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Connecting with Technology, Research and Information Literacy

Chapter 7
by

Helen Nguyen

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of Connecting with Technology, Research and Information Literacy

Chapter 7 Connecting with Technology, Research,
and Information Literacy After high school many students decide to set college aside and continue with the job they think is paying well. However, college and the effects it has on you in the future are very significant. OR!AND!NOT!QUOTATION! When searching in a search engine like Google, the words OR, AND, or NOT can decrease the number of hits you get.

For example, if you are writing a paper on the Manhattan project and type in “Manhattan project”, you will get 35,900,000 hits.
If you type in “Manhattan project AND scientist”, you will get 2,140,000 hits.
If you type in “Manhattan project OR scientist”, you will get 3,320,000 hits.
If you type in “Manhattan project NOT scientist”, you will get 2,940,000 hits.

While the number of site that you get is still high, it still drastically reduces the numbers of hits you get, saving you time. Using AND will narrow your search to a specific point. Using OR will provide information for either topic. Using NOT will exclude information that is not wanted. 1. Spatial
is when you arrange information or items according to their direction or location.
2. Cause-Effect
is when you discuss the causes of the problem and then explore the effects.
3. Chronological
is when you present information in the order in which it happened.
4. Problem-Solving
is often used in persuasive papers to get your reader to accept your proposal.
5. Tropical/Categorical
is when you group information into subdivisions or cluster information into categories.
6. Importance/Priority
allows you to arrange information from most important issue to the least important or vice versa. ORGANIZATIONS Ways to Document
Your Research Three Most Widely Used Methods
MLA (Modern Language Association)
Sherfield, Robert M., and Patricia G. Moody. "How to Document an Article Found on the Web." Name of Website, 20 Dec. 2010. Web. 25 Mar. 2011
<www.sherfieldmoodydocuments.com>

APA (American Psychological Association)
Sherfield, R., & Moody, P. (2011). How to document ab article found on the web. Retrieved from www.sherfieldmoodydocuments.com

CMS (Chicago Manual of Style)
Sherfield, Robert M., and Patricia G. Moody. "How to Document an Article Found on the Web." Accessed March 25, 2011, www.sherfieldmoodydocuments.com D.A.R.T.S. Can you hit the Bullseye with D.A.R.T.S?
Does becoming information literate just happen? NO!
Becoming True Information Literacy (IL) begins by understanding the process of research.
Using D.A.R.T.S system for information literacy- you can research with better results.

D- Determine
A- Access
R- Read
T- Transfer
S- Select
T- Transfer the Information to Create Your Project
Now that you have your credible and reliable sources you can now transform all of the information into your final product, your project.

You can use these organization techniques to organize your project information:

Spacial Organization

Cause and Effect Reflection Technology is an amazing part of our lives. Though it can be frustrating but it give us joy and efficiency.

As you work toward improving your technology, research, and information literacy skills, consider some of the following:
Work hard to learn the technology tools
Manage your time carefully (work before play)
Use the D.A.R.T.S System of Information Literacy to guide your research
Guard your online privacy
Take online classes as seriously as you take your face-to-face classes Introduction Real Life Stories William Paddok of Louisville, Kentucky decided after high school he was going to attend college at the Louisville Technical Institute. In his story he tells his three choices he had which were, go to college, get a job, or join the military. After attending college and graduating he is an IT security specialist. The Fast, Ever-Changing Face of Technology Technology changes everyday. From big cell phones with an antenna to touch screen cell phones
College classes, entire degrees, schedules, course listings, and other pertinent information and programs are online. What is your purpose for getting online?
You may have a certain purpose for getting on the internet but when you do you may not know it but you stop to check your tweets or get on YouTube to watch a video.
Spending quality time online can be fun in the sense of when going online use your favorite e-tools.
Have a plan and a timeline when you do go online.
When you are on the internet don’t sign into Facebook or Twitter.
Treat your time online like it is your time at work.
Give yourself enough time to do all of your things online. Spending Time Online Today technology has advanced so much.
If there is an application online that you are not familiar with you can simply use a site such as www.youtube.com
This is the number reliable source I turn to Evaluating Your Technology Skills Types of Technology in Education Software programs - Microsoft Office
Learning Management Systems - Blackboards
Group Communication Tools - Twitter
Social Networking - Facebook
Photo/Video Building - YouTube
Search/Research Engines - Google
Tools to Help You Learn to Use New Technology - YouTube
Document-Sharing Tools - PBWorks
Digital Note-Taking Systems - MyNoteIt Locations and maps: www.gooleearth.com www.mapquest.com
Whether a book in print: www.barnesandnoble.com www.amazon.com
U.S. and state population, economic, and workforce data: www.census.gov
Information about famous people: www.loc.gov www.who2.com www.biography.com/search
Unbiased information and comparisons of world religions: www.patheos.com
Federal or state legislation: www.thomas.loc.gov www.house.gov www.whpgs.org/f.htm
Magazine and newspaper articles: www.newslink.org www.ehow.com
Information about a specific country: www.infoplease.com www.countryreports.org
Information about careers: www.bls.gov www.careeroverview.com www.occupationalinfo.org
Brief contents and entire scanned books: www.books.google.com www.openlibrary.org
Simple, effective instructional videos on math, history, physics, and finance: www.khanacademy.org Most educational institutions and businesses use social networking sites in numerous ways to interact with students and customers, It is recommended to familiarize yourself with as many social networking site and become an expert at least in one of them. Regardless of occupation, employers will look for social media experts in other to help them connect to other customers.

