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Compare and Contrast
Transcript of Compare and Contrast
Compare and Contrast
Juxtaposing two things to highlight the similarities and differences
used to analyze information carefully which offers insight into the nature of information being analyzed
Used to make a choice or a critical judgement
organized by either SUBJECT-by-SUBJECT or POINT-by-POINT
Incorporation of analogies
discusses all elements of one subject then turns to another
relays the two topics as a whole
ie: Comparing/Contrasting two presidential candidates by subject
Full discussion of first candidate
Leading to a full discussion of the second
: explores relationship between things in the same class
: actors with actors, musicians with musicians (NOT musicians with actors)
-Point out the similarities between two topics
: classical musicians with jazz musicians
they play on instruments
-also shows how two things in the same class are different in IMPORTANT ways
their styles of music are different
Compare & Contrast vs. Classification & Division
Both make connections between things that otherwise might seem unrelated
Classification and Division are intended to identify the parts of a WHOLE subject (smaller parts make up a whole)
Compare and Contrast identify two different things and their similarities and differences
Organized around the specific points of a discussion
helps emphasize the two main points being compared
allows the authors to be more specific
ie: Two Presidential candidates during their election speeches
May discuss their education, then their experiences, and then their vision for the country
In Dave Brooks article “Mind over Muscle”(2005), Brooks addresses the switch in dynamic between male and female success rates not only the educational world, but the professional world as well.
The author proves his argument by implementing different statistics between males and females, describing possible outcomes for men and women in the future, and by providing professional opinions concerning the dynamics between men and women around the world displaying the contrast of the success of the female to the declining successes of the male.
Mr. Brooks purpose in this article is to point out how people have been so concerned with making sure that females receive the best opportunities they can in order to survive in a “man’s world” when in reality men are suffering worse than women, in order to make known that there needs to be an equal divide between men and women once again.
Based off the discussion of how men perform in school compared to that of women, the reader can infer the primary audience are educators, in that most of the statistics she provides revolve around education and school. A secondary audience would be feminists because throughout the article feminine equality was mentioned numerous times which is what these women have been striving hard for, but in doing so they have failed to see that the striving for equality has tipped the balance between men and women.
Compare & Contrast vs. Exemplification
Both use vivid facts, statistics, and extended examples to illustrate a point
Exemplification uses logical proof to examine one case in depth
Compare & Contrast uses multiple cases and examples to prove a point or common phenomena
: explores relationship between things from different classes and is done for a definite reason
-explains and clarifies a complex idea
: comparing a human heart to a pump
-Can be difficult to incorporate into an essay
use when highlighting dramatic similarities
-Not really used to make judgements
catch the readers attention or show new connections
"For example, both channels discussed the recent announcement of Supreme Court Justice David Souter to retire after the Court’s current term is over. The CNN news commentators who were discussing this topic seemed rather pleased that Souter decided to retire at a time when there was a Democrat president and Democrat-majority Senate. They maintained that there is no possible way we will get a Republican justice appointed to the court with conservative view points on controversial issues such as abortion. Fox news, on the other hand, reported this news in a negative fashion. The news reporter announced that Republicans are worried that there is too much Democrat power in the Senate, yet they are ready to put up a fight. CNN counter-acted this type of statement by stating that the President has the right to nominate whomever he likes to the bench. "
CNN vs. Fox News
Points to Remember
1. Decide which patter to use
-Step by step or Point by point
2.Determine which topic to place first and why
3. Organize topics in a logical and well planed, balanced sequence
-make sure that there are equal amounts of information.
4.Introduce and clarify reasons for your comparison.
"From the first days of school, girls outperform boys, The gap is sometimes small, but over time slight advantages accumulate into big ones. In surveys, kindergarten teachers report that girls are more attentive than boys and more persistent at tasks . Through elementary school, girls are less likely to be asked to repeat a grade.They are much less likely to be likely to be diagnosed with a learning disability."
Mind over Muscles (140.3)
Mind Over Muscle 411 p2
"Until 1985 or so, male college graduates outnumbered female college graduates. But in the mid-80's, women drew even, and ever since they have been pulling away at a phenomenal rate."
Mind over Muscle 411 p. 3
"This year , 133 women will graduate from college for every 100 men. BY decade's end, according to Department of Education projections, there will be 142 female graduates for every 100 male graduates. Among African- Americans, there are 200 female grads for every 100 male grads."