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Totalitarianism in 1984

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Evan Saunders

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of Totalitarianism in 1984

The Dangers of Totalitarianism Physical Control Mind Control Conclusion "He took his scribbling pad on his knee and pushed back his chair so as to get as far away from the telescreen as possible. To keep your face expressionless was not difficult, and even your breathing could be controlled, with an effort: but you could not control the beating of your heart, and the telescreen was quite delicate enough to pick it up." (Orwell 79) The Control of Information and History "Actually, as Winston well knew, it was only four years since Oceania had been at war with Eastasia and in alliance with Eurasia ... Officially the change of partnership never happened. Oceania was at war with Eurasia: therefore Oceania had always been at war with Eurasia. The enemy of the moment always represents absolute evil, and is followed that any past or future agreement with him was impossible" (Orwell 34) "Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them." In conclusion, totalitarianism is a dangerous form of government that uses physical control, control of information and history, and mind control to keep the citizens under full control. George Orwell displays these techniques in his novel 1984. We should take past experiences with totalitarian governments as a lesson on the true power they posses and try to prevent a repeat of any of the past totalitarian governments. Thesis
In the novel 1984, George
Orwell shows how totalitarianism
is a dangerous form of government. "The horrible thing about the Two Minutes Hate was not that one was obligated to act a part, but that it was impossible to avoid joining in" (Orwell 14) "I will confess, but not yet. I must hold out till the pain becomes unbearable. Three more kicks, two more kicks, and then I will tell them what they want." (Orwell 240-241) Image of a telescreen from the movie 1984 (1984) Image of Two Minutes Hate from the movie 1984 (1984) Image of Winston being escorted to room 101 to be tortured from the movie 1984 (1984) Totalitarianism
noun
1. the practices and principles of a totalitarian regime.
2. absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution.
3. the character or quality of an autocratic or authoritarian individual, group, or government: the totalitarianism of the father. North Korean military parade as missiles are transported through the streets USSR propaganda poster German citizens hail Hitler during a Nazi speech "The last was for the disposal of waste paper. Similar slits existed in thousands or tens of thousands throughout the building, not only in every room but at short intervals in every corridor. For some reason they were nicknamed memory holes. When one knew that any document was due for destruction, or even when one saw a scrap of waste paper lying about, it was an automatic action to lift the flap of the nearest memory hole and drop it in, whereupon it would be whirled away on a current of warm air to the enormous furnaces which were hidden somewhere in the recesses of the building (Orwell 37-38) "As soon as the corrections which happened to be necessary in any particular number of The Times had been assembled and collated, that number would be reprinted, the original copy destroyed, and the corrected copy placed on the files in its stead. This process of continuous alteration was applied not only to newspapers , but ... to every kind of literature or documentation which might conceivably hold any political or ideological significance. Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to date. In this way every prediction made by the Party could by shown by documentary evidence to have been correct, nor was any item of news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on record. All history was palimpsest, scraped clean and reinscribed exactly as often as was necessary. In no case would it have been possible, once the deed was done, to prove that any falsification had taken place. (Orwell 39-40) "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it. Every concept that can ever be needed will be expressed by exactly one word, with its meaning rigidly defined and all its subsidiary meanings rubbed out and forgotten." "The program of the Two Minutes Hate varied from day to day, but there was none in which Goldstein was not the principal figure. He was the primal traitor, the earliest defiler of the Party's purity. All subsequent crimes against the Party, all treacheries, acts of sabotage, heresies, deviations, sprang directly out of his teaching."
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