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Developments in 3D Printing. Presented by GoPrint3D. Presentation covers history of 3D Printing, market sectors, manufacturers and other information relating to 3D Printing

Kevin Askew

on 26 January 2017

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Transcript of i-UG

Developments in 3D Printing
Where is 3D Printing used?
Education - Primary - Secondary
Who are GoPrint3D
Part of the Express Group - Established in 1988 Express Group are a specialist pan European IT Parts distributor and printer repair company supporting HP, Lexmark, Epson, OKI, Kyocera and Brother.

Workshop repairs of over 800 office printers a month
Fixing Printers with Printers - Express Group using 3D Printed parts to repair 2D Printers
Defence Contractor developing catches/hinges
Printer Manufacturer developing
SD Card holders.
Medical and dentistry industires are leading the way with bespoke and innovate 3D Printed items
What is 3D Printing
3D printing or additive manufacturing (AM) is any of various processes for making a three-dimensional object of almost any shape from a 3D model or other electronic data source primarily through additive processes in which successive layers of material are laid down under computer control.

Digital to physical
No Tools, No Moulds

History of 3D Printing
1984 - Charles Hull developed the technology for printing physical 3D objects from digital data
1986 - Charles Hull named the technique as Stereolithography and obtained a patent
1986 - Charles Hull founded 3D Systems and developed the first commercial 3D Printing machine
1988 - 3D Systems developed model SLA-250, which was the first version to the general public
1988 - Scott Crump invented Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM)
1989 - Scott Crump founded Stratasys
1991 - Helisys sold its first laminated object manufacturing (LOM) system
1992 - Stratasys sold its first FDM-based machine "3D Modeler"
1992 - DTM sold its first selective laser sintering (SLS) system
1993 - Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) patented "3 Dimensional Printing techniques". It is similar to the inkjet technology used in 2D Printers
1995 - Z Corporation obtained an exclusive license from MIT to use the technology and started developing 3D Printers based on 3DP technology
1996 - Stratasys introduced "Genisys".
1996 - Z Corporation introduced "Z402"
1996 - 3D Systems introduced "Actua 2100". The term "3D Printer" was first used to refer rapid prototyping machines
1997 - EOS sold its stereolithography business to 3-D Systems but remains the largest European produce
2005 - Z Corp. launched Spectrum Z510. It was the first high definition color 3D Printer in the market
2006 - An open source project is initiated - Reprap - which was aimed at developing a self-replicating 3D printer. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
2008 - The first version of Reprap was released. It can manufacture about 50 percent of its own parts.
2008 - first-ever system enabling the manufacture of 3-D parts using several different materials at the same time.
Nov, 2010 - Urbee is the first prototype car is presented
2010 - bioprinting technology, the release of data on the first fully bioprinted blood vessels
2011 - Researchers at Cornell University began to build 3D food printe
2011 - Dutch 3D Printer manufacturer Ultimaker raised300 mm/second and the travel rate to 350 mm/second.
2011 - the world's first 3D chocolate printer
2011 - the world’s first 3D printed aircraft
2011 - 3D Printing in Gold and Silver
2012 - worlds first 3D Printed Jaw is implanted
2012 - Patent infringement lawsuits start to appear
2013 - worlds first 3D Printed Gun
2014 - expiration of key 3D Printing patents

FDM - Fused Deposition Modeling - Plastic
FFF - Fused Filament Fabrication - Plastic
SLA - Stereolithography - Resin
SHS - Selective Heat Sintering
SLS - Selective Laser Sintering - Powder or Metal
SLM - Selective Laser Melting - Metal
LOM - Laminated Object Manufacturing - Paper
SLD - Selective Lamination Deposition - Paper
3D Printing Technology
Making the Future
Fixing 2D printers with 3D
SD Card Holders for small manufacturing run
Automotive Industries - Parts to Full cars
Medical & Dental
3D cast with Sonic implant
Final Part production and prototypes
Sutrue - medical stitching device,
casing 3D Printed
Limbs - costs effective bespoke 3D Printed joints
Engineering & Designers
3D Printed Drone
3D Gun
3D Engine
Artists & Designers
Dresses, jewellery, shoes & more
Architects & Building
(Models to Houses)
A massive growth area for 3D Printing. The ability to design and create models in your own home or via a Bureau service has never been easier.
The RepRap movement is a driving force behind many 3D Printers
Concept - Design - Manufacturer - Evaluation
Reducing lead times and opening up design possibilities, rapid prototyping is driving developments in 3D Printing and materials.
We have been approached by a number of individuals who have ideas for products or businesses who have previously not had the capability or funds to produce an initial model
Democratizing Innovation
The technology has been restricted largely to Design and Technology (DT) classrooms. There is considerable potential, however, for them to be used within a range of STEM subjects, for example to enable links to be made between mathematics, design and physics .

Dept of Education - October2013
“The opportunity to realise a concept or idea quickly into a 3D product is an incredibly powerful teaching tool” (Head of DT, Settlebeck High School)

Future Developments
The technology is moving at a rapid pace with the expiration of patents.

A number of machines are entering the market place both through conventional channels and also Crowd Funding websites.

NASA have sent a 3D Printer into space, this will deliver a 3D Printer among other items to the International Space Station as part of the fourth SpaceX mission.

New materials are advancing the development of machines, these include printing with:

live cells
flexible filaments
CLIP Technology: 11.5 hours to 6.5 minutes
Dissolvable materials

Benefits of 3D Printing
Reduced cost of production
Reduced turn around times for prototypes
Cost effective bespoke items
Repair obsolete items
Reduced Logistic Infrastructure
Works with JIT logistics
Produce items like no other current technology
Very accurate, detailed models
Cost saving - Airbus
FDM/SLA/SDL Printers

Not strictly True!
Capabilities and Limitations
As with any technology different machines have different strengths and weaknesses.

Not every item can be 3D Printed, machines do have their limitations in terms of build size, quality and build capabilities.

Possibilities are endless?
No true out of the box printing experience
Speed of printing - what are you comparing this against?
Definition of print
Z layer height as a measurement
Data in v Results out
Wifi, Cameras and added extras

Kickstarter & Indegogo
Most 3D Printer companies start on these sites, many fail but some are very successful

3Doodler (2 Kickstarter campaigns)
Formlabs - was rated as one of the most successful kickstarter campaigns ever
M3D - Home user 3D printer

Currently 12 3D Printer related campaigns on Kickstarter
123D Design

Tubo CAD

Minecraft - import/export
Google Earth - export

ipad - Printing - not accurate enough
Hand Held



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