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Culminating Task - Building a Computer
Transcript of Culminating Task - Building a Computer
Presented by Leonard Kuan
2. Power Source – Corsair CX600M - RM175
1. Case/Chassis – Cooler Master PC Chassis K281 ATX RC-K281-KKN1 - RM150
3. Cooling System – CORSAIR Hydro Series H50 Quiet Edition Water / Liquid CPU Cooler. 120mm - RM176
4. Motherboard – MSI MS7900 A88X-G45-G AMD A88X FM2+ Mainboard - RM495
5. CPU – Intel® Core™ i7-4790S Processor - RM984
6. RAM – Corsair 8GB CMZ8GX3M2A1600 DDR3 1600 Vengeance Blue/Red/Black (2x4GB) Dual Memory Kit - RM270
The RAM of a computer is often mixed up with the hard drive. This is because both actually store ‘memory’. RAM stands for Random Access Memory, and because this is stored as random access memory, it only allows information to be stored and accessed from random locations, whereas a hard drive can be accessed and stored sequentially. As you should know, RAM can be commonly seen as 4GB, 8GB, 16GB and so on. The higher your RAM is, the better the overall performance of your computer.
7. Hard Drive – WD 500GB 2.5' INTERNAL HDD (WD5000LPVX)(BLUE) - RM178
The Hard Disk is the main data storage device in the computer. All the files, softwares etc. are stored inside here. Often the hard drive looks just a little smaller than an iPad, but it’s weight is no lighter than some printers. As you can see inside your directories, the main hard drive is often titled as ‘C: Drive’. This is because Windows designates the letter ‘C’ to the primary letter for partitions.
8. Video Card – Gigabyte AMD Radeon R7 250 Graphics Card - GV-R72505-2GI - RM365
The video card of a computer is an expansion card that determines graphic standards of applications that will be displayed onto a monitor/TV/projector etc. In modern-computers, they often do not have video expansion cards as they are replaced with GPUs (Graphics Processing Units). GPUs are units that operate the video card instead of having a separate expansion slot for the video card itself. Since video cards are designed to be placed at the back of the cases/chassis, it is convenient for the user to use it’s ports for connecting output devices. Usually, an upgrade for video cards are unnecessary unless needed for several job requirements or gaming careers.
9. Optical Drive – DVD-ROM/CD-ROM – ASUS DRW-24F1ST – RM64
The Optical Drive reads data from optical discs like CDs and DVDs. However, in modern-day society, this has been replaced by USBs which are much more efficient. There are many formats of optical discs – CD-ROM, DVD-R, BD-R etc. Each one of them has a different characteristic, so make sure to note your format to avoid incompatibility issues.
10. Input Devices: Keyboard and Mouse – Logitech Wireless Illuminated Keyboard K80 – RM315; Corsair Raptor M45 CH-9000052-NA Black 7 Buttons 1x Wheel USB Wired Optical 5000 dpi Gaming Mouse – RM143
11. Output Devices: Monitor – HP 23-inch ProDisplay P231 LED Monitor –E4S07AA#AB4 – RM527
12. Operating System – Microsoft Windows 8.1 (OEM) (64-bit) - RM320
Without an operating system, a computer is useless. As stated above, I have described the processor as the main core/the brain of the computer. However, the operating system is the real shit. The operating system manages the computer’s data, processes, hardware, and software. Different operating systems can display very different outlooks on monitors. Some popular operating systems that are used very commonly by people is Windows and Mac OS. Both are very different, and they are competition between each other. The operating system coordinates all of the units of the computer and ensures each unit is working normally.
Overview of the Parts
2. Power Supply
3. Cooling System
7. Video Card
8. Hard Disk
9. Input Devices - Keyboard & Mouse
10. Output Devices - Monitor
The Case/Chassis of a computer can be described as a shield compiling all of the parts of the computer. The case of a computer helps store all the hardware of a computer excluding the peripheral parts such as the monitor, the speakers etc. Several computer cases come with a built-in power supply, and some do not. Since the housing of laptops do store it’s necessary parts too, it is considered to be a case/chassis although they cannot be separated from the laptop itself. Often computer manufacturers say, “Just bring the computer in”, what they are referring to is the PC case with the parts in it.
The Power Source of a computer is generally responsible for transferring power from the output socket into usable energy for the computer. The Power Source (PSU: Power Supply Unit) is often mounted at the back section inside the chassis. Considering the fact that each computer part requires a specific amount of wattage to function properly, it is very important to choose the suitable power source for your computer. Note: It is also common that newly bought computer cases can come with a built-in power source.
