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Essential Elements of the IB-PYP
Transcript of Essential Elements of the IB-PYP
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The PYP curriculum revolves around six transdisciplinary themes.
It is the content that we wish our students to know. They are given the freedom to explore and gain knowledge about a particular theme.
The prior knowledge of the students is taken into consideration to let them build on their previous experiences.
Concepts are powerful ideas that students must explore and re-explore in order to develop a coherent, in-depth understanding.
The concepts to be developed in the PYP curriculum are presented in the form of key questions, which help teachers and students to engage themselves in an inquiry. The key concepts are in the shape of open ended questions.
Action takes place when the child has a sound background of the topic he is inquiring about. This involves the development of skills, concepts, attitudes and acquisition of knowledge.
It should be seen as a voluntary ,thoughtful and appropriate action demonstrating a student's empowerment.
Action as a result of the learning may not be witnessed by the teacher and often happens beyond the classroom. It involves service in the widest sense of the word: service to fellow students, and to the larger community, both in and outside the school.
Through the PYP, learners develop social, research, self management and thinking skills. Students need to develop these skills in order to conduct inquiry.
With the acquisition of skills, the thinking capability of the learners starts enhancing. These skills are not only confined to the classroom but also benefit the learners in other areas throughout their lives and help them to gain more knowledge and clarify their concepts.
Attitude is the behavior of an individual towards his community and the larger world.
Giving freedom to the children while they are engaged in inquiry to gain knowledge, grasp concepts and furnish their skills helps them to develop a positive attitude.
A person’s attitude defines his personality. Positive attitudes in people also help in building great nations. The PYP curriculum, through its six transdisciplinary themes engages learners in such activities that nourish positive attitudes such as confidence, empathy, care, curiosity, respect etc.
In order to make the learners global citizens, the IB-PYP aims to foster international mindedness in them through its five essential elements which are interlinked.
These elements are incorporated in the PYP curriculum through different challenging activities, verbal and practical tasks in which the students are engaged in inquiry.
The Key Concepts of PYP
Form: This concept makes the students
understand that everything has a form
with features that can be observed, identified,
described and categorized.
Function: Here the students
understand the way things work.
Causation: This concept helps
students understand that every
action has a reason and a
Change: The concept was selected
to a make students aware
of the fact that change is
universal and unavoidable.
Connection: This concept
teaches that all elements
of the world
are interlinked. The action taken
by one individual will have an
effect on others too.
Perspective: This concepts
was selected to make students
develop acceptance for the
points of view of others and to
understand that different
perspectives lead to different
Responsibility: This concept
fosters the sense of responsibility
in children. They look for issues
and try to take a responsible
action to solve it.
Reflection: Using ‘reflection‘ (How do
we know?) as one of our conceptual
lenses will provide opportunities
for our learners to reflect on the
evidence, methods and conclusions.