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Lean on Me
Transcript of Lean on Me
Lean on Me Central Claims Pass the Minumum Basic Skills Test
Save Eastside High
Ethos "Troubled Students" Out Locks on Doors Ending Racial Tension "Make It Out" Movie Summary
• A former teacher, Joe Clark is appointed as the new principal of run-down and troubled East Side High School in Paterson, NJ, despite the reluctance of local educational authorities.
• As some of his first actions, Clark expels a bunch of troublemakers that continue to make the high school an unsafe place. However, these actions enrage many of the students, parents, and local residents.
• Clark begins to see small results, when there is an incident with a drug dealer at the high school. Clark then goes to extreme measures to help the students by chaining up the doors of the school, which is a violation of the safety code.
• Clark is sent to jail and the students petition to have him freed. He gives the students a speech and then they are sent to take a test, which if they fail their school will be taken over by the state.
• Appeals to emotion and values
• Word choice – demeaning word/racial slurs to bring out the anger emotion
• Example → Clark says, “Education is wasted on you.” Causes the students to be angry and also leads them to be motivated to prove people who doubt them wrong.
• Also plays upon the word “abandon” to emphasize the negative feelings the students feel.
• Clark does to motivate the students and get them “fired up”. Pathos...•Then midway through the speech Clark turns to positive emotions and changes his approach to pathos. •Example → Clark says, “You are not inferior” positive reinforcement, now that they are motivated, he instills confidence in his audience•Clark implements the idea of unity “And show them what East Side High is all about: a spirit that will not die!” Will the intended audience likely find the argument convincing? Why or Why not?
Two intended audiences: students and the people watching the movie.
For the Students the argument is effective because they are angered and motivated by Clark’s appeals to their emotions (pathos).
Also the timing (kairos) is very effective because it is right before the test and also a time of high pressure for the students and school.
For the people who are viewing the movie, the speech is also effective because many can relate to feelings of the students.
The use of pathos is extremely effective because this evokes emotions in the viewers.
It is important to notice that both audiences have the same reaction. There is an extreme appeal to emotion (pathos) in this speech, that is very effective in persuading and motivation both sets of viewers to action. * What reasons does the speaker provide to support his central claim? Are they stated explicitly? If not, how do I know these are in fact supporting reasons?
•Many outsiders believe that they are inferior.
•After getting them riled up Clark tells them that they are not inferior even though their school and grades may be.
• Joe Clark motivates the students by telling them they have an opportunity to prove their adversaries wrong by passing the test.
• If they pass the basic skills test Eastside High School will not be shut down
• Clark instills a sense of pride in them by letting them know that they are all the same.
• Regardless of the outcome they are all in it together. * What evidence (grounds) does the speaker provide to support each of these reasons? What different kinds of evidence does he use? And what varying degrees of credibility do we attribute to these different kinds of evidence? This is where you evaluate logos.
• He makes all the white kids stand up to show that they are all equal.
• The speech is set up in a logical fashion using mainly pathos.
• First he gets the students angry by calling them derogatory names and then he tells them that they are all in it together.
Kairos-when, where, time and context
• “This is the day.”
• The speech was given 1 hour before the state administered basic skills exam.
• Timing plays a huge role in the set up of his speech.
• This is one last chance for the faculty and students of East Side High to prove that they are not destined for failure.
• The speech is similar to a coaches speech before a big game.
• Joe Clark sets up an “Us against the world” mentality for the students. Joe Clark wrote this argument. You should take this argument seriously because Clark truly cares about the kidsClark is putting his career on the line for these kids Clark is speaking to the students at East Side, he is trying to motivate them so that they perform well on the basic skills test, if they don’t do well the school will be taken over by the state. Joe Clark
Lean on Me