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18th Century England's Literature
Transcript of 18th Century England's Literature
The Dictionary of the English Language-Dictionary (1755)
The Tragedy of Irene--Play (1749) Romanticists wrote about issues that affected the individual The neoclassic writers focused on thought, reason and commonsense. Romanticists wrote about personal experiences, such as, desires, hopes, and dreams. Eighteenth Century writers, such as Samuel Johnson, Moliere, and Alexander Pope, sought clear, precise language. They improved grammar and complex metaphors employed by Shakespeare and simplified literary structures. Neoclassicists wrote about issues that affected society as a whole such as, politics and religion. Moliere Works In Neoclassicism, poetry was the artful treatment of real life occurances into a poetic composition portraying a fictional character. Le Médecin volant --Play (1645) --The Flying Doctor
La Jalousie du barbouillé--Play (1650) --Jealousy of Smeared
L'Étourdi ou Les Contretemps--Comedy (1655) -- The Blunderer Romanticists expressed personal feelings of the poet and not the man in action in the composition. Alexander Pope Works Differences between Ode on Solitude--Poem (1717)
The Rape of the Lock--Poem (1712)
The Critical Specimen--Poem (1711) Neoclassicism and Romanticism Major Writers The years included in the Neoclassical Movement are 1600-1785. Bibliography James Boswell Works Boswell's London Journal--Journal (1762-1763)
The Life of Samuel Johnson--Biography (1791) An Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College--Poem (1747)
Ode of the Death of a Favourite Cat--Poem (1768)
The Bard--Poem (1768) Thomas Gray Works Romanticism Neoclassicism 18th Century Literature Daniel Defoe Works The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe--Novel (1719)
Memoirs of a Cavalier--Novel (1720) Historical Influences 1660: Restoration--Charles II, Stuart monarchy
1662: Royal Society established
1685: James, Duke of York, succeeds his brother Charles II
1688: Glorious Revolution--James II deposed, William and Mary share the English throne
1689: Bill of Rights--limits crown, affirms supremacy of Parliament
1689: Toleration Act--religious freedom for dissenters
1690: John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding
1707: Act of Union--England and Scotland for Great Britain
1745: Last Jacobite uprising How can you identify a work from this movement? One of the themes is the topic of the human individual in society.
In this era there was a resurgence in the personal narrative. Some books display this trend through writing in the first person.
There was an increased use of the classic heroic couplet, . Scholars say the neoclassical genre as displaying a certain restraint characteristic of the age.
Those who practiced this kind of literature referenced much of Greek and Roman styles.
Most non-fiction writers used satire and comedy. The writers techniques: Fco. Escudero Jiménez Jesús Dueñas Muñoz (1740-1795) (1709-1784) (1688-1744) (1716-1771) http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/ http://www.luminarium.org/eightlit/ http://www.wwnorton.com/