Examples: Facebook, Linkedln, Twitter, Google+ Social Media For Educational Purposes Today there are many students and employees that work in virtual teams and they find that collaborative communication programs to be very helpful and effective. The three main collaborative communication programs are wikis, Google docs, and Skype. A wiki is a webpage that can be viewed and modified by anyone that has internet with a web browser. This enables people to change and modify information which leads to people collaborating with others online easy. Google Docs is great tool for virtual teams because for one its free and it enables you to create documents, spreadsheets, presentation, forms, and drawings. Collaborative Communication Programs Select the Appropriate Documentation Style Citations or documentations let readers or listeners know where you located your information.
You HAVE TO cite all the statistics, quotes, and excerpts from works that you referred.

The following must be cited if used:
ANY copyright informations (music, poem, etc.); most of those kind of works require permission.
Direct quotations
Opinions, judgements, and insights of others you summarize or paraphrase
Information that is not widely known
Information that is open to dispute
Information that is not commonly accepted
Tables, charts, graphs, and statistics taken from a source How Do You Succeed in Distance-Education Courses? Distance-learning courses are usually more difficult for an average student because they require being highly self-disciplined.
However, the benefits for distance-learning courses are flexible hours and few, if any, class meetings.
Online classes allow you to go at your own pace, but when deadlines are set, then you must meet that deadline. D- Determine the Information You Need by Using Your Topic

Identify and narrow your topic to something manageable and specific
Also, determine what type of info: facts, opinions, interviews, etc.
~The Internet can be a good source of information, but with so many research results one can come down with information overload.

Information Overload
with so much information on hand, this can cause negative effects on the learning process leading someone to become frustrated during the research process
~With so much information, we go into complete frustration

Information Paralysis
with so much information you don’t know what to do with
- With so much information and decisions to make over them you end up doing nothing

D.A.R.T.S is good because we can make slower, well-though decision instead of quick, bad decisions A- Access the Information From a Variety of Sources

Now that you have your topic down pact- you will want to begin the process of accessing valuable, reliable, credible information.
Instead of using just the Internet, use other resources: such as, journals, scholarly books, newspapers, or even interviews.
Also, use the a libraries librarian as a resource
Using the Internet can be fun and fast but true research comes from ones research skills and critical- literary skills.

Being information literate requires you to seek and use a variety of resources- however, you must know when you have enough information.

TIP:
~understand the info comes from many different places
~as you put your information together, determine what info is missing, where to put
~always know where you got your info, for future reference and citation R - Read and Evaluate the Information
for Accuracy and Credibility

Now that you have your topic, thesis, and your sources it’s time to read/view your sources in great detail
This will help you determine if your source information is valid, accurate, and credible- looking at your sources helps in identifying if the facts given are presented correctly, up to-date, logical fair, unbiased, and usable.

Questions to ask if a source is reliable
1. Is the information credible, valid, accurate, and reliable?
2. Is the information given and opinion or fact?
3. Is the information popular or scholary?
4. Is the information up to date and timely?
5. Does it have depth or shallow information?
6. Is the information fair/unbiased and logical/serious?
7. And finally, does it have a reliable source to cite from? Maximizing The Use Of Technology Regardless of the major that you choose to pursue, you will have to at least work with some level of technology in each of your classes.

Nowadays, the use of technology is almost inevitable because it is used widely to help carry out needed tasks. Privacy and Security Issues As of 2013, the library of congress has archived every tweet sent on twitter.
There is no privacy on the web.
Watch what online activities you take part in.
Silly or romantic posts online can be the difference between being hired for your dream job and not being able to acquire a career.
Your photos and words are public on the web. Tips to protect yourself and your online information: Create a strong password (use a combination of 8 letters, numbers, and symbols)
DO NOT share your passwords with anyone
DO NOT use common events such as birthdays, anniversaries, or a child’s birth as passwords
Be careful where you upload photos because it can be found on the internet with a simple search
Use secure only websites for financial transactions and look for security seals like Verisign, Comodo, and GeoTrust
Do not use debit cards online (only credit cards and PayPal)
Learn how to use online security settings and features
Don’t give away your location
Install spy ware protection
Delete cookies from other websites
Be aware of phishing schemes like “updating records”
Teach your children not to share private information or go into unknown sites and rooms Ridin’ High On The Information Super Highway Whether your are texting, chatting, or talking in person, there are guidelines that will make people take you and your correspondences in a serious manner (Rules Of The Road).

Use the 24 hour rule when responding to a heated part of correspondence.
Text language (LOL,OMG, ect.) is fine when texting or IMing with friends, but not for emails or class projects and papers. Consider other people’s time and how many emails they receive when texting, IMing, ect. Treat people how you would like them to treat you (courtesy, politeness, and respect). Don’t use language that you wouldn’t want your grandmother to read.Online communications should contain correct and proper openings as well as closing salutations, not just content that begins and ends. Practicing Information Literacy In The Age Of Technology • Anyone can place information on the internet. Most information online is not read for accuracy, judged on truth, or critique for it’s worth. Some information will be correct and valuable, and others will have lies, and misleading claims. Some information may be helpful and guide you in the right direction, while others may scam you into buying something.

• Information Literacy
includes the skills a person needs to see what information is essential, where it can be found, how much of it is needed, how to analyze and organize it to create to create the “product” and last, how to cite it properly.

• If you master this process, then you will gain more control over what you are learning and how you can apply it. You will also become a savvy consumer about everyday things like shopping, voting, investing, purchasing, ect. 1. What is the title of this Chapter?

2. What are 3 things you can do to protect yourself and your information?

3. How many questions do you need to ask a source to see if it's reliable?

4. What's the difference between information overload and information paralysis?

5. Name 3 organization styles

6. Name 3 types of technology used in education

7. What are the three widely used methods to document your research?

8. What does each letter of D.A.R.T.S mean?

9. How do you create a strong password?

10. What 3 words should you use to narrow your search down?

Bonus - What is the creature in the top left corner of the maze called? It is Quiz TIME!!!
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