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7 Steps to a Language-Rich Interactive Classroom:
Transcript of 7 Steps to a Language-Rich Interactive Classroom:
Research-Based Strategies for All Students
Provided a poster for students listing alternatives to saying "I don't know" (metacognitive strategy)
May I please have some more information?
May I please have some time to think?
Would you please repeat the question?
May I ask a friend for help?
Demonstrate when and why the students use the responses
Teachers everywhere fill their "bag of tricks" with as many strategies and tools as possible in order to help students learn
Use visuals (beef up the non-linguistic input)
Develop vocabulary (provide opportunities for students to use academic vocabulary)
How Can We Help
Provide opportunities for all learners to practice the four domains (listening, reading, writing, speaking)
Be mindful of backgrounds and experiences of all students
John Seidlitz and Bill Perryman
Teach students what to say when they don't know what to say
The expectation of using complete sentences enhances the free flow of ideas
When complete thoughts are the norm, students quickly become comfortable elaborating and expressing their ideas
Let them talk (provide opportunities)
Provide students with sentence stems =complete thought
Coach for it!
Ask the question
Select a student to respond using a random selection system
Personal characteristics (you cannot see)
Physical characteristics (you can see)
Asking students to talk with each other using specific language about a clearly defined topic = structured conversation
Process includes 100% student participation (every student must respond)
Provides enough structure to get all students involved both physically and mentally
Structuring reading and writing activities so students gain a deeper understanding of content concepts
Clearly define the purpose, plan, and the process for each activity
Cues students use to indicate they are ready to respond or ready to move on
Total: Include every student in the classroom
Response: Every student will make a choice
Signal: Visual signal must be clear enough to gather an immediate survey
Have students speak in complete sentences
Randomize and rotate when calling on students
Use total response signals
Use visuals and vocabulary strategies that support your objectives
Have students participate in structured conversations
Have students participate in structured reading and writing activities
Perryman and Seidlitz began working together
Passionate about academic literacy and meaningful student interaction
Collaborated and discovered ways to combine focus on student interaction with academic literacy
Created a step-by-step procedure all teachers can use
Creates interactive, language-rich, and highly engaging classrooms
Solution 1: Randomizing
Solution 2: Rotating
Easy way to get everyone involved and avoids the problem of calling on the same students again and again
Important thing is not which system, but that there is a system in place
Without a system, total participation is impossible
Teachers struggle to find ways to manage a classroom full of diverse learners
Written: Students write responses and hold them up to the teacher
Ready: Students have finished a task and are ready for a new task to begin
Making Choices: Students respond to a specific set of choices
Ranking: Students show their agreement or disagreement with particular statements
Question: Teacher asks a question (open-ended)
Signal: Students signal (or double signal) when ready
Stem: Sentence stem is provided for students
Share: Students share their response with one or more
Assess: Teacher selects a few students to share their answers with the whole class
Why am I having students read this?
How will I ensure my students are ready to read this?
Why am I having students write this?
Can my students successfully complete the writing task on their own?
Total Participation = All students must participate
Incorporate Academic Vocabulary = Students should use in clear and effective ways
Promote Literacy and Language Development = Build literacy while developing academic language skills
Support for Struggling Learners = Examine learning environment