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Grammar Boot Camp #3 part 1

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by

Kaley Keene

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of Grammar Boot Camp #3 part 1



Their only function is to modify nouns and pronouns. An ADJ (adjective) can be a word, phrase, or a clause. It can describe, intensify, limit, or negate. Possessive nouns and pronouns always function like ADJs. Numbers, colors, sizes, and quantities are always ADJs.
Examples
The
orange
cat is on the table.
"orange" is the ADJ modifying "cat".

There were
no
tips at the end of Maxwell's shift.
"no" is the ADJ modifying "tips".
Phrases as ADJs
Prepositional phrase: The orange cat is
behind the couch
. "behind the couch" is the phrase identifying the cat.

Present participial phrase: The obnoxious boy
banging his pens against his desk
was slapped in the back of the head by a classmate. "banging his pens" is an ADJ modifying "boy".
Past participial phrase:
Bested by her best friend's genius prank
, Anna went home to wash the paint out of her hair.
"Bested by her best friend's genius prank" is modifying "Anna".

Infinitive Phrases
(ADJ)
To get a nice body
, a person must diet and exercise. (modifies the noun "person")
(ADV) I tried
to show her a better system
. (modifies the verb "tried")
(Noun)
To be or not to be

is a good question. (Functions as the sub. of the verb "is)
Dependent clauses beginning with a relative pronoun are usually ADJs, but sometimes nouns.

ex. The ring,
which is gold
, sparkles under the sun. (modifies the noun "ring")

The man
who kept talking on his cell phone
got kicked out of the theater. (modifies the noun "man")

Not an ADJ: I think
that
we should leave now.
"That" is a relative pronoun, but the clause it's introducing is a noun, not an ADJ because it isn't modifying anything.
Adverbs
They modify verbs, ADJs, and other adverbs. Adverbs can describe, limit, enhance, or negate verbs, ADJs, and ADVs (adverbs). It can be a single word, a phrase, or a clause. Many single word ADVs are created by adding "ly" to an ADJ.


The fat cat moved
slowly
.
The girl reached over the table
aggressively
.
Grammar Boot Camp
#3, part 1
Adjectives & Adverbs

Characteristics of Adjectives
By SL. Kaley Keene
bold words are adverbs
The angry dog
growled

behind the fence. (ADV)

I see an angry
dog

behind the fence. (ADJ)
In the sentences below we see how a phrase can be either an ADJ or an ADV.
Degrees
ADJs and ADVs can describe degrees.

Words of one or two syllables such as "pretty" take an ending. Words of more than three syllables or have an "ly" must add the word "more."
Use "er" or "more" to compare two, and use "est" or "most" to compare more than two.
Never use more than one form of comparison.
continued...
Examples:
Kittens are
cuter
than puppies.
Puppies are the
cutest
.
Cats are
more intelligent
than dogs.
Dolphins are the
most intelligent
animals.
Turtles move
more slowly
than most animals.
Snails move the
most slowly
out of all the slow animals.
Special Cases!!!
"good" and "bad" do not follow the usual formula for degrees.

Good > Better > Best
Bad > Worse > Worst

In reference to health, one must say "I am
well
," instead of "I am
good
."
Degrees Chart
Base Form Comparative Form Superlative Form
Nice
Cute
Pretty
Happy
Intelligent
Arrogant
Slowly
Mean
Nicer
Cuter
Prettier
Happier
More Intelligent
More Arrogant
More Slowly
Meaner
Nicest
Cutest
Prettiest
Happiest
Most Intelligent
Most Arrogant
Most Slowly
Meanest
Try to create your own examples!
Full transcript