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Just War theory

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Julan Panda

on 4 March 2015

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Transcript of Just War theory

By: Kristoffer Garbino, Johannes Irnawan, Ellesor Lucero, & Julian Panditharatne
So basically...
War is and has been part of life.

It is happening more frequently.

And is becoming more dangerous...
Is "All's fair in love and war"?
Principles of Just War
War...
Out of 3,400 years of recorded history 268 of those years were lived peacefully.
Just War theory
According to Just war theory...
A rule book for the rule books of war
The United Nations Charter,
jus ad bellum
Just Cause
Right Intention
Proper authority
and public declaration
Last Resort
chance of
success
weighing the pros and cons
jus in bello
Obey international
laws already
in place
Civilian/
Non-Combatant
Immunity
Use of reasonable
force
Fair treatment
of prisoners of war
(POWs)
No Means
evil in and of itself
No reprisals
jus post bellum -
rules that govern the justice of peace agreements and the end phase of war.
jus in bello -
rules that govern just and fair conduct within war.
jus ad bellum -
rules that govern the justice of resorting to war.
Jus post bellum
Proportionality
and Publicity
Rights
Vindication
Distinction
between leaders, soldiers,
and civilians
Punishment for leaders,
and soldiers
Compensation
Rehabilitation
Just War in the Catechism of the Catholic Church cont.
Victims are allowed to initiate war.
Faith of people must be dominated by the thought of peace.
Just War in the Catechism of the Catholic Church
Righteous anger is valid depending on the circumstance.
Just War Doctrine
Roots: "But I say to you, Do not resist an evildoer. But if anyone strikes you on the right cheek, turn the other also;" (Matt 5:39)
Prerequisite for war (Catechism of the Catholic Church):
Just War Philosophy
"might is right."
usually between two culturally similar enemies
differences (in religion, race, language, etc) play a role of just war theory development
Other beliefs
... They change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them- barring a few - ever bent on (new) deceits: [Quran 5:13]
“From those, too, who call themselves Christians, We did take a covenant, but they forgot a good part of the message that was sent them [Quran 5:14]”

In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. [Quran 5:17]
1.
2.
3.
4.
Orders cannot be followed:
1.
2.
3.
St. Augustine and the Theory of Just War
A nation fighting for the wrong intentions is no better than a gladiator who fights with brutality.
Governments exist to fill a role for God
starting/going into war.
actions during war.
end of war.
Discussion Questions
None of the above? Explain.
Muslims Belief of the subject
“We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose or nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." [Quran 5:45]”
“The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger, and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is: execution, or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides, or exile from the land [Quran 5:33]”
Sooooo, pictures and rewritten verses are considered blasphemy... BLASPHEMY!!!
“We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." [Quran 5:45]”
September 11, 2001 Attack
“But if any one earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent, He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin. [Quran 4:112]”
“But if the thief repents after his crime, and amends his conduct, Allah turneth to him in forgiveness; for Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. [Quran 5:39]”
“(They are fond of) listening to falsehood, of devouring anything forbidden. If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or decline to interfere. If thou decline, they cannot hurt thee in the least. If thou judge, judge in equity between them. For Allah loveth those who judge in equity. [Quran 5:42]”
"... And to stop killing our children and women." [Bin Laden, 2004]
For more information on time line and wars that occurred visit: http://www.datesandevents.org/events-timelines/24-timeline-of-war.htm
No government will send soldiers into battle to kill or be killed without any justification to what they are doing
some arguments to go to war are
right to resist
right to come come to aid
being fought to restoring peace
methods should avoid killing civilians
that means in 415 years the amount of wars has almost tripled that of what happened in 1600 years
time period
number of wars
1200-1BC
1-1599AD
1600-present day
21
34
95
-Don Quixote
it isn't
Just War
Is any war a "just war" in your opinion? Explain.
What seems more realistic:
Nations that live in a state of peace indefinitely?
Nations abiding by the same international laws governing armed conflict? Or...
The Hague, and
Geneva Conventions.
Full transcript