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Calculating Immigration and Emigration Rates
Transcript of Calculating Immigration and Emigration Rates
Net Migration Rate
the difference between people immigrating to a country and people emigrating from the same country
If we combine the two...
we can find the
net migration rate
CONDITIONS THAT CAUSE PEOPLE TO LEAVE THEIR COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
How did we get here
This activity requires you to think about how immigration is linked directly to you and your family...
Think about the first generation to immigrate to Canada in your family; was it:
Write your name and the country your family has emigrated from, then bring your card up to the board
As we can see from this activity, each one of us has experienced immigration to Canada, whether personally or from generations prior
It's important to note that we have all moved from another country for a variety of reasons....
FACTORS THAT DRAW IMMIGRANTS TO A COUNTRY
What is Immigration?
To move permanently to a country other than one's native country
What is Emigration?
To leave a country of origin to live permanently in another country
In order to find out the number of immigrants moving to a country, we calculate immigration rate
Immigration rate = number of people who have immigrated to a country per 1000 people in a year
Step 1: divide the number of immigrants arriving to a country by a country's total population
Step 2: multiply the result by 1000
(number of immigrants arriving to a country/country's total population) X 1000
On the other hand, in order to determine the number of people leaving a country we must calculate emigration rate
Emigration Rate = number of people leaving a country per 1000 people in a year
Step 1: divide the number of people emigrating from a country by a country's total population
Step 2: multiply the result by 1000
(number of emigrants leaving a country/ country's total population) X 1000
Population increases for two reasons -
(more births than deaths)
(more people move to Canada than leave Canada)
Step 1: subtract immigration rate from emigration rate
Step 2: divide result by 1000
Step 3: multiply result by 100
(immigration rate - emigration rate / 1000) X 100
Now that we know how to calculate birth rate, death rate, immigration rate and emigration rate, we can calculate
population growth rate
measurement that combines both natural increase and net migration to calculate the overall growth of a country's population
(natural increase rate + net migration rate/ 1000) X 100
Population growth can increase or decrease drastically
If a population is growing too quickly, what are some issues that could arise? (hint: think back to the BBC Documentary)
What if it's declining too drastically?
Finding the Doubling Time of Population
As we've discussed in previous classes, population is growing exponentially....that means, extremely rapid increase in population within a short period of time
We can calculate this growth by the
rule of 70
Divide 70 by the population growth rate = an estimate of how many years it will take the population to double
70 / population growth rate
There are 3 types of immigrants:
Refugee - a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
Economic - someone who goes to a new country because living conditions or opportunities for jobs are not good in their own country
Family - when family members and close relatives of Canadian citizens or landed immigrants can be brought to Canada
Canada's government wanting to settle in the Prairies, offers free land and other incentives to immigrants
Mostly from Eastern Europe
Many Europeans fleeing the devastation caused by war and the political and economic consequences that followed
Many Italians moving to Canada
Immigrants seek political stability before China retakes control of Hong Kong in 1997
Arrival of 1000's of Hong Kong chinese
Immigrants seek a safe haven from conflicts that engulfed their country
Many people from Afghanistan come to Canada
Canada has experienced periods of boom and bust ...
Canada's point system is used to decide which people will be allowed to become economic class immigrants
A skilled worker needs 67 points while a business worker needs 35 points to qualify
Total - 100 points
To get maximum points you need:
A graduate degree and at least 17 years of full-time or full-time equivalent study
High proficiency in both English and French
Four or more years of experience
To be 21 to 49 years of age
A confirmed offer of permanent employment recognized by Human Resources Development Canada
A spouse who is well-educated; the applicant or spouse to have studied and worked in Canada; to have an arranged job; family living in Canada