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Transcript of Autism
Toddlers & Preschool
2-4 years old
Did you know?
So why do Social workers care?
Autism now affects 1 in 68 children
1 in 42 boys (5x more likely)
Autism is the fastest-growing serious developmental
disability in the U.S.
Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on average
There is no medical detection or cure for autism
Annotated community resource inventory
1. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy
2. DIR Floortime Model
3. Additional services- occupational & speech therapy
Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA); Discrete Trial Training
Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based Model (DIR/Floortime)
Time Requirement: 35-40 hours per week
Purpose is to replace unwanted negative behavior with more acceptable behavior through positive reinforcement and repetitive trials (play therapy)
Adaptive skills, cognitive skills, compliance skills, language skills, IQ, & Social functioning
Time Requirement: 14-35 hours per week
Involves clinicians, parents, and educators
Creating bond between parent and child and fostering social and emotional development
Strengths and limitations
Social functioning, emotional functioning, information gathering
Age of parent
2%-–18% chance of a second child
Drugs, environmental chemicals, infectious agents, dietary
factors, and other physical/psychological stressors
Courtesy Stigma: Termed by Goffman, family members who experience stigma due to affiliation with the stigmatized individual
Perceived: Mothers usually feel more stigma than fathers as they take on the role of the caretaker
- Competence of the parent
- Discrepancy between appearance and behavior
Dependent on Age of the Autistic Child
North Los Angeles Regional Center
Boone Fetter Clinic (Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles)
Easter Seals Disability Services
Beautiful Mind Center for Autism Inc.
Autism Now- List of Agencies in California
CSUN Autism clinic (Institute for Community Health and Well being)
Trumpet Behavioral Health San Fernando Valley
Sunrise School for Autism and Developmental Disabilities
Los Angeles Familes for Effective Autism Treatment
Autism Society of Los Angeles
The Help Group
The Lovaas Institute (West)
Vista Center for Behavioral Analysis
Autism Education Site (List of schools in CA)
Autism is reported to exist in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups
Autism in immigrant population: Language barriers
Cost of intervention services and diagnosis
Power & Privilege :
: Individuals with Disability Act of 1997; cultivating tolerance among society
Early signs in babies and toddlers
CHAT (Checklist for Autism in Toddlers)
6 months: No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions.
9 months: No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or other facial
12 months: Lack of response to name,
No babbling or “baby talk,”
No back-and-forth gestures (pointing, showing, reaching, or
16 months: No spoken words.
24 months: No meaningful two-word phrases that don’t involve
imitating or repeating ("carry me," "me go").
Warrant Immediate evaluation by pediatrician
Anderson, C., Law, J., Daniels, A., Rice, C., Mandell, D. , et al. (2012). Occurrence and family impact of elopement in children with autism
spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 130(5), 870-877.
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Campbell, J.M. (2006). Changing children’s attitudes towards autism: A process of persuasive communication. Journal of Developmental
and Physical Disabilities, 18, 251-269.
Dietert, R., Dietert, J. , & Dewitt, J. (2011). Environmental risk factors for autism. Emerging Health Threats Journal, 4, 1-11.
Dyches, T.T., Wilder, L.K., Sudweeks, R.R., Obiakor, F.E., Algozzine, B. (2004). Multicultural Issues in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental
Disorders, 34, 211-2211.
Gordon, A. (2013). Scientists explore autism-gut connection: Probing bacteria's role in health, disease, brain development. Toronto Star, IN.1.
Gray, D.E. (2008). Perceptions of stigma: the parents of autistic children. Sociology of Health and Wellness, 15, 102-119.
Liu, K., King, M., Bearman, P.S. (2010). Social influence and the Autism Epidemic. Journal of Sociology, 115, 1387-1434.
Lovaas. (2014). The Lovaas Institute. Retrieved November 9, 2014 from http://www.lovaas.com/
Ludlow, A. , Skelly, C. , & Rohleder, P. (2012). Challenges faced by parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
Journal of Health Psychology, 17(5), 702-711
Ryan, J., Hughes, E., Katsiyannis, A. , McDaniel, M. , & Sprinkle, C. (2014). Research-based educational practices for students
with autism spectrum disorders. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 47(2), 94-102.
So... What's the problem?
* Autism is increasing in prevalence
* Autism can affect family functioning and cohesiveness depending on
the severity of the spectrum
* Stigmatization from society onto child & family
What is Autism?
A complex disorder in brain development (neurodevelopment) that cause social impairment, difficulties communicating & expressing/identifying emotions
Displayed through repetitive behaviors and tantrums
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
- Provide resources and help navigate system
- Victimization- 10x more often
* Social Skills
- Social workers have moved to the forefront of social skills training
- Adoption of social-cognition program (Michelle Garcia Winner, SLP)