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The World of 1919 Timeline

History Project (Crystal Wang, Marinah Zhao)

Crystal Wang

on 20 October 2012

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Transcript of The World of 1919 Timeline

Major Events Timeline The World of 1919 1917 FEB
The February (March) Revolution 1917
The Provisional Government 1917 Nov.
The October (November) Revolution 1918 March
The Treaty of Brest- Litovsk 1918
Communism When Tsar Nicholas failed to meet the citizen’s demands during a time of extreme economic unrest. 200,000 strikers march in Petrograd and forced Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate. The Russian monarchy, in which the Romanov family had ruled for 300 years, was overthrown and a provisional government formed in its place. 1918
Civil War in Russia: The Reds versus the Whites 1919
Paris Peace Conference Treaty of Versailles League of
Nation 1921 March
Lenin's NEP (New Economic Policy) 1927- 1939
Joseph Satlin and the Five Year Plans (1st and 2nd) Work Cited Mr. Jakoy
History 12
By Crystal and Marinah Description and Significance Description and Significance The Bolsheviks led by Lenin arrested the provisional government and seized power. Russia becomes the world’s first communist state, changing Russia dramatically in every aspect.. Private property is abolished, industrial enterprises are nationalized and the Communist Party becomes the only governing party. Communism becomes a threat to the capitalist democracies of the West and vice versa. Description and Significance Description and Significance Description and Significance After the Russian Revolution, the Communist Party introduces the drastic policies of communism which was before theoretical. Capitalism is completely suppressed. The government takes control of all of Russia’s industries and food is requisitioned to the urban population from the peasants. This results in the Russian economy completely breaking down. When deciding the treaty to end WWI, US President hoped for leniency towards Germany, French Premier wanted revenge and British Prime Minister was in between. No countries were completely satisfied with the Treaty, especially Germany and Italy. Germany had no input in the conference while Italy, an Ally, was not treated as an equal. The conference had made Germany and Italy resentful against the “Big Three”. The League of Nations aimed to encourage international cooperation in disputes and to improve social conditions. However, iit reached decisions slowly and its sanctions were ineffective. Its members included the major European nations, but it lacked two superpowers: USA and Russia. It wanted world peace, but without an enforcing army, it did not succeed. Description and Significance When Joseph Stalin succeeded Lenin, Stalin establishes a command economy. Farms become collectivized and new capital is invested in industrial development, science, education and the military which improves the standard of living. Russia transforms from an agricultural to an industrial society in the span of ten years. It’s significance is that Russia has become a superpower in size, in industry and in military resources. Description and Significance Description and Significance Description and Significance Description and Significance Description and Significance When the Romanov family got arrested, the power had been transferred to Duma, the parliamentary organization which leaded by Alexander Kerensky and the workers council. Power were controlled by the lower class instead of nobolities. At the same time Duma decided to countinue fighting the WW1 which caused even greater lose for Russia Separate peace treaty in WW1 signed by the Soviet Russia after Lenin seized the power in order to let Russia quit the war. Russia gave up cloes to half of its European territories and huge areas of prime agricultural land, 80% of coal mines and half other industries. Russian population violently oppose the Bolsheviks and many workers saw the treaty as an betrayal of their country, some left socialist revoluntionaries withdrew from the Bolsheviks and took the white side in the civil war. A multi-player war fought between the Red Army leaded by the Bolsheviks (communism) and the White Army (Anti-communism, absolute monarchy) united under the Czar. The civil war caused fundamental changes in the national industrial structure, leaded to the readjustment of class relations, overthrown of the noble class and in the end the bourgeoisie came into power. Russian shifted from absolute monarchy to communism. The peace settlement negotiated at the Paris Conference. Its terms included reparation payment, limitations on Germany's military force, the surrender of German colonies and the establishment of the league of nation. This was the first time the big three (USA, Britain & France) made decisions together. Germany forced to sign the treaty therefore the WW1 was ended. Most German felt humilated and angry because Germany was not even invited to the Conference. People in Germany thought German would be crippled in many ways and historians believed it was a major cause of second World War. NEP is a temporary retreat from full socialism to partial capitalism for the purpose of rebuilding Russia's economy. NEP states that private small business are permitted, peasants only have to hand over to the government a fixed proportion of crop and keep or sell the rest, also private ownership of land is allowed. Lenin's NEP theory increased production, improved agriculture and it helped regrowing Russia economy at a certain degrees. But at the same time some socialist concerned that NEP may eventually destroy the socialist priority and communism. Quinlan, Don, et al. Twentieth Century Viewpoints. 2nd ed. N.p.: Oxford UP, 2003. Print.
Darling, Jay. The League of Nations Argument in a Nutshell. 22 Feb. 1919. The Authentic History
Centre. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.authentichistory.com/1914-1920/3-lon/
The February Revolution. N.d. Robert Graham's Anarchism Weblog. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.
"Let’s carry out the five year plan in 4 years!" Watts Up With That? Wordpress.com, n.d. Web. 10
Oct. 2012. <http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/11/16/
"What Does the Five Year Plan Mean to Him?" Allposters.co.uk. Art & AllPosters International B.V., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.allposters.co.uk/-sp/
"PinkMonkey Online Study Guide-World History." Pinkmonkey.com. PinkMonkey.com, 17 Mar. 2005. Web. 10
Oct. 2012. <http://www.pinkmonkey.com/studyguides/subjects/worldhis/chap12/w1212301.asp>.
Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. N.d. Historical Wallpapers. Web. 11 Oct. 2012.
Traktat brzeski. N.d. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Beloe Delo. 1919. Wikipedia. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Members of the Provisional Government. N.d. Broken World. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
Peace Terms. Versailles, France. 1919. The History Place. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
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