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Pre-colonization

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by

Taylor deGraffenried

on 20 November 2012

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Transcript of Pre-colonization

European Discovery of the "New World" Before it was the "New World" Archaic Period Formative Period Credit for discovering the "New World" is almost always given to Christopher Columbus in 1491

Archeological evidence suggests that North American was discovered by Leif Erickson some four hundred years earlier

Before it became the "New World" for Europeans, what did this part of the world look like? The history of the US is often viewed through the lens of exploration and colonization by Europeans

Some 30,000 years ago humans crossed the Bering Strait from Russian into Alaska and migrated south
The are often referred to as the Paleo-Indians and are considered to be the ancestors of all Native Americans Settled in various areas and developed distinct culture, language and societies

Many groups became sedentary

Domesticated plants, engaged in managing the environment, mastered manipulation of fire, manufacturing of pottery and long distance trade Early Woodland (1000-1BCE)
Burial practices
Horticulture
Acorns
Example: Adena
Middle Woodland (1-500CE)
Hopewillian Interaction Sphere
Late Woodland (500-1000CE)
Three Sisters
Social Complexity

US History Clovis Culture Thrived approximately 11,500 years ago

Decline
Lack of megafauna
Loss of mobility
Younger Dryas
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