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Past simple and past continuous
Transcript of Past simple and past continuous
the uses, and the differences between the past simple and past continuous. PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS We use the past simple for:
-Actions finished in the past.
Ex: I slept well last night.
-Actions in the past taking place in the middle of another action USES FORM AND STRUCTURE In affirmative, for irregular verbs, we use the past form (2nd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed” to infinitive
Questions and negative sentences require an auxiliary verb. FORM AND STRUCTURE Ex: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang. *In affirmative sentences:
Subject + Verb with-ed + CPL. *In negative sentences:
Subject + Didn't + Verb(infinitive) + CPL. *In questions:
DID + Subject + Verb in infinitive + ? USES FORM AND STRUCTURE FORM AND STRUCTURE We use the past continuous to indicate that:
-A longer action in the past was interrupted.
-Two actions were happening at the same time
-An action is in progress in the past. In affirmative and interrogative sentences we use the verb to be in past simple (was for the sing. and were for the plural) and the verb in infinitive finished in -ing.
In negative sentences we use the verb to be in past simple in negative (wasn't for the sing. and weren't of the plural). Affirmative:
Subject +verb to be in past + verb finished in -ing + CPL.
Subject + verb to be in past + not + verb finished in -ing + CPL.
Verb to be in past + subject + verb finished in -ing + ? SIGNAL WORDS Yesterday, last week, when, a month ago... SIGNAL WORDS While. THE PAST CONTINUOUS AND THE PAST SIMPLE TOGETHER Ex: I was watching TV when she called. Ex: I was studying while he was making dinner. Ex: I was singing. 2 actions Long action: past continuous (while) Short action: past simple (when) Examples:
-While I was having a shower, phone rang.
-I was riding my bike, when I saw my mother. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!