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civil rights movement

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amanda heins

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of civil rights movement

Civil Rights Movement
General Information
Jim Crow
race based law system
Kept segregation in place
Separate But Equal
struck down in 1954
ended basis for segregation
Civil Rights Movement
15 year period through the 60's and 70's
civil rights activists used nonviolent protests and civil disobedience
"Such movements have not only secured citizenship rights for blacks but have also redefined prevailing conceptions of the nature of civil rights and the role of government in protecting these rights." - History Channel
"These legal changes greatly affected the opportunities available to women, nonblack minorities, disabled individuals, and other victims of discrimination."
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
formed in 1909
"to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination".
founded by a diverse group
W.E.B. Du Bois - white sociologist and historian
Ida B. Wells - black journalist and suffragette
Henry Moskowitz - Romanian immigrant
Groups like this were necessary to broaden change from just schools to all areas of life.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 1, 1955
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white bus rider
When she was arrested the boycott began.
Boycott lasted over a year.
Resulting from the Boycott
Martin Luther King Jr emerged at this time as the movement's most effective leader.
Began a new group as a result: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
This group went to different areas to take advantage of opportunities for non-violent protest
Also inspired student protests which led to the creation of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
The SNCC focused on creating local and organic movements, rather than creating movements in an area
Birmingham
1963
SCLC brought media attention to violence directed at protestors
school children vs police with clubs, firehoses, and dogs
Prompted Kennedy to sign Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawing segregation
March on Washington
August 28, 1963

200,000 participants

where MLK gave his "I Have A Dream" speech
Black Panther Party
revolutionary black nationalist and socialist organization
from 1966 until 1982
armed citizens' patrols to monitor the behavior of police officers and challenge police brutality
community social programs
once called the greatest internal threat to American security (riots vs rebellions)
Selma March and Bloody Sunday
March 7, 1965
from Selma to Montgomery
stopped on the Pettus Bridge
attacked with tear gas and police wielding clubs
called Bloody Sunday
brought hundreds of people hoping to help show support
March 9 a second march was turned back when stopped by police
that night a white pastor (Rev. Reeb) was killed by white men
this drew national attention
March 17 the march went without opposition
last major racial protest of the 60's to receive large white support

resulted in Voting Rights Act of 1965
Black Liberation
Malcom X, Elijah Muhammad
saw civil rights movement as lacking because African-American circumstances stemmed from involuntary slavery and civil rights did not address this
focused more internationally
Assassinations
Both Martin Luther King Jr and Malcom X assassinated

left power gaps that led to a drop in organized protesting after the 60's
http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil-rights-movement
Full transcript