Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Operating Systems timeline
Transcript of Operating Systems timeline
Operating Systems Timeline
1984 MAC OS
In 1984, Apple Computer Inc. introduced the Macintosh personal computer, with the Macintosh 128K model, which came bundled with what was later renamed to Mac OS.
After hearing about the pioneering GUI technology being developed at Xerox PARC from former Xerox employees, Jobs negotiated a visit to see the Xerox Alto computer and Smalltalk development tools in exchange for Apple stock options.The Macintosh operating systems used concepts from the Xerox Alto, but many elements of the graphical user interface were created by Apple including the menu bar, pop-up menus, and the concepts of drag and drop and direct manipulation.
1990 Windows 3.0
Windows 3.0 becomes the first Microsoft Windows
with a shot at a mainstream audience, but it's still just a
DOS-based operating environment and not a true operating system. Over the next few years, Microsoft introduces Windows 3.1, a bug-fix-and-enhancement release
MIT's Tape Director operating system
made for UNIVAC 1103
Android is a mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel, developed by Google. With a user interface based on direct manipulation, Android is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.
2011 Mac OS X Lion
The GM-NAA I/O input/output system of General Motors and North American Aviation was the first operating system for the IBM 704 computer
IBSYS was the tape based operating system that IBM supplied with its IBM 7090 computer. It was really a basic monitor program, that read control card images and data cards of individual jobs.
The Berkeley Timesharing System was a pioneering time-sharing operating system implemented
between 1964 and 1967 at the University of California, Berkeley.
Disk Operating System/360, also DOS/360, or simply DOS, was an operating system for IBM mainframes. It was first delivered by IBM in June 1966. In its time DOS was the most widely used operating system in the world.
Initial releases of DOS could run only one program at a time. Later versions of "real" DOS were able to run up to three programs concurrently.
1966 - DOS
1969 - UNIX
Unix is a multitasking, multi-user computer operating system that exists in many variants. The original Unix was developed at AT&T's Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie. From the user's perspective, Unix systems are characterized by a modular design that is sometimes called the "Unix philosophy," meaning the OS provides a set of simple tools that each perform a limited, well-defined function with a unified filesystem and a shell scripting and command language to perform complex workflows.
BS2000 was a mainframe computer operating system developed by Fujitsu Technology Solutions.
Unlike other mainframe systems, BS2000 provides exactly the same user and programming interface in all operating modes (batch, interactive and online transaction processing) and regardless of whether it is running natively or as a guest system in a virtual machine.
The godfather of open source is born when the Computer Systems Research Group at UC Berkeley releases a
variant on Unix called the Berkeley Software Distribution
. BSD will ultimately spawn alternatives to some commercial microcomputer operating systems -and form the core of at least one major commercial operating system, Mac OS X
IBM PC DOS (full name: IBM Personal Computer Disk Operating System) was an operating system for the IBM Personal Computer, manufactured and sold by IBM from the 1980s to the 2000s.
1981 - IBM PC DOS
1985 Windows 1.0
Microsoft Windows 1.01 retails, at a list price of $99. It's marketed as a graphical user interface that extends the DOS operating system and lets users run several programs at the same time and freely switch among them. But it's not touted as an actual operating system until a decade later.
OS/2 first makes news when Microsoft announces its Operating System/2, MS OS/2, developed to harness the power of Intel's 80286 and 80386 microprocessors.
As IBM and Microsoft's joint operating agreement falls apart, OS/2 becomes an IBM product, and Microsoft gives its graphical operating system a different name - Windows NT.
1987 OS /2 Windows 2.0
Norse OS god Linus Torvalds releases an open-source, Unix-like OS kernel that sort of bears his name. Linux is officially pronounced "leen-ooks" to reflect its Finnish origins. The Linux kernel will subsequently be combined with GNU software to create an array of open-source operating systems known as Linux distributions.
Windows NT 4.0 is a preemptive, graphical operating system, designed to work with either uni-processor or symmetric multi-processor computers. It was part of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems.
It is a 32-bit Windows system available in both workstation and server editions with a graphical environment similar to that of Windows 95.
1996 Windows NT
1995 Windows 95
Windows 95 appears, to great fanfare. It spawns a
new line of Microsoft operating systems with one foot in the 32-bit world and another stuck in the mud with not-yet-obsolete 16-bit software.
1998 Windows 98
Windows 98 is the successor to Windows 95. Like its predecessor, it is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit with an
MS-DOS based boot stage. Windows 98 includes Internet Explorer 4.01. Besides Internet Explorer, many other Internet companion applications are included such as Outlook Express, Windows Address Book, FrontPage Express, Microsoft Chat, Personal Web Server.
2000 Red Hat Linux
Red Hat Linux, assembled by the company Red Hat, was a popular Linux based operating system. It was the first Linux distribution to use the RPM Package Manager. For a system administrator performing software installation and maintenance, the use of package management rather than manual building has advantages such as simplicity, consistency and the ability for these processes to be automated and non-interactive.
iOS (previously iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. and distributed exclusively for Apple hardware. It is the operating system that powers many of the company's iDevices, including the iPAd, iPod Touch and Apple TV.
2007 - iOS
2001 Windows XP
Windows XP received generally positive reviews with critics noting increased performance (especially in comparison to Windows ME), a more intuitive user interface, improved hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities.[
Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system, with Unity as its default desktop environment (GNOME was the previous desktop environment). It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu (literally, "human-ness"), which often is translated as "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity".
According to some metrics, Ubuntu is the most popular desktop Linux distribution to date.
2012 Windows 8
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of Windows NT family of operating systems. Windows 8 introduced major changes to the operating system's platform and user interface to improve its user experience on tablets.
Windows 8 also adds native support for USB 3.0 devices, which allow for faster data transfers and improved power management with compatible devices.
It is the eighth major release of Mac OS X, Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. There are 0ver 250 new features including:
Address Book uses an iPad-like user interface, Auto-Save, Air Drop - direct file sharing via WI-Fi Direct, FAce Time, Apple Push Notifications Services, etc.