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Rights to Parenthood

Ethics Group Presentation
by

Mel Howard

on 8 December 2010

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Transcript of Rights to Parenthood

Rights to Parenthood Parenting Roles Aristotle Gay Parenting Right or Privilege? Up to Society? What Makes a Good Parent? What is Most
Beneficial
to the Child? Traditional View June Cleaver Lois Griffin “Yeah, yeah. I know you’re a feminist, and I think that’s adorable, but this is grown-up time and I’m the man.” -Peter Griffin
(ep: “Running Mates”) Progressive View Wife in workplace and "Mr. Mom" housework = woman's work job outside the home = man's work male chauvinist - women are innately inferior to men Therefore, by association,
housework is inferior to employment. Stigmas US Census Statistics 1999 - 1.5%
2009 - 3% SAHD Percentages Is a stay-at-home parent beneficial to the child?

Are there benefits to having a SAHM over a SAHD? Benefits to the Family Time to bond with the children
Healthier Children Not in germy daycare or around sick children No last-minute plans if child falls ill Cleaning can be done in intervals Financial Benefits: Time to make lists of exactly what is needed.
Time for meals at home instead of fast-food on the run.
Time to travel to multiple stores for bargain shopping. SAHM vs. SAHD 2003 American Time Use Survey Both Employed – mother handled most childcare and domestic responsibilities SAHD – evenly distributed because father takes over traditional homemaker role in
addition to indoor/outdoor maintenance Day-To-Day Basis - working mother is most engaged with child and more willing to share parental duties than working father Pleasure, power, wealth, honor = goods, but not THE Good It's better to be happy providing an aspect of the family, whether in or outside of the home. The happiness to strive for is having a harmonious household. Interest in Starting a Family 31%of same-sex couples were raising children
43% of heterosexual couples 1 in 5 male couples and 1 and 3 lesbian couples were raising children Estimated 65,000 adopted children were living with a lesbian or gay parent Concerned with the present life and not necessarily the next. Other people make us worthwhile. Happiness is natural. One acquires happiness through learning and habit. Gender Selection History Human Genome Project Completed genetic blueprint for a human being.
Genome consists of 3.2 billion “letters” on 46 strands of DNA in a human cell.
Scientists now know all of the letters in the genome, but have yet to understand what each letter codes for. Initially Used to Prevent
Inherited Diseases Tay-Sachs, Down’s syndrome, and cystic fibrosis are directly related to gender
Bypass gender-specific diseases
Two main methods used 1. Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
2. Sperm Separation Now Used for Nonmedical
Parental Wishes Enjoyment of choosing gender
Price expected to drop Larger Selection of Traits eye color hair color resistance to viruses improve longevity Currently legal in the US, but banned in other countries. Societal Views American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM)
made available for "gender variety." Supporters - not the government's choice Opposed - could lead to undesireable consequences conform to gender expectations
gender discrimination
"building" ideal child instead of acceptance All human beings are born with the potential to
become ethically virtuous and practically wise. potentially eliminating the chance of a very intelligent and talented child gender should not matter Neglect and Child Removal Child Abuse For centuries, children have had few rights under the law.

English Common Law: children were treated as property
Outlook carried over to early American colonies 1870s 1962 1970 1974 1997 8-yr-old orphan complained of being beaten by foster family
Captured attention of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA)
Attorney for the ASPCA argued that children are entitled to the same legal protections from cruelty as animals.
Judge charged foster mother with assault & battery; convicted to 1-year hard labor
Publicity led to the establishment of the NY Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Article was published about the symptoms that indicate child abuse, which brought further awareness. Every state enacted laws requiring certain professionals to report incidents of suspected child abuse to law enforcement agencies. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act became law, authorizing federal funding for states to identify child abuse & offer protective services. Led to a new legal concept: abuse of an unborn child Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or

An act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm. Each state is responsible for providing its own definitions of child abuse. Exemption for certain acts: Corporal discipline of a child by a parent or guardian for disciplinary purposes does not constitute domestic violence when the discipline is reasonable. Spanking as Disciplinary Action Parents know the difference between spanking and abuse. Still a Debate Among Parents Not a matter for legislature of Senate
Parenting is not a government mandate
The Senate is working to remove section 43 from the criminal code
-constitutes as abuse It is not accurate to say that spanking necessarily has negative repercussions.
Reputable studies show that spanking can actually be good Spanking as a disciplinary tool is NEUTRAL Reaching the Good is about happiness. Children will not be happy in an abusive home. Humans have rational and reasoning souls, and everyone is inherently good. Parents don’t intend to harm their children
Ability to decipher between spanking and abuse Psychological Physical neglect of any basic need the child has to sustain a healthy body such as food, clothing, hygiene, shelter, safety, medical care, and supervision neglect of any basic need the child has to sustain a healthy mind such as attention, security, self-esteem, emotional nurture, neglect of education, and neglect of medical treatment Federal Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act (CAPTA) "Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm" Effects of Neglect Upon Children increased substance abuse increased risk of suicide increased risk of obesity increased risk of depression increased risk of personality disorders You give up your right to parent when you decide to abuse or neglect your child.

Children have a right to live in a sound environment.

Children’s rights should be clearly defined and enforced.

Children can be moved to relatives or placed in the foster care system.

Is it more traumatizing for the child to be taken from his/her parents or to stay with the parents in an unhealthy environment? Government Alone Can't Regulate Everyone has a moral obligation to help these children. Possible Solutions Education

Altered Societal Outlook Agent Responsibility 6 to 14 million children had a gay or lesbian parent Estimated 2 million GLB people interested were in adoption 16,000+ children were living with lesbian and gay parents in California Gay and lesbian parents were raising 4% of all adopted children in the US Legal Complications
with Foster Care and Adoption 11 states have ruled that gay men and lesbians, based on sexual orientation, unfit to be parents.

Estimated 14,000 children are living with lesbian or gay foster-parents Benefits to the Child Adoptive same-sex couples are typically older, more educated, and have more economic resources.
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