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Grammar Boot Camp #3 part 1
Transcript of Grammar Boot Camp #3 part 1
Their only function is to modify nouns and pronouns. An ADJ (adjective) can be a word, phrase, or a clause. It can describe, intensify, limit, or negate. Possessive nouns and pronouns always function like ADJs. Numbers, colors, sizes, and quantities are always ADJs.
cat is on the table.
"orange" is the ADJ modifying "cat".
tips at the end of Maxwell's shift.
"no" is the ADJ modifying "tips".
Phrases as ADJs
Prepositional phrase: The orange cat is
behind the couch
. "behind the couch" is the phrase identifying the cat.
Present participial phrase: The obnoxious boy
banging his pens against his desk
was slapped in the back of the head by a classmate. "banging his pens" is an ADJ modifying "boy".
Past participial phrase:
Bested by her best friend's genius prank
, Anna went home to wash the paint out of her hair.
"Bested by her best friend's genius prank" is modifying "Anna".
To get a nice body
, a person must diet and exercise. (modifies the noun "person")
(ADV) I tried
to show her a better system
. (modifies the verb "tried")
To be or not to be
is a good question. (Functions as the sub. of the verb "is)
Dependent clauses beginning with a relative pronoun are usually ADJs, but sometimes nouns.
ex. The ring,
which is gold
, sparkles under the sun. (modifies the noun "ring")
who kept talking on his cell phone
got kicked out of the theater. (modifies the noun "man")
Not an ADJ: I think
we should leave now.
"That" is a relative pronoun, but the clause it's introducing is a noun, not an ADJ because it isn't modifying anything.
They modify verbs, ADJs, and other adverbs. Adverbs can describe, limit, enhance, or negate verbs, ADJs, and ADVs (adverbs). It can be a single word, a phrase, or a clause. Many single word ADVs are created by adding "ly" to an ADJ.
The fat cat moved
The girl reached over the table
Grammar Boot Camp
#3, part 1
Adjectives & Adverbs
Characteristics of Adjectives
By SL. Kaley Keene
bold words are adverbs
The angry dog
behind the fence. (ADV)
I see an angry
behind the fence. (ADJ)
In the sentences below we see how a phrase can be either an ADJ or an ADV.
ADJs and ADVs can describe degrees.
Words of one or two syllables such as "pretty" take an ending. Words of more than three syllables or have an "ly" must add the word "more."
Use "er" or "more" to compare two, and use "est" or "most" to compare more than two.
Never use more than one form of comparison.
Puppies are the
Dolphins are the
than most animals.
Snails move the
out of all the slow animals.
"good" and "bad" do not follow the usual formula for degrees.
Good > Better > Best
Bad > Worse > Worst
In reference to health, one must say "I am
," instead of "I am
Base Form Comparative Form Superlative Form
Try to create your own examples!