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Ancient Middle East: circa 3000 B.C. - A.D. 100

Explore the timeline of the historical landmarks of the time period that impacted their literature.

Meagan Robinson

on 25 January 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Middle East: circa 3000 B.C. - A.D. 100

3500 B.C. (cc) image by jantik on Flickr The Ancient Middle East: circa 3000 B.C. - A.D. 100 3000 B.C. Sumerians develop cuneiform writing Egyptians invent hieroglyphic writing Cuneiform tablets are written on Sumerian tablets Gilgamesh is king in Uruk Old Kingdom in Egypt 4500 B.c.-Sumerians settle in Mesopotamia 3500 B.C.-city-states emerge in Sumer 2500 B.C. The Pyramids and the Great Sphinx are built in Egypt Legends about Gilgamesh begin to appear on cuneiform tablets 2000 B.C. Egyptian texts compiled Middle Kingdom in Egypt (1938-1630 B.C.) Babylon reaches its cultural and artistic peak under Hammurabi Hammurabi's Coad is set down in Babylon (1750 B.C.) Hittites invade Babylon (1600 B.C.) Egyptian Book of the Dead is assembled (1580-1350 B.C.) 1500 B.C. New Kingdom in Egypt Religious reforms instituted in Egypt Assyrians rise to power in Mesopotamia The Epic of Gilgamesh is written down by Babylonians
in Mesopotamia
1000 B.C. The Torah is assembled from earlier Hebrew texts The writings of the Hebrew Bible prophets are composed Many Hebrews are taken into exile by Babylon King Nebuchadnezzar II (587 B.C.) 500 B.C. Last Egyptian dynasty Alexander the Great conquers Mesoptamia and Egypt Jesus of Nazareth is born (circa 4 B.C.) A.D. 1 A.D. 30-Jesus of Nazareth dies The books of the New Testament
are written A.D. 70-The Romans destroy Jerusalem Major Developments of This Time:
The invention of writing
The origin of legal systems
Monuments to greatness
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