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Mongolia

Creator Mason
by

Mason L

on 17 January 2012

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Transcript of Mongolia

Mongolia Creator: Mason Map of Mongolia The absolute location of Mongolia is 46 00 N, 105 00 E Absolute Location Relative Location The relative location of Mongolia is Northern Asia between China and Russia. To get to there from Michigan, you have to travel East for a little over 6,000 miles. Place Mongolia is landlocked. It's climate is desert and continental. Mongolia's terrain is a vast semidesert with some desert plains. There is a grassy steppe with mountains in the west and southwest. The Gobi desert covers the south-central part of Mongolia. Place The population of Mongolia is 3,086,918. The birth rate is 21.03 births/1000 people. The death rate is 6.08 births/ 1000 people. Mongolia's life expectancy is 67.98 years. The ethnic groups are Mongol 95% and Turkic 5%. Place Economic activity in Mongolia has traditionally been based on herding and agriculture - Mongolia's extensive mineral deposits, however, have attracted foreign investors. The country holds copper, gold, coal, molybdenum, fluorspar, uranium, tin, and tungsten deposits, which account for a large part of foreign direct investment and government revenues. Human/Environment Interaction Mongolia's use of resources are 3.439 billion kWh of electricity. They consume 16,000 bbl/day of oil. Mongolia consumes exactly 0 cu m of natural gas. Human/Environment Interaction The land in Mongolia is mostly used for agricultural purposes. The main agriculture in Mongolia is nomadic farming and herding. Herding uses over 75% of the land, because of Mongolia's harsh climate, it is unsuited to most cultivation. Only 1% of the land in Mongolia is farmed. Human/Environment Interaction The mineral extraction in Mongolia is a big part of their economy. Mongolia has rich mineral resources including copper, coal, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold. Human/Environment Interaction In Mongolia's cities the housing is normal. Apartments and private homes. The nomadic people have a little more unusual housing. The people live in a portable home called a ger. The people in Mongolia's plains need portable homes because they must travel to different feeding grounds for their herds. A ger is similar in shape to the native american wigwam.They are constructed from a lattice work structure covered with canvas or other material. This is the layout of a ger, the family portraits and religious icons sit at the back of the ger. The stove sits in the middle of the ger. The average size is 18-20ft in diameter. The side walls are about 4ft high, but the center allows plenty of room to stand. Human/Environment Interaction Mongolia’s natural resources are fragile and stressed by human activity, harsh winters, hot summers, and low rainfall. For over a decade, the country has been making the transition from a centrally planned to an open market economy. During this transition, its natural resources have been heavily exploited. For example, deforestation rates have risen since the mid 1990s from around 40,000 ha annually to around 60,000 ha. Now only 12.4 million ha of closed forest remain. Human/Environment Interaction Urbanization in Mongolia has also accelerated rapidly, but environmental infrastructure, regulation and enforcement have not kept pace. The result is significant urban environmental degradation. Urban air quality is deteriorating due to increasing pollution from household heating, power generation, industry, and transport. High levels of particulates and other pollutants pose serious health risks, as indicated by the increasing number of young children with respiratory diseases. Human/Environment Interaction Agriculture in Mongolia constitutes 20.6% of Mongolia's annual Gross domestic product and employs 42% of the labor force. However, the high altitude, extreme fluctuation in temperature, long winters, and low precipitation provides limited potential for agricultural development. Because of Mongolia's harsh climate, it is unsuited to most cultivation. Only 1% of the arable land in Mongolia is cultivated with crops, amounting to 3,266,000 acres. Movement The transportation system in Mongolia consists of a network of railways, roads, waterways, and airports. Only about 2600 km of Mongolia's road networks are paved. Another 3900 km are graveled or otherwise improved. The vast majority of Mongolia's official road network, some 40,000 km, are simple two tracks. Movement Mongolia has a total of 580 km of waterways, but only Lake Khövsgöl has ever been heavily used. The lakes and rivers freeze over in the winter and are usually open between May and September. Movement As of 2006, Mongolia has a total of 44 airports. Of these, 12 have paved runways. Ten of these paved runways range in length between 7,999–9,997 ft . Of the 32 remaining airports with unpaved runways, two of them have runways over 9,997 ft. Movement During the early years of Mongolia’s market economy, migration from urban places to rural areas was dominant. However, due to natural disasters occurring frequently in the previous five years, migration from rural areas to urban places has increased, especially migration of herders who lost animals in the natural disasters, which dramatically increased. Along with the natural disasters, factors including insufficient quality of education and health services, and lack of work positions in rural areas, as well as others, led large groups to migrate. Movement Mobile phones are very popular in the city as well as the countryside. Especially in the countryside, the government is preferring the installation of cell phone base stations over laying land lines, as cell phone base stations are easier to install. Regions The mountains in Mongolia include the chain of Altaï in the west, the location of the country’s highest extremity (4,374 m), which extends in arc reaching Gobi and forms the region of Gobi Altaï; The Khangaï Range in the central part (peak: 3,905 m), which is the principal water tower of the country and the source of Selenge River, Mongolia’s largest river, flowing into Lake Baïkal, a gigantic inland sea, which extends in Russia’s Siberia to the north of the country; The Khentii Mounts, the native soils of Chingis Khan, with abundant forests and peaks rising up to 2,800 m, which stretch to the east of the capital city. Regions The Gobi desert is the only desert found in Mongolia. It covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia. The Gobi is made up of several distinct ecological and geographic regions based on variations in climate and topography. This desert is the fifth largest in the world. Regions More than 90 percent of Mongolian citizens subscribed to some form of Buddhism, mostly Tibetan Buddhism with traditional Shamanism. 5% of Mongolians are Muslim, of which 120,000 are Kazakh Muslims, and 30,000 are Khoton Muslims. More than 4 percent of the population practices Christianity. Regions The languages are Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, and Russian. Монгол хэл, (Mongol khel) is the official language of Mongolia and the best-known member of the Mongolic language family. It may have about 5.2 million speakers, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the Mongolian residents of the Inner Mongolia. Sources Wikipedia.com
Cia.gov
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