The Cooling System basically reduces the heat output from the computer aka sustaining the heat. Although some say that it is not necessary for a computer to have a cooling system, it is very essential for computers with high-end graphics in order to decrease heat emissions. In the modern-day society, there are generally two types of cooling systems – fan-cooling and liquid-cooling. Basically, most computers commonly use heat sinks and fans to dispel heat. So you might be wondering, what is the difference? Well, both has a specific heat capacity that it can withstand before they overheat. Water has a higher thermal conductivity and a higher specific heat capacity as well.
As stated itself on the name, a motherboard of a computer plays a role as a mother. The motherboard is responsible to connect and merge all parts of the computer together to get the computer functioning. These parts are the RAM, hard drives, optical drives, video cards etc. The motherboard also contributes to the goal of making the whole system smaller in size. On this plate of dreams, it contains card slots for video cards and sound cards; USB ports for peripheral devices such as the mice, the keyboard etc.
The processor needs to be in place if you want the computer to work! The processor of a computer simply works like your brain. It processes information from softwares and translates it to commands for the computer to display. In present day, there are many models of processors on the market, the most common processors are supplied by Intel. Processing speed is measured in MHz (Megahertz), where 1 MHz = 1 million cycles per second. At this point in technology, the highest MHz ever made was around 3.8MHz. So in general terms, if your processing speed is faster, the time to take to load applications up will tend to be faster as well. Funfact: Processors can be separated into three sections – Dual core, Triple core and Quad core. It basically means that the ‘dual’ core is capable of running two cpus, and so on for triple & quad core.
Input devices of a computer are hardwares that allows us to send instructions/data to the computer. Without these devices, the computer would simply be like a display screen without any interaction. There are a lot of types of input devices that can be connected to the computer such as a mouse, a keyboard, a camera, a microphone etc. Input devices are not to be mixed up with output devices which can be similar but are different. For example, a printer is an output device but it is also a separate hardware that can be connected to the computer. A printer does not give information to the computer, but it ‘generate’ things.
Finally, the monitor. The monitor plays a perfect role for output devices. Without a monitor/other display hardware connected to your computer, it would be like your hardwares working together to make nothing out of it. Monitors are very similar to televisions, but our computer monitors are slightly smaller in size. The most essential thing about the monitor is that it connects either to an HDMI, DVI or VGA port on the computer. That being said, it is important that you check both devices can support the connection.
Every part that I had chosen for this
custom desktop are are all decided by the
price and the efficiency. That being said,
the total cost for this whole set is approximately RM 4,000. In conclusion, I found out that the processor/CPU took up most of the cost (RM984).
Thank you for listening for this phenomenal computer formation, my computer,
"Man is still the most extraordinary computer of all"
- John F. Kennedy
- Mesh design on front panel mainly for optimized cooling
- High-end graphic cards are supported
- Supports up the x3 120mm fans
When I was thinking which case to pick for my customized PC, I mainly thought about the outlook and the expandability.
- 80PLUS Bronze Certified
- Little/no detectable fan
- High energy efficiency
(less heat generation, lower
When I was thinking which power
source to chose for my
customized PC, I mainly
thought about the amount
of wattage it provides.
- Low fan noise
- Provides high-speed circulation
- Quick n easy installation
When I was thinking which cooling system to chose for my customized PC, I thought about the noise it projected and how affective it would be.
- Supports dual and triple display function
- Supports x4 DDR3
- Supports Athlon processors
When I was thinking which motherboard to choose
for my customized PC, I thought about the processors
it would support and the slots it provided.
- 3.2 GHz Clock Speed
- Intel HD Graphics 4600
- Includes Intel Clear Video HD Tech.
When I was thinking which processor to choose for my
customized PC, I mainly thought about the clock speed
and the popularity of processor.
- x2 4GB Memory Modules
When I was thinking how much RAM should I
input for my customized PC, I simply thought
about the amount of RAM it provided and
the type of motherboards it
- Slim design
- Decent reviews (mainly shipping)
When I was thinking what kind of hard drive
I would choose for my customized PC, I mainly thought about the capacity of the drive.
- Aggressive outlook
- 4600MHz Memory Clock Speed
- Extreme resolution standards
When I was thinking which video card to
choose for my customized PC, I thought about memory interface and power supply requirement.
- Stated as a energy-saver
- Simple disc encryption
When I thought about which optical drive
to choose for my customized PC, I thought
about disc writing speed.
When I thought about what input devices to
choose for my customized PC, I considered the
mouse and the keyboard mainly because they
are with no doubt essential in order for the
computer to function normally.
- 23 inch
When I thought about what output devices to connect to my computer, a monitor was the most wanted hardware in my mind.