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substance abuse

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by

Elham Ali

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of substance abuse

Too
smart
to
start
definition of drugs, drug addiction, and drug abuse
types of drugs (soft/hard)
psychological/biological effects of drugs
diseases related to drugs
socio-cultural problems
causes of drug abuse Definitions Drugs: a chemical substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating,
performance- enhancing or other effects on the mind or body Drug addiction: strong physiological and psychological dependence on a drug Drug abuse: disorder that is characterized by a destructive pattern of using a substance that leads to significant problems or distress Types of drugs Soft drugs believed to be non addictive and with fewer dangers associated with their use Hard drugs psychoactive drugs that are addictive and
perceived as damaging Hallucinogens Psychological / biological effects sensory perceptions become brilliant and intense
colors seem more intense, emotional effects are more profound>> magnified feelings
distance and estrangement, depression, anxiety, paranoia, violent behaviors, confusion, suspicion, loss of control, flashbacks, psychosis, lethargic and disoriented Diseases suggests cause of acute toxic psychosis, panic attacks, schizophrenia Stimulants Psychological / biological effects feelings of tremendous joy
increased wakefulness
increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure, dilated pupils, nausea, blurred vision, muscle spasms, and confusion Diseases heart attack
stroke Opiates Psychological / biological effects tranquil and euphoric effect
induce tolerance
drug becomes the main focus of life
slow breathing, heart rate and brain activity Diseases dirty needles can result in diseases such as Hepatitis, AIDS and tetanus
respiratory arrest Socio-cultural problems cannabis used in shamanic rituals to induce trance
illegal in most developed countries
increasing cost of satisfying tolerance / dependence can lead to money problems a self neglect
domestic violence Causes as a result of relationships
household dysfunction
peer pressure
failure of individual to adapt to society, or society's
failure to make a place for the individual Smoking
components of cigarette
effects of the components of cigarette
Diseases
why people start smoking
why smoking is difficult to stop 1) Tar stimulates goblet cells to release more mucus
contains carcinogens
causes mutations
develops cancer 2) carbon monoxide diffuses into RBC's where it combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which reduces the oxygen carrying capacity in RBC's 3) Nicotine stimulates adrenal glands to release mucus
increases heart rate and blood pressure
reduces blood supply to extremities
increases the stickiness of platelets which causes blood clotting Diseases Lung
diseases 1) Chronic bronchitis goblet cells and mucous glands are stimulated to secrete more mucus
tar destroys many cilia and weakens the sweeping action of the remaining
mucus accumulates and causes the person to cough which leads to inflammation of the bronchi 2) Emphysema a condition where the alveoli is unable to stretch and recoil while breathing
due too smaller quantities of elastin I the walls
elastin has been digested by elastase 3) Lung Cancer carcinogens in tar react with the DNA in
epithelial cells to produce mutations that
lead to the development of malignant tumor Why people start smoking ? Most people start smoking after the age of 18.
Peer pressure plays an important part.
the environment the individual raise in
Others start smoking as an act of defiance against their parents or people of authority.
individuals having low self-esteem
they smoke to appear older and more grown up,
people under pressure think that smoking helps the get rid of this pressure. Why smoking is difficult to stop? the nicotine present in cigarettes creates a chemical dependency, and the body develops a need for certain level of nicotine at all times.
the first few weeks after quitting are usually the most difficult
it takes at least 8-12 weeks before a person start to feel comfortable with their new lifestyle change of being ex-smoker. substance abuse is a Brain Disease
• Characterized by:
– Compulsive Behavior
– Continued abuse of drugs despite negative consequences
– Persistent changes in the brain’s structure
and function Definition: The Burden of
Substance
Abuse • Substance abuse costs our nation more than $484 billion per year. Illicit drug use alone accounts
for about $161 billion.

• Approximately half of those suffering from a chronic alcohol or drug disorders also suffer from a chronic psychiatric disorder. Outline 1. definition
2. The Burden
3. Types of substance abuse;
Smoking
Alcohol
Drugs
4. role play
5. Conclusion Alcohol Definition of alcoholism, and alcoholic person
symptoms
risk factors
DISEASES AND EFFECTS ALCOHOL
treatment of alcoholism Definitions Alcoholism/alcohol addiction is the destructive pattern of the consumption of alcohol liquor and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency.

An alcoholic person is a person who suffers from alcoholism, a person whose body is dependent on alcohol Effects DISEASES CAUSED BY ALCOHOL 1. Gastritis
2. Cirrhosis
3. cancer of the stomach, kidney & liver
4. Diabetes & Heart diseases TREATMENT 1.Rehabilitation & cognitive therapy

2.Friends and family support

3.Medication Questions Thank you In conclusion - substance abuse is a wide spread problem
- education & awareness should be focused on risky population
- Addiction is Like Other Diseases;
It is preventable
It is treatable
It changes biology
If untreated, it can last a lifetime Drugs Role Play References WHO WEBSITE, www.who.com
CDC website, www.cdc.com
www.drugsno.com/identify-drug-abuse/
www.samhsa.gov
www.psychologytoday.com/basics/addiction Alcoholism is chronic, but treatable !! Symptoms potential symptoms include spending an inordinate amount of time getting, using, or recovering from the use of alcohol, compromised functioning, and/or continuing to use alcohol despite
an awareness of the detrimental effects it is having on one's life Risk factors 1.depression 2.anxiety 3.mood problem in the individual, as well as having parents with alcoholism problems 4.Low self-esteem and feeling out of place
Full transcript