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The Prague School

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by

Thamara Gaune

on 7 June 2014

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Transcript of The Prague School

By Gonzalo Mondaca and
Thamara Gaune
The Prague School
/z/ is marked for
the feature
Voiced
,
but unmarked for the feature
Voiceless
Vilém Mathesius
Roman Jakobson
Nikolái Trubetzkoy
Principles of
Phonology!
( Moscow, April 16, 1890 – +Vienna, June 25, 1938)
The phoneme set of distinctive features
Contributions
Influence on the European
Linguistics
Contributions inherited to Functionalist Linguistics
Factors of Communication
Functions of
Communication
(Moscow 11,October,1896
- +July 18, 1982)
Functions of Languages are
related to Factors of Communication*
Russian-American linguist
Literary critic
STRUCTURALISM!!
Vilém Mathesius
Known information
New Information
1926->Founder of the Linguistic Society Circle
( Pardubice, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary —+April 12, 1945, Prague, Czech)
Functional
Linguistics
takes the
viewpoint of
the speaker
Theory of Markedness
/s/
Which one is marked?
Phonological Markedness
Factors and Functions of Communication
/z/
Social Communicator
Prague, Czech Republic.
1926
Heritage of Structuralism
Cultural
Oppositions


by Jakobson
The motorway from Santiago to Valparaíso is called the Route 68.

Phonology
Factors and Functions of Communication
Cultural Oppositions
Phonology
Markedness
"How sounds are used to
convey meaning in a language"
Phonology:
I coined
in 1929.
Theme and Rheme
Where is the Theme?
Where is the Rheme?
The motorway from Santiago to Valparaíso
is called the Route 68.

Theme
Rheme
The
End
(1949)
The Prague School started its activity in 1926.
It was constituted by a group of Czech linguists (headed by Vilém Mathesius) and Russians linguists Roman Jakobson, who belonged to Moscow Linguistic Circle, and Prince Nikolái Trubetzkoy. They were strongly influenced by Ferdinand de Saussure, developing “The Functional Structuralism
Jakobson was the responsible for coining the term “structuralism” in 1929.
Two of the most important works were:
“The Programmatic Prague Theses”
in 1929 and “Principles of Phonology” in 1949
Prague School
This School emphasized on usage, communicative function, and the social context of the language. They took into account and attached a great importance to external factors (political, social and geographical factors).
Its members made important contributions in phonology and development several studies about “phoneme”, “distinctive features”, “markedness”, “topic” and “comment”, and the notion of “implicational universals”.

“Language is an instrument of social interaction among human beings, used with intention of establishing communicative relationships” . Simon C. Dik (Dutch linguist functionalist)
Full transcript