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Transcript of Portugal
a country to discover
Facts about Portugal
Full name: Republica Portuguesa (Portuguese Republic)
Area: 92,390 sq km
Population: 10.8 million (2014)
Official language: Portuguese
Major religion: Catholics (81%)
Currency: Euro (since 1st January 2002)
GDP (2014): $228.168 billion
Main exports: clothing and footwear, wine, cork
GDP per capita (2014): $ 26,765
GDP by sector (2014): Agriculture 2.4%
Comparison of area
103 times smaller than USA
7 times smaller than France
3 times bigger than Belgium
2 times bigger than the Netherlands
Comparison of population
France 6 times more population
USA 30 times more population
Cape Verde 22 times less population
Portugal and its Regions
Government type: Parliamentary democracy,
Republic since 1910
Chief of state: Anibal Cavaco Silva (2006)
Head of gov. (Prime minister): Pedro Passos Coelho (2011)
José Manuel Barroso was a Prime Minister from 2002-2004
President of the European Commission (2004-2014)
Constitution: 25 April 1976
Beauty of the north
Portuguese Sanctuary in Tenões in Braga
Beauty of the centre
Beauty of the south
Brief history of Portugal
One of the oldest countries in Europe
Gained independence in 1143
The first people were from stone ages and arrived in Portugal from Southern France before 10,000 BC.
Between 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal was an important European power, equal status with Spain, France and UK.
The Great Lisbon Earthquake
It occured on All Saint's Day in 1775 around 9:30 local time
Destroyed 2/3 if the city
It killed more than a third of the entire population of Lisbon
The Carnation Revolution
Took place on the 25th April 1974
Peaceful revolution in which carnation flowers were put into the riffles and on the uniforms
Result: end of the regime of Estado Novo
The Age of Discoveries
Henry the Navigator
Regarded as the main initiator of the Age of Discoveries
Vasco da Gama
First to travel by sea from Portugal to India (1497)
Sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa; discovered the Cape of Good Hope (1487-1488)
Pedro Álvares Cabral
Discovered Brazil (1550)
Padrão dos Descobrimentos
Monument to the Discoveries
Economy of Portugal
Membership in the European Union
In 1986 Portugal, along with Spain joined the European Community
This contributed to stable economic growth and development
Part of Eurozone since 1 January 2002
Portuguese Central Bank is the Banco de Portugal
April 2011- financial bailout from the EU worth €78 billion
Current economic situation and forecasts
The art of Portuguese Ceramic Tiles
2 basic styles: Lisbon and Coimbra
Usually about love, pain and 'saudade'
Basic Portugues words and phrases
1. Olá!- Hello
2. Adeus- Goodbye
3. Bom dia- Good morning
4. Boa tarde- Good afternoon
5. Boa noite- Good night
6. Como você está?- How are you?
7. Por favor- Please
8. Obrigado (m)/ Obrigada (f)- Thank you
9. Desculpe- I'm sorry
10. De nada- You're welcome
11. Feliz natal!- Merry Christmas!
12. Feliz Ano Novo!- Happy New Year!
Football is the most important sport in Portugal. Some football idols include: Eusébio, José Mourinho, Luís Figo and Christiano Ronaldo
However, surfing is also very popular in this country, along with tennis, rugby, athletics or canoeing.
Some interesting facts about Portugal...
Portuguese is the official language of 9 countries
The modern Portuguese legal system has been influenced primarily by German law.
The University of Coimbra, established in 1290, is one of the oldest universities in Europe (UNESCO)
It is illegal to kill a bull in Portuguese bullfighting
The Vasco da Gama Bridge of Lisbon is the longest bridge in Europe.
The tea drinking habit was introduced in Britain by the Portuguese Princess, Catarina de Bragança, queen consort of Charles II of England
Portugal was the first colonial power to abolish slavery. It did so in 1761
Estoril Casino, situated about 18km from Lisbon, is the largest casino in Europe
Portugal is the country wich has the largest number of monuments (15) in the world that are classified as world Heritage sites.
1. Cultural Landscape of Sintra
2. The Monastery of Batalha
3. Jerónimos Monastery
4. Belém Tower
Muito obrigada pela sua atenção!
1. Portuguese are the most friendly and helpful people in Europe
2. Ethos: 'Working to live'
3. Children staying up late
The first to complete a circumnavigation of the world (1552)
6. Interesting facts