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Biomimetics

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on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Biomimetics

CAE use in Modelling Biomimetic
Engineering Systems

What is Biomimetics?
“the science and art of emulating Nature's best biological ideas to solve human problems”

How and why is Biomimetics
used in engineering systems?
Nature has developed over
millions of years
How can CAE be used to model Biomimetic Engineering systems?
2 groups types of Bio-mimetic modelling
Pros and cons of using CAE to model Biomimetic Engineering Systems

In Conclusion...
References
Direct

Indirect

Direct Bio-mimetic Modelling

When the forms and principles of nature are
directly reproduced
.
Indirect Bio-mimetic Modelling
Emulating Shape and Form
Using a Method of Performing a Task
Extrapolating Numerical Modelling
Nature
inspired mathematical models
or method
Medical and Dental Application
Pros
Evolved for millions of years to create an efficient use of materials and energy
Topology optimisation increases
strength-to-weight
ratio
Nature is Vast and Diverse
Trialled and Tested Solutions
Cons
High Performance Structural Composites
Very Difficult to Reproduce on Traditional CAD Packages
Computational Software has Become a Bottleneck
Mary Amos, James Buckley, Alex Laven, Ella Bishop, Sam Hopperton
Technological advancements enable analysis, interpretation, simulation and assembly of biological materials
Educational and Training Purposes
(Model courtesy of the Additive Manufacturing Research Center EPSRC)
Group 14

Structural Optimisation

Nature is a useful source of
inspiration
and can provide the
solution
to our present and future
engineering problems
.

CAE
can be used in a wide range of
real-world
biomimetic modeling.

CAD software currently available is limiting our
creativity
and our ability to make the best use of nature's solutions.

Biomimicry will only continue to be utilised further in CAE and continue to
spur
our
natural creative potential
.
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[2]. Biomimicry Institute. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 11/10/2014]. Available from: http://biomimicry.org

[3]. Wordpress. What is Biomimicry?. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 11/10/2014]. Available from:http://sbhsbiomimetics.wordpress.com/introduction/

[4]. Rouse, M. Biomimetics. [Online]. 2006. [Date accessed: 12/10/2014]. Available from: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/biomimetics.

[5]. Lurie-Luke, E. Product and technology innovation: What can biomimicry inspire?. Biotechnology Advances. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 11/10/2014]. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0734975014001517.

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[7]. Biomimicry. Gecko Toes. [Online]. 2008. [Date accessed: 12/10/2014]. Available from: http://www.biomimicry.info/geckotoes.

[8]. Benyus, J.M. Biomimicry: Innovation inspired by Nature. London: Harper Collins, 2002.

[9]. Ratnieks, F.L.W. Biomimicry: Further Insights from Ant Colonies?. Bio-Inspired Computing and Communication. [Online]. 2008, pages 58-66.

[10]. Autodesk. Smithsonian X3D. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 12/10/2014]. Available from: http://3d.si.edu/explorer?modelid=59.

[11]. Avoid Root Canal. Biomimetics. [Online] 2012. [Date accessed: 13/10/2014]. Available from:
http://avoidrootcanal.org/biomimetics/.

[12]. Alemzadeh, K. Biomimetic modeling of human skull for dental applications using 3D Geometric Morphometric method and reverse engineering. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 13/10/2014]. Available from: http://research-information.bristol.ac.uk/en/publications/biomimetic-modeling-of-human-skull-for-dental-applications-using-d-geometric-morphometric-method-and-reverse-engineering(d16834cc-33a8-4807-924b-c361bd26bbc0).html.

[13]. Biomimetic Dentristy CE. Biomimetic Dentistry. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 13/10/2014]. Available from: https://www.biomimeticdentistryce.com/what-is-biomimetic-dentistry/.

[14].Faghih Shojaei, M. et al. (2012). Experimental anaylsis and numerical modeling of mollusk shells as a three dimensional integrated volume. Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials. [Online], 2012, Volume 16, pages 38-54. [Date accessed: 14/10/2014]. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1751616112002184.

[15]. Materials Science and Engineering. From Nature to Engineering, Current Research in the Kisailus Lab. [Online] 2012. [Date accessed: 15/10/2014] Available from: https://www.mse.urc.edu/New_Kisailus_Web_page.pdf.

[16]. Barthelat, F. Nacre from mollusk shells: a model for high-performance structural materials. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics. [Online]. 2010. [Date accessed: 13/10/2010]. Available from: http://barthelat-lab.mcgill.ca/files/papers/BB2010.pdf.

[17]. Rabiei, R. Nacre from Mollusk Shells: Inspiration for High-performance Nanocomposites. Natural Polymers. [Online]. 2012, Volume 2, chapter 5. [Date accessed: 13/10/2010]. Available from: http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/chapter/bk9781849734035-00113/978-1-84973-403-5#!divabstract.

[18]. Tai, K et al. Structural Topology Optimisation Using a Genetic Algorithm and a Morphological Representation of Geometry. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimisation. [Online]. 2005, Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 113-127. [Date accessed: 12/10/2014]. Available from: http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/3709/HPCES024.pdf.

[19]. Altair. Airbus A380 Weight Reduction through Optimisation. [Online]. 2014. [Date accessed: 11/10/2014]. Available from: http://www.altairproductdesign.com/(X(1)S(kalhedetjobqivjezfpfislg))/CaseStudyDetail.aspx?id=10&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1.

[20]. Repin, S et al. Numerical Methods for Differential Equations, Optimization and Technological Problems. London: Springer, 2013.

[21]. Jeronimidis, G. Biomimetics: smart geometry at work. [Online]. 2012. [Date accessed: 13/10/2014]. Available from: http://smartgeometry.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=153.

[22]. Le Fanu, J. Inconsistent Nature: The Enigma of Life's Stupendous Prodigality [Online]. 2011. [Date accessed 12/10/2014]. Available from: http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/09/inconsistent_nature051281.html.
Biomimetics is much more than just imitating nature for aesthetic purposes.
Bio means
'life'
Mimesis means
'imitate'
Optimise
form
and
functionality

Could we make use of this?
Thank you for listening
Copying Nature could be Used for Immoral Purposes
Products are more
sustainable
Increase Performance
Reverse Engineering and Additive Manufacturing can Create 'The Perfect Fit'
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5
[5]
[6]
[7] [8]
[9]
[10]
[11] [12] [13]
[18] [19] [20]
[14] [15] [16] [17]
(Model courtesy of the Additive Manufacturing Research Center EPSRC)

[22]
[21]
Efficiency
Becoming
increasingly popular
with
advancement
in both computer
software
and
hardware
Inform the design of
high performance composites


Natural models
that can be
translated
to computer
algorithms

Result in
increase
in
performance
Full transcript