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Transcript of The Mungiki
by Marissa Raczynski, Taylor Bailey, Lauren LaRosa, Julia DePuyt
the group typically attracts young men
the Mungiki originated as just another one of the many machete-wielding ethnic gangs that plague many African countries.
Language of the Mungiki
The Mungiki speak in the language of Giĩgiĩkũyũ.
It is the language of the Kikuyu.
It is an archaic language that has origins in Arabic, and other native African dialects.
the Kenyan police kill over 8,000 people, 4,000 of which get away
over the past five months, the Kenyan police have killed 500 Mungiki members
the Mungiki have managed to gather significant political and economic force through large scale recruitment and violence.
Number of Members
There could be as many as 100,000 gang members from Kenya's largest ethnic group, Kikuyu.
They are viewed as both a criminal syndicate and a terrorist group.
The Mungiki are currently in the territory of the Kikuyu tribe. They are centralized in Nairobi.
Where the Mungiki are Today
they must swear on oath of secrecy: "You take the oath. I cut myself, you cut yourself, we mix it. I suck your blood, you suck my blood, and then we are linked, and you can never surrender."
members who reveal mungiki secerets will be killed by the group.
Maina Njenga and Ndura Waruinge are the two main leaders of the Mungiki tribe.
In 2009, Mungiki leader Maina Njenga was released from prison and acquitted of murder charges.
Ndura Waruinge, renounced the sect and converted first to Islam and changed his name to Ibrahim, then to Christianity and changed his name to Hezekiah perhaps intending to wash his settle his sins with all possible deities, the ultimate Pascal’s Wager.
The Mungiki is a counterculture because they are not only distinct from the dominant Kenyan culture but also try to rise up and challenge and change it through violence
in 2002, fifty people died in clashes involving owners of matatus in Nairobi and the Mungiki.
in 2007, the Mungiki beheaded matatu drivers, conductors, and Mungiki defectors. The Kenyan government became involved and 100 people were killed.
On July 12, 2007, the Mungiki mutilated the body of a two year old boy, possibly as part of a ritual.
They were also linked to the murder of an American mother and two daughters.
They are known for beheading and the barbaric practice of female circumcision.
the main rival of the Mungiki is the Kenyan government.
the Mungiki have a track record of government manipulation and willingly inciting riots
they are also at odds with the Kalenjin, the Taliban (no Islamic extreamist connection),
this flag represents the Mungiki's colors, green, red, and black, as well as the symbol in which they communicate with each other.
Colloquialisms of the Mungiki
Specifics of their origin, colloquialisms, and doctrines are unclear. What is clear is that they favor a return to indigenous African traditions.
In Kenya, the ritual gangsters go through before they head out on a mission happens all too frequently among the residents of Nairobi's Mwiki neighborhood in the Kasarani district. It's one of those obscenely poor, sketchy places where people who know better do not wander around solo.
began in the 1980's as a local militia to protect Kikuyu farmer's land
they wanted to return to traditional Kikuyu ways and as a grew it attracted landless poverty stricken young men looking for cash and respect.
Mungiki means "multitude", "a united people" or "masses"