and human services- Kathleen Sebelius
Urban Development- Shaun L.S. Donovan
Transportation- Ray LaHood
Energy- Steven Chu
Education- Arne Duncan
Veterans Affairs- Eric K. Shinseki
Homeland Security- Janet A. Napolitano
The president is in charge of the U.S. armed forces: the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. The president decides where troops shall be stationed, where ships shall be sent, and how weapons shall be used. All military generals and admirals take their orders from the President.
Only congress can declare war and may appropriate military funding
The Constitution makes the President the chief negotiator of treaties with foreign nations.
The senate must Approve all treaties with a 2/3 vote.
Article II of the constitution states that "The executive power shall be vested in a president of The United State of America."
Must be ready to assume the presidency in the case of:
Serves as the President of the Senate
casts the deciding vote in the case of a tie
The President is limited to two four-year terms. Until the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1951, a President could serve an unlimited number of terms. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President four times, serving from 1932 until his death in 1945; he is the only President ever to have served more than two terms.
The tradition of the Cabinet dates back to the beginnings of the Presidency itself. Established in Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, the Cabinet's role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member's respective office.
Candidate declares intention to run for office
Candidates campaign for delegates in state primaries
Primary elections, caucuses, and conventions held
National party convention chooses nominees for President & vice-president
Electoral college casts votes
United State Senate
House of representatives
United States Supreme Court
Bicameralism: composed of two legislative branches. The framers believed that the arrangement was essential for preventing strong-willed majorities from oppressing individuals or minorities.
each has its own committee structure
its own rules for considering legislation
its own record of proceeding
its own set of rules governing its members
Legislature: A group of people with the power to make or change laws
Enumerated powers: In article I of the constitution the framers provided specific powers to the legislative branch.
To lay and collect taxes
The power to borrow and coin money
Build post offices and postal roads
Establish the lower courts of the feradl judiciary (every court below the supreme court)
Protect the nation against foreign powers by declaring war
Regulate commerce and immigration
Make all laws wich shall be necessary and proper for the carrying into execution of foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the constitution. (The elastic clause- it stretches to cover much of what congress does)
Two- year term
Elected in districts
Speaker- The presiding officer in the house. Selected by the majority.
Majority Leader- The legislative leader selected by the majority party. helps plan party strategy, tries to keep party members in line.
Minority Leader- Selected by the minority as the spokesperson
Six- year term
Elected in states
Speaker- John Boehner (R- OH)
Majority Leader- Eric Cantor (R- VA)
Minority Leader- Nancy Pelosi (D- CA)
Who is our representative?
Tom McClintock (R- CA 4th District)
Senate Majority Leader
Harry Reid (D-NV)
Senate Minority Leader
Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
Who are the our Senators?
30 years old
Citizen for 9 years
Must live in state where district is located
25 years old
Citizen for 7 years
Must live in state
Standing Committee- A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually in a policy area.
Special Interest Committee- A committee created for a specific purpose, sometimes to conduct an investigation.
Joint Committee- A committee composed of members of the House and the Senate.
All Justices are nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and hold their offices under life tenure.
Article III of the Constitution of the United States guarantees that every person accused of wrongdoing has the right to a fair trial before a competent judge and a jury of one's peers.
The federal courts interpret and apply the law to resolve disputes and to uphold the constitution.
John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States
Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice
Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice
Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice
Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice
Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice
Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice
Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice
Elena Kagan, Associate Justice
How a Bill becomes a law
The courts are divided in three levels.
Court of Appeals