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Ancient Greece - Armour and Weapons

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by

Ryan Douglass

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greece - Armour and Weapons

Armour and Weaponry WARFARE Greek Hoplites Weapons Armour Whom Did The Greeks Fight? The Greek states often fought each other. Sparta and Athens fought a long war, called the Peloponnesian War, from 431 to 404 BC. Sparta won. Only the threat of invasion by a foreign enemy made the Greeks forget their quarrels and fight on the same side. Their main enemy was Persia. Greek generals trained their soldiers to fight in lines, shoulder to shoulder. In this way each man was protected by the shield of the man standing next to him. When they all marched forward together, no enemy spears or arrows could get through their wall of shields.

A soldier who fought this way was called a hoplite, and a group of soldiers who fought this way were called a hoplite phalanx. There is great irony in noting that the most successful sword design of the Ancient World was developed by the Greeks, who were mainly spearmen. The sword was never regarded as a main battle weapon and played a purely secondary role. The Sword A Greek infantryman’s main battle weapon was the spear, or doru. Measuring around 2.7m (8.8ft) in length, it would have been held in one hand, while the shield was grasped in the other. The Spear The Greek Corinthian helmet originated in Ancient Greece. The name came from the area of Corinth and the helmet was bronze. Later in the century the helm covered the entire head and neck of Greek soldiers. The Greek helm had slits for the eyes and mouth making it very hard for soldiers to see and breath in the helmet. Greeks soliders wore light armour during Ancient Greece, making them fast and fierce warriors during battles. The basic components of Greek armour were the front breastplate, backplate, bracers and greaves. Most of the Greek armour was made of bronze or of brass. The most vital part of the hoplite's armour was the hoplon, a large, round shield usually made from wood. The hoplon was around a metre in diameter, and weighed around 16 lbs, making it awkward to hold for long periods. Helmet Shield Body Armour The wars against Persia lasted on and off from 490 to 449 BC. The Persian kings tried to conquer Greece and make it part of the Persian Empire. In the end, it was Greece which defeated Persia, when Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Empire in the 330s BC.